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II. Clinic Latin and Greek component elements used in drug names

In drug names some clinical Latin and Greek component elements are used which are already known to you. You will have to pay attention to their spelling and meaning in the pharmaceutical terminology:

 

## Latin Meaing Examples
1. -angi-, -vas-, spasmolytics, referring to vessels Angiotensinamidum Vasographinum
2. -cardi-, -cor-, -cord- cardiovascular drugs Cardiovalenum Corazolum
3. -chol- cholagogic, bile-expelling Chologonum
4. -cyt- (from Greek «cell») antianemic drugs Cytamenum
5. -derm- for treatment of skin diseases Dermosolonum
6. -erythr- (from Greek «red») Erythromycinum
7. glyc- (from Greek «sweet») Glycerophosphatum
8. -haem-, -aem- drugs influencing hemopoesis Haematogenum Liquaeminum
9. -hepat-, -hepar- extracts from liver Vitohepatum
10. -lys(in)- drugs for destruction and excretion Sarcolysinum
11. -my(o)- (from Greek «muscle») Myostatinum
12. -myel(o)- referring to brain Myelosanum
13. -neo-, -nov- (from Greek «new») Neocidum Novandrolum
14. -pan- (from Greek «total») Pantocidum
15. -physi(o)- referring to physical properties Physiolactinum
16. -poly- (from «many») Polyvaccinum
17. -pyo- antipurulent drugs Pyocidum
18. -thyr- drugs influencing functions of the thyroid gland Methothyrinum

 

III. GREEK AND LATIN ELEMENTS CARRYING INFORMATION on chemical composition of a drug

 

## Latin Meaing Examples
1. -aeth- containing ethyl Aethinalum
2. -(a)zin-, -zol-, -(a)zid- containing nitrogen Aminazinum, Corazolum Saluzidum
3. -benz- containing benzol Benzonalum
4. -chlor- containing chlorine Chloraminum
5. -cyan- (from Greek «cyanus» - blue) Cyanidum
6. -hydr- water, hydrogen Hydrocortisonum
7. -meth- containing methyl Methacinum
8. -oxy- containing oxygen Oxylidinum
9. -phen- containing phenyl Phenolum
10. -phosph- containing phosphorus Phosphacolum
11. -phthor- containing fluorine Phthoracizinum
12. -thi- containing sulfur Thiophosphamidum
13. -yl- containing hydrocarbon radical Methyluracilum

 


 

IV. VOCABULARY

Learn drug names:
1. Am¢lum, i n Tritĭci (um, i n) wheat starch
2. Chloxylum, i n chloxyl
3. Dibazōlum, i n dibazol
4. Eucatōlum, i n eucatol
5. Hydrochlorothiazīdum, i n hydrochlorothiazid
6. Ichthyōlum, i n ichthyol
7. Mycosolōnum, i n mycosolon
8. Olěum (i, n) Ricĭni (us, i m) castor oil
9. Phthoruracīlum, i n phthoruracil
10. Polyphepānum, i n polyphepan
11. Solutĭo Ammonĭi (um, i n) caustĭci (us, a, um) liquid ammonia (solution of ammonia)
12. Sulfadimezīnum, i n sulfadimezin
13. Synthomycīnum, i n synthomycin
14. Vaselīnum, i n vaseline
15. Xeroformĭum, i n xeroform
Medical plants:
16. Convallarĭa, ae f lily of the valley
17. Eucalyptus, i f eucalyptus
18. Linum, i n flax
19. Plantāgo, ĭnis f common (greated) plantain
20. Salvĭa, ae f sage
Other words:
antiasthmatĭcus, a, um. antiasthmatic
22. diuretĭcus, a, um diuretic, urinative
23. piperītus, a, um pepper
24. semen, ĭnis n seed
25. siccus, a, um dry
       

 



 

V. EXCERCISES

 

Exercise 1. Read drug names, find component elements carrying information about pharmaceutical characteristics, give their meaning:

Benzonalum, Dipheninum, Normotensum, Pyrimethaninum, Acetylcysteinum, Sulfalenum, Penicillaminum, Erythromycinum, Sulfathiazolum, Sulfamethoxazolum, Vancomycinum, Diphenhydraminum, Cyclosporinum, Methyluracilum, Hydrolysinum, Nitroglycerinum, Benzobarbitalum, Methindionum, Mycoseptinum, Chlorochininum, Cyclophosphamidum, Cyanocobalaminum, Cerebrolysinum.

 

Exercise 2. Translate from English into Latin:

Solution of papaverin, tincture of mint, granules of amidopyrin, ointment of xeroform, tablets of sulfadimezin, oil of eucalyptus, motherwort herb tincture, foxglove leaves powder, tablets of dibazol, fluid extract of hawthorn, oitment of ichthyol, solution of procainamid, tablets of phenobarbital, sage leaves tincture, decoction of oak cortex, mint leaves tincture, emulsion of castor oil, tablet of novocainamid, liquid ammonia, oil of peppermint, eucalyptus leaves tincture, tincture of calendula, leaf of common plantain, solution of salvin, matricary leaves, granule of plantaglucid, drops of eucatol, solution of aminophyllin, coltsfoot leