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DETAILED COURSE DESCRIPTION 6 page

 


Lesson 2

The lesson plan

  1. Introduction (1 min)
  2. Listening (20 min)
  3. Lexical exercises (10 min)
  4. Active vocabulary (10 min)
  5. Reading (25 min)
  6. On/offline activity. Speaking practice. Work in groups (25 min)
  7. Homework

 

LISTENING

Transcript

Before listening to the text ask students if they know the meaning of the word forecast (прогноз погоды).

Weather Forecast

Two men were travelling in a very wild part of America. They did not see any houses but only tents where Indians lived. One day the men met an old Indian who was sitting near his tent. He was smoking. The Indian was a hunter and knew everything about the forest and the animals living in it and many other things. He could also speak English rather well.

"Can you tell us what the weather will be like during the next few days?" one of the two travellers asked him.

"Oh, yes," he answered. "Rain is coming, and wind. There will be snow for one or two days, but then the sunshine will come again and the weather will be fine.ї

"These old Indians know more about the world than we with all our knowledge of physics, maths and other sciences."

"Tell me," he asked, "how do you know all that?'

The Indian answered: "I heard it over the radio."

T. Polyakova, E. Sinyavskaya, Moscow, 2007

Listening comprehension

  1. They traveled in a wild part of America.
  2. They met an old Indian.
  3. The old Indian was sitting near his tent and smoking.
  4. The men asked the Indian about the weather during the following few days.
  5. The old Indian knows everything because he listens to the radio.

6. The weather forecast are made up now with the help of satellites.

 

Speaking

b) to retell the story:

c) to reproduce the situation in a dialogue:ФYou are the Indian. Tell your friends about the incident, using active vocabulary.Ф (students like to do this task, to dramatize the dialogue in parts, imaging that they are sitting near the fire, so encourage them to create the situation).

 

LEXICAL EXERCISE

We advise to refresh new words from the previous lesson, doing this exercise: ask students to match the words and their suitable definitions given below; if they have some difficulties, ask them to translate from English into Russian to check their knowledge of the words:

Prominent, to be expelled, fortress, science, scientist, scientific, founder, nuclear, to establish, incredible, to devote to, defence, entirely, technology, common knowledge, to transmit, to prove, to disprove, capable, to list.

well-known Ц prominent (хорошо известный, выдающийс€);

to be officially forced to leave a place, organisation, or school Ц to be expelled (быть исключенным, изгнанным);

a strong building used for defending a place Ц a fortress (крепость);

the study and knowledge of the physical world and its behaviour Ц science(наука);

someone who is trained in science Ц a scientist (ученый);

relating to science, or based on the methods of science Ц scientific (научный);



a person who starts an organization or institution Ц founder (основатель, учредитель);

relating to energy that is produced by changing the structure of the central part of an atom Ц nuclear (€дерный);

to make something to start to exist or start to happen Ц to establish (учредить, установить);

surprising or difficult to believe Ц incredible (неверо€тно, неправдоподобно);

to spend a lot of time or effort doing something Ц to devote to (посв€тить);

protection Ц defence (защита);

completely Ц entirely (всецело, совершенно);

advanced scientific knowledge, that is used for practical purposes Ц technology (техника, технологи€);

something that everyone knows Ц common knowledge (общеизвестный);

to send an electronic signal such as a radio or telephone signal Ц to transmit (передавать, сообщить);

to provide evidence that shows that something is true Ц to prove (доказать);

to prove that something is not correct Ц to disprove (опровергнуть);

to able to do something Ц capable(быть в состо€нии, мочь);

to mention or write things one after another Ц to list (вносить в список).

ACTIVE VOCABULARY

Ask students if they know synonyms or close meanings to the following words;

invention Ц something that someone has made, designed or created, that did not exist before (изобретение);

inspiration Ц the condition of creative rise, inflow of a creative power (вдохновение);

closet Ц subsidiary room in an apartment house (шкаф, кабинет, подсобна€ комната) ;

bulb Ц the lighting or heating device of a various kind and the device (лампочка);

nap(to take a nap) Ц to be in a condition of a light slumber (дремота, вздремнуть);

wax Ц solid substance that becomes liquid when it is heated. Wax is used, for example, to make candles (воск);

phonograph (US, gramophone) Ц the first device for mechanical record and reproduction of a sound (граммофон, патефон);

genius Ц outstanding abilities, talent, talent in the certain field of activity (гений);

perspiration Ц the liquid allocated during physical activities, or during excitement (пот);

research Ц the detailed study of something in order to discover new facts (исследование);

to be alone Ц if you are alone, no one else is with you (один, одинокий, единственный).

