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I. Roots and suffixes used in the Greek and Latin medical terms

 

ROOTS

 

Greek and Latin roots English word elements Meaning Examples of medical terms
aesthesi-; -aesthesia esthesi-; -esthesia feeling; nervous sensation anaesthesiologia
brady- brady- slow bradycardia
gynaec- gynec- woman; female gynaecologia
hist- hist- tissue histologia
hydr- hydr- water hydrophobia
lip- lip- fat; lipid lipōma
lith-; -lithus -lith stone; calculus phlebolithus
melan- melan- black melanuria
onc- onc- tumour oncologia
pyr- pyr- fever; heat pyrotherapia
tachy- tachy- fast tachycardia

SUFFIXES

Greek and Latin suffixes English word elements Meaning Examples of medical terms
-penia -penia decreased number (in blood) leucocytopenia
-pexia -pexy fixation nephropexia
-phobia -phobia fear hydrophobia
-plegia -plegia paralysis; palsy diplegia

PREFIXES

Greek and Latin prefixes English word elements Meaning Examples of medical terms
bi-; di-; bi-; di-; two didactylia
mono- mono- one; single monophobia

 

II. EXERCIsES

 

1. Build up clinical terms with the given roots and suffixes, explain their meaning:

tachy- (-cardia; -kinesia; -arrhythmia);

hydr(o)- (-therapia; -phobia; -thorax; -rrhoea; -nephrosis; -cephalia; -metra; -myelia);

pyr(o)- (-mania; -therapia; -phobia; -genus);

-(o)phobia (hydr-; gynaec-; toxic-; mono-);

di- (-dactylia; -plegia; -cheilia);

-(o)pexia (nephr-; metr-; proct-; cyst-; col-);

-(o)plegia (cyst-; ophthalm-; di-; mono-; cardiomyo-; gloss-);

-(o)lithus (enter-; phleb-; ur-; rhin-; hepat-; nephr-).


 

2. Explain the meaning of the following terms:

1) melanuria melanodermia melanoma   2) histotherapia histologia histopathologia  
3) bradyglossia bradyarrhythmia bradycardia bradyaesthesia bradykinesia bradyphagia   4) pyrotherapia pyrophobia pyrogenus    
5) hydrarthrosis hydrothorax hydrophobia hydrotherapia hydraemia hydrocephalia hydrometra hydroperitoneum hydropneumothorax 6) lipaemia lipoma lipuria lipodystrophia lipofibroma lipogenus

 

3. Give the Greek & Latin variants and explain the meaning of the following terms:

histology; anesthesia; gynecophobia; erythropenia; melanosis; bradycardia; hypogastrium; hypertrophy; hydrology; pyrogenic; pyuria; erythema; monodactyly; bilateral; esthesiology; oncotomy; gynecopathy; lipemia; diplegia; erythrocyturia; enterolith; nephrolithiasis; histoma; oncosis; chondrodystrophy; lipatrophy; gastroduodenostomy; otorrhagia; enteropexy; bradykinesia; monophobia; pyelotomy; lipopenia; toxicophobia; myorrhaphy; myogenic; myelogram; lipofibroma; periodontium; periostitis; oncocytoma; cystopyelogram.



 

4. Give the Latin spelling of the terms; explain their meaning:

hydrophthalmos; mammography; cancerophobia; glossoplegia; rhinolith; glycemia; hydrometra; cytopenia; anesthesiology; hydrocholecystis; angiography; glossorrhagia; colpopexy; phlebolith; melanodermia; monocytopenia; monomyoplegia; nephromegaly; mononeuritis; gastropexy; dicheilia; dysenteria; lipodystrophy; colostomy; cholelithiasis; cardiotomy; chondrotomy; tachyphagia; cardiomegaly; bradyphagia; hydrotherapy; urolith; cardiophobia; ophthalmoplegia; metropexy; parodontosis; rhinopathy; gynecology.

 


 

PART III. PHARMACEUTICAL TERMINOLOGY

 

LESSON 1

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Date: 2016-03-03; view: 1355


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