Read the text and complete the gaps. Use only one word in each gap.
Miami the place to be seen
Miami is a magical city full 1) ......... beautiful buildings and surrounded by an amazing natural environment. The city is famous 2) ......... its art deco buildings, which are among the most stylish and vibrant in the world. In the 1920s, Miami Beach was the winter playground of 3) ......... rich and famous. Holiday accommodation was built in the extravagant style of Venetian palaces, Spanish villages 4) ......... French chateaux. Then in the 1930s, 5) ......... of middle class tourists started flooding into the city and this sparked the development of more hotels. It was then that architects 6) ......... the decision to turn Miami into an art deco city. The buildings were given sharp lines and bright happy colours which made them stand 7) ......... . Although art deco looks very modern, the style was strongly influenced by the designs found on ancient Egyptian tombs, 8) ......... particular, King Tuts tomb, which had various sharp lines, vibrant colours and zig zag features. Starting with a basic steel and concrete box, the architects accessorised the buildings with spheres, pylons, cylinders and cubes. The designers added nautical elements to the buildings 9) ......... as portholes and images of seaweed, starfish and waves. But what made these hotels even more appealing was their reasonable price tag; they were 10) ......... at all expensive to stay in. Miami became and 11) ......... remained a top holiday destination for Americans who want to enjoy the high life. So, Miami is not just 12) ......... place to see, it is the place to be seen!
1. Read the article and choose the most suitable heading for each paragraph (there are two extra headings):
a) Virtual tourism d) Holiday at home
b) Tourist or traveler e) Holiday problems
c) Most popular destinations
Travel and Tourism
Whats the difference between travel and tourism? Well, being a traveller is more than just being a holidaymaker. A holiday is just a short time away, and it normally involves relaxation. Tourists stay in holiday resorts, not travellers. Travellers go for the experience and their journeys are usually much longer and more challenging. For example, travellers tend to avoid tourist traps and like to go off the beaten track to discover new places. Travel is an age-old phenomenon, but tourism is a relatively recent invention. Thomas Cook is often described as the first travel agent because he arranged the first package tour: a 19 kilometre trip for 500 people, in 1841.
Going overseas to experience a different way of life is what many people think of as travel, but travel does not necessarily mean going abroad. How many people can say they have visited every part of their own country? Many people who live in vast countries such as Russia or the USA have only visited a small part of their own country, and so domestic travel is also very exciting. Its a surprising fact that about 75 percent of US citizens do not own a passport, so travelling does not mean leaving the country for them.
Some people cant travel or dont like the physical reality of travelling to faraway destinations. These days it is to be an armchair traveller. People can visit distant corners of the world or even little known parts of their own country without leaving their own rooms. Television documentaries make the world a small place and some people argue that travel is no longer necessary. Perhaps soon people will use interactive computer programmes and virtual travel will become common. Enthusiasts argue that by doing this we will have all the benefits of travel without inconvenience.