Macmillan Essential Dictionary, International Student Edition,

Paul Falla, Collin Howlett, The Oxford Russian Dictionary, Oxford-Moscow

LEAD-IN

Discovery Ц the act of finding or learning about someone or something that was hidden or not known. Invention Ц something that someone designed the first

This is the photo of one of the most outstanding American inventors Ц Thomas Alva Edison. He invented so much that it is difficult to say which of his achievements is the greatest. He was an experimenter and a practical man more than a theoretician. He improved BellТs telephone, organized the first world electrostation in New-York in 1882, etc.).

 

Reading comprehension

I. 1. to invent, 2. laboratory, 3. a nap, 4. a closet, 5. hired, 6. light bulb.

 

II. 1. b. built a laboratory in his house

2. a. worked day and night

3. c. more than 1,300 things

III. 7 He died in 1931, at the age of eighty-four.

4 With this money he started to invent.

1 Edison was ten when he read his first science book.

6 1876, he invented the phonograph.

2 After that, he built a laboratory in his house.

3 When he was twenty-three, he made a lot of money.

5 He started his own laboratory at Menlo Park.

 

IV. 1. invented, 2. made, 3. sold, 4. hired, 5. worked, 6. took

 

Reading the article

resin Ц a thick sticky liquid that comes out of some trees;

to chew Ц to bite food several times before swallowing it;

sapodilla tree Ц tropical fruit tree;

exile- a situation in which you are forced to leave your country and live in another country;

frustrated Ц feeling annoyed, upset, and impatient, because you cannot control or change a situation, or achieve something;

vending machines Ц a machine that you can get cigarettes, chocolate, drinks etc. from by putting money in.

 

SPEAKING PRACTICE

On/offline activity

The teacher may give this task for homework and ask to find the information about other inventors, constructors, for example, Alexander Bell, Leonardo da Vinci, etc. and to make a brief retelling about their life, activity, inventions.


Lesson 3

The lesson plan

  1. Active vocabulary (10 min)
  2. Lead-in (7 min)
  3. Reading the text, reading comprehension (20 min)
  4. Listening (20 min)
  5. On/offline activity. Speaking practice (25 min)
  6. Homework

 

ACTIVE VOCABULARY

I. Before listening ask students to try to guess the meanings of the following words and word combinations from the text, giving, first, their synonyms or explanation in English, and then, if they canТt guess themselves, give the translation of the words.

 

to carry out - to do a particular piece of work (выполнить, завершить, провести);

discovery Ц something that is found, or something new that is learned (открытие);

nephew Ц a son of your brother or sister, or a son of your husbandТs or wifeТs brother or sister (плем€нник);

quarrel Ц an argument (ссора);

fortune Ц 1) a large sum of money;2) good luck (судьба, фортуна; богатство, состо€ние);

iron Ц a hard heavy metal that is used for making steel (железо);

powerful Ц with a lot of physical strength or force (сильный,мощный, могущественный);

dynamite Ц a substance that is used for causing explosions (динамит);

to explode Ц to burst with a lot of force and a loud noise, or to make something do this, usually in a way that causes a lot of damage (взрыватьс€, взрывать).

II. Ask students to give synonyms or close meanings to the following words and word combinations (this task is given for advanced students, week level students may be asked to guess the meaning of this words in Russian)

industrialist Ц a person who owns or runs a factory or an industrial company (промышленник, фабрикант);

bankrupt Ц a person who is officially admitted bankrupt (someone who has no money and cannot pay he owes (банкрот);

to manage Ц to succeed in doing or dealing with something, especially something difficult or something that needs a lot of effort (управл€ть, заведовать; справл€тьс€, уметь обращатьс€);

idealist Ц someone who is idealistic (идеалист);

cheerful Ц behaving in a happy friendly way (веселый, жизнерадостный);

sad Ц feeling unhappy (печальный);

mankind Ц all humans considered as a single group. Some people avoid using this word because it seems not to include women, and they use humankind instead (человечество);

native land Ц the country where you were born (отчизна);

explosive Ц a substance or object that can cause an explosion (взрывчатый);

explosion Ц an occasion when something such as bomb explodes (взрыв);

peacetime Ц the time when a country is not involved in a war (мирный);

weapon Ц something that you use to fight with or attack someone with, such as a knife, bomb or gun (оружие);

landmine Ц a bomb hidden in the ground that explodes when someone walks or drives over it (мина);

plenty Ц a lot or enough (изобилие, избыток);

skill Ц the ability to do something well, usually as a result of experience and training (мастерство, искусство, сноровка);

imaginative - creative, able to produce new, different, or exciting ideas (одаренный воображением);

luck Ц success that you have by chance (судьба, удача, счастье);

will Ц what someone wants to happen (вол€, желание);

outstanding Ц extremely good or impressive (выдающийс€);

promotion Ц the activity of encouraging or supporting something (продвижение; содействие, поощрение).

