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Declension of Nouns in the Late 14th and 15th centuries

Main Declension Variant forms and deviations Singular
Comm. case     Gen. case fish, end(e) tale, sun(e), etc. wolf, hous(e), etc. fishes, endes, tales, sunes, etc. wolves, houses, etc.     lady/ladys, fader/faderes
Plural
Comm. case     Gen. case fishes, endes tales, sunes, etc. wolves, houses, etc. fishes, endes tales, sunes wolves, houses, etc.     hors/horses/horsen, thing/thinges, eyen/eyes
Minor Groups Singular
Comm. case Gen. case foot, mous(e), ox footes, mousse, oxen  
Plural
Comm. case   Gen. case feet, mis(e), oxen feetes, mices, oxen(es) brothers/brethren children/children

 


DECLENSION OF NOUNS

Strong Declensions (Vocalic Stems)

a-stems
Singular
  M short-stemmed N long-stemmed N ja-stems M wa-stems N
Nom. fisc Gen. fisces Dat. fisce Acc. fisc scip scipes scipe scip Dēor dēores dēore dēor Ende endes ende ende cnēo(w) cnēowes cnēowe cnēo(w)
Plural
Nom. fisces Gen. fisca Dat. fiscum Acc. fiscas (NE fish) scipu scipa scipum scipu (NE scip) Dēor dēora dēorum dēor (NE deer) Endas enda endum endas (NE end) cnēo(w) cnēowa cnēowum cnēo(w) (NE knee)

 

Strong Declensions (Vocalic Stems)

Singular
ō-stems short-stemmed long-stemmed F i-stems short-stemmed M u-stems short-stemmed long-stemmed F
Nom. talu wund Gen. tale wunde Dat. tale wunde Acc. tale wunde Mete metes mete mete sunu feld suna felda suna felda sunu felda
Plural
Nom. tala, -ewunda, -e Gen. tala (-ena) wunda (-ena) Dat. talum wundum Acc. tala, -e wunda, -e (NE tale) (NE wound) mete, -as meta metum mete, -as (NE meat) suna felda suna felda sunum feldum suna felda (NE son) (NE field)

 

Consonantal Stems

Singular
n-stems (weak declension) M N F root-stems M F
Nom. nama ēare tunçe Gen. naman ēaran tunçan Dat. naman ēaran tunçan Acc. namanēarantunçan fōt mūs fōtes m˘s, mūse fēt m˘s fōt mūs
Plural
Nom. namanēaran tunçan Gen. namenaēarena tunçena Dat. namum ēarum tunçum Acc. namanēaran tunçan (NE name)(NE ear)(NE tongue) fēt m˘s fōta mūsa fēt mūsum fēt m˘s (NE foot) (NE mouse)

 


Declension of Personal Pronouns

First person
Case Singular Dual Plural
Nom. ic Gen. mīn Dat.Acc. mec, mē wit uncer unc uncit Wē ūre, ūser ūs ūsic, ūs
Second person
Nom. þū Gen. þīn Dat. þē Acc. þēc, þē çit incer inc incit, inc Çē ēower ēow ēowic, ēow
Third person
Singular Plural
M F N All genders
Nom. hē hēo, hīo hit Gen. his hire, hiere his Dat. him hire, hiere him Acc. hine hīe, hī, h˘ hit hīe, hī, h˘, hēo hira, heora, hiera, hyra him, heom hīe, hī, h˘, hēo

 



Declension of sē, sēo, þæt

(Demonstrative pronouns)

Case Singular Plural
  Nom. Gen. Dat. Acc. Instr. M N F All genders
sē, se þæt sēo þæs þæs þǽre þǽm, þām þǽm, þām þǽre þone þæt þā þ˘, þon þ˘, þon þǽre Þā þāra, þǽra þām, þǽm þā þǽm, þām


Date: 2016-04-22; view: 736


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Declension of Adjectives | Principal Middle English Written Records
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