Macmillan Essential Dictionary, International Student Edition,

Paul Falla Collin Howlett, The Oxford Russian Dictionary, Oxford-Moscow

 

Reading

This information may be useful to interest students and help to prepare for reading and further work at the lesson.

This is the photo of Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1883 Ц 1896), the great Swedish inventor and industrialist.

SHORT DESCRIPTION Chemist, engineer, innovator, armaments manufacturer and the inventor of dynamite
DATE OF BIRTH October 21, 1833(1833-10-21)
PLACE OF BIRTH Stockholm, Sweden
DATE OF DEATH December 10, 1896
PLACE OF DEATH Sanremo, Italy

 

The foundations of the Nobel Prize were laid in 1895 when Alfred Nobel wrote his last will, leaving much of his wealth for its establishment. Since 1901, the prize has honored men and women for outstanding achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and for work in peace.

Alfred Nobel is buried in Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm.

Recommended resources:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Nobel

 

Reading comprehension

I.

1. Alfred Nobel had deep knowledge in different fields of science.(T).

2. He studied at the University where he learned languages.(F).

3. He got interested in chemistry and by the time he was twenty became a skillful chemist.(T).

4. His father was a very successful businessman and died very rich.(F).

5. Alfred Nobel was a man of imagination and at the same time showed great financial and business sense.(T).

6. Nobel was very happy in his private life (F).

7. He was always cheerful and lived a life of a very rich man.(F).

8. He spent much time and money for the cause of peace and brotherhood between nations.(T).

9. His famous will in which he left money to provide prizes for outstanding work in Science and Peace is a memorial to his ideals (T).

 

II.

1. He was an industrialist but remained an idealist.

2. He was cheerful in company but was sad in private.

3. He loved all mankind but didnТt have a wife or a family to love him.

4. He invented a dynamite to improve peacetime industries but saw it was used as a weapon to kill people.

5. He was a Swede but lived more than 20 years in Russia.

6. He was a patriot of his native country but died alone in a foreign land.

7. Never studied at school or University but was a skillful chemist and an excellent linguist.

8. He was a man of imagination but showed great business and financial science.

 

LISTENING

Uncle Philip

Tom's Uncle Philip was a scientist and an inventor. He carried out his research in the field of chemistry. He'd been interested in chemistry since his childhood. He made a lot of discoveries and even received the Nobel Prize in chemistry. But he was a strange man, he lived alone, had no wife or friends. Once when he was quite old and seriously ill he sent for his nephew. Here it must be explained that this was the first time Tom and his uncle met. Many years earlier Philip had had a big quarrel with his sister, Tom's mother, and since then he had steadily refused to see them.

When Tom came to see him, Uncle Philip was lying ill in bed. "I am a rich man," he said, "and I'm determined to leave all my fortune to you. You will find it in an iron box in the bank. But before you open the box you must read the letter which is on top of it.Ф Soon his uncle died. After Uncle Philip's death Tom went to the bank. Before he started to open the box, he read the letter. Here is what it said:

"Dear Tom,

This box contains a great fortune. I am leaving it to you because I want you always to remember your dear uncle. The box also contains powerful dynamite which will explode as soon as you open it. If you do not believe me, open it and you will be blown into atoms.

Do not forget your uncle."

From that time on Tom could think of nothing but the box and the fortune. He asked everyone for advice. But nobody could think of a safe enough plan.

T. Polyakova, E. Sinyavskaya, English for Engineers, Moscow, 2002

Listening comprehension

I.

1. Tom's Uncle Philip was a scientist and an inventor

2. He made a lot of discoveries and even received the Nobel Prize in chemistry. But he was a strange man, he lived alone, had no wife or friends.

3. He sent for his nephew.

4. He said that he was a rich man and decided to leave him all his fortune in an iron box in a bank.

5. But before opening the box Tom had to read a letter.

6. It was written that the box contained a great fortune. It also contained powerful dynamite, which would explode after opening the box.

7. Why did Uncle Philip decide to act in this way?

8. Can you think of any plan for opening the box?

These two last questions are asked not only just to answer the questions, as the previous five, but let involve students into discussion, express their opinion in group. The previous questions were given as the preliminary step for the following discussion. We recommend to remind students to start to speak with useful expressions, given before Sometimes they forget about it:

In my opininion as for me IТm not really sure, but
if IТm not mistaken to my mind it seems to me that
I donТt know exactly, but I think that from my point of view
as far as I understand I suppose I believe that

 

II. Retell the story.

 

III. You are Tom. Tell us what you know about your uncle and his decision to leave his fortune to you.

IV. Give students some time to think and encourage them to speak.

 

Speaking practice

On/offline activity

Work in groups

All groups are given the same websites but different tasks. Encourage them to make an interesting report after finding the information. This task may be given for homework.

The information about the foundation of the Nobel Prize Fund:

On November 27, 1895, at the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, Nobel signed his last will and testament and set aside the bulk of his estate to establish the Nobel Prizes, to be awarded annually without distinction of nationality. He died of a stroke on December 10, 1896 at Sanremo, Italy. He left 31 million kronor (4,223,500 USD1896~103,931,888 USD2007) to fund the prizes/.

The facts about the first Nobel Prize Winners (the name of the winners, the nationality, the year, and the fields of their activity):

(Röntgen (1901) Х Lorentz / Zeeman (1902) Х Becquerel / P.Curie / M.Curie (1903) Rayleigh (1904) Х Lenard (1905)/).

 


Lesson 4

The lesson plan

1. Lead-in (7 min.)

2. Lexical exercise (5 min)

3. Reading, reading comprehension, discussion (20 min)

4. On/offline activity (25 min)

5. Writing. Online activity. Work in pairs (20min)

6. Homework.

 

LEAD-IN

Students arenТt expected to know these dates, the idea is for them to speculate and try to guess.

telephone Ц 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell in the USA

dishwasher Ц 1886 by Josephine Cochrane in Shelbyville, USA: she

wanted a mashine to wash dishes faster than her

servants could!

ballpoint pen -1938 by Ladislo Biro in Hungary

colour TV -1940 by Peter Goldmark in the USA

CD Ц 1965 by James Russell in Columbus, USA, but the first

CDs were marketed by Philips in 1980

e-mail Ц 1971 by Ray Tomlinson in Cambridge, USA

video-recorder Ц 1975 by Sony in Japan: the first Betamax VCR cost 2295!

personal computer -1976 The Apple I was realised on April 1st by Steve Jobs

and Wozniak in the USA.

mobile phone - 1979 by Motorolla in the USA: this was the first cellular

network.

DVD - 1995 by Philips, Sony, Matsushita and Toshiba

Leo Jones, Making Progress, Cambridge University Press.

 

 

LEXICAL EXERCISE

Ask students to find suitable words to the following definitions (to refresh new words from the previous lesson).

research Ц the detailed study of something in order to discover new facts (исследование);

invention Ц something that someone has made, designed or created, that did not exist before (изобретение);

inspiration Ц the condition of creative rise, inflow of a creative power (вдохновение);

closet Ц subsidiary room in an apartment house (шкаф, кабинет, подсобна€ комната);

bulb Цthe lighting or heating device of a various kind and the device (лампочка);

nap (to take a nap) Ц to be in a condition of a light slumber (дремота, вздремнуть);

wax Ц solid substance that becomes liquid when it is heated. Wax is used, for example, to make candles (воск);

phonograph (US, gramophone) - the first device for mechanical record and reproduction of a sound (граммофон, патефон);

genius Ц outstanding abilities, talent, talent in the certain field of activity (гений);

perspiration Ц the liquid allocated during physical activities, or during excitement (пот).

New words

We offer to give the explanation in English; students try to guess the meaning in Russian:

Priest Ц someone who performs religious duties and ceremonies in some religions;

pendulum Ц a long stick with a weight at the end of it that hangs down and swings from side to side, especially in a large clock;

steam Ц the hot wet substance that is produced when water is heated;

engine Ц the part of a vehicle that produces power to make it move;

patient Ц someone who is patient, is able to wait for a long time or deal with a difficult situation without becoming angry or upset;

bulb Ц a glass object with a very thin wire inside, that produces light, when it is connected to an electricity supply.

Longman Exams Dictionary

SPEAKING PRACTICE

Reading

According to EdisonТs main idea about success, inspiration, Уthe idea that a genius works only by inspiration was absurd. УGenius is 2 percent inspiration and 98 percent perspiration,Ф Ц he often said.

Reading comprehension

I.

simply Ц not difficult, not complicated, easy; quickly Ц fast, rapidly, speedily; actually Ц used to emphasize that something is true, especially when it is a little surprising or unexpected; finally Ц at last, lastly; nearly Ц almost, but not completely or exactly;

 

II. Answer the following questions in pairs:

1. Despite the excellent quality of CaselliТs Уfax machineФ his invention quickly died a commercial death.

2. The Frenchman Denis Papin (1647 Ч 1712) designed the first steam engine.

3. Scotsman James Watt built the first steam engine.

4. Elisha Gray developed plans for a telephone, but Alexander Graham Bell was the first who patented it.

Ask students to discuss the following questions in pairs, using new words.

 

On/offline activity

Divide students into groups of 3 or 4 people. Each group is given the task to find the information about one invention, but they get the same websites.

 

Online activity

Writing an e-mail (to a friend)

Work in pairs.

Ask everyone to look at the e-mail together, imagining it came from their friend.

The same pairs decide how they will answer AlexТs questions. Encourage them to think what questions they can ask Alex.

Students read their partnerТs e-mail and write a short reply to it. Then they reply to the reply.

So you may prefer to set this task as homework.

 

Homework

Writing (to a friend)

There are no fixed rules about composing e-mails, especially to friends. But a friend will be surprised if you write in a formal style. An e-mail is rather like a conversation without the pauses and hesitations.

Ask everyone to look at the e-mail together, imagining it came from their friend (who could be female or male, as they prefer).

Students in pairs decide how they will answer AlexТs questions. Encourage them to think what questions they can ask Alex.

This task could be done in class or you may prefer to set this as homework.

The Model version is just a model to show to students.

 

Model version

 

Dear Alex.   Great to hear from you after so long! I'm really sorry I haven't been in touch but I've been pretty busy.   We are all well and my little sister has just started primary school and comes home every day full of stories about her adventures!   Yes, I'm still studying English. We've just started a new course and we're using a new book which makes learning really fun! I'm still with the same friends in class as before so that's nice too. Our new teacher is really kind and helpful.   I had a wonderful holiday - it seems so long ago now! We drove all round the island, stopping at different villages and beaches. We stayed in an old farmhouse with fields all around. The weather was pretty good, apart from one day with a spectacular thunderstorm!   How about you? What is your news? How are you all? What was your holiday like? We really must keep in touch. I'll write again soon.   Very best wishes,   Kim

 

Students read their partner's e-mail and write a short reply to it. Then they reply to the reply! (If this is going to talk too long in class, some of the writing can be done as homework).

 


Lesson 5

The lesson plan

1. Lexical exercises (10 min)

2. Listening (15 min)

3. Reading (25 min)

4. Speaking practice (25 min)

5. Writing (15 min)

6. Homework

 

Lexical exercises

Ask students to match the words and their suitable definitions given below (to refresh new vocabulary learned at the previous lesson):

Invention, to explode, dynamite, powerful, closet, iron, bulb, fortune, phonograph, discovery, genius, to carry out, research.

invention Ц something that someone has made, designed or created, that did not exist before (изобретение);

to explode Ц to burst with a lot of force and a loud noise, or to make something do this, usually in a way that causes a lot of damage (взрыватьс€, взрывать).

dynamite Ц a substance that is used for causing explosions (динамит);

powerful Ц with a lot of physical strength or force (сильный,мощный, могущественный);

closet Ц subsidiary room in an apartment house (шкаф, кабинет, подсобна€ комната);

iron Ц a hard heavy metal that is used for making steel (судьба, фортуна; богатство, состо€ние);

bulb Цthe lighting or heating device of a various kind and the device (лампочка);

fortune Ц 1) a large sum of money;2) good luck;

phonograph Ц the first device for mechanical record and reproduction of a sound (граммофон, патефон);

discovery Ц something that is found, or something new that is learned (открытие);

genius Ц outstanding abilities, talent, talent in the certain field of activity (гений);

to carry out Ц to do a particular piece of work ( выполнить, завершить, провести);

research Ц the detailed study of something in order to discover new facts (исследование);

 


LISTENING

Inventor Invention Year of invention Country
Samuel Colt pistol USA
Rudolf Diesel diesel engine Germany
Samuel Morse word-code USA
Charles Macintosh a rubber raincoat Scotland
Charles Rolls, Henry Royce Rolls-Royce Great Britain
GottliebDaimler, Charles Benz Mercedes The end of 19 century Germany

 


Date: 2015-01-11; view: 940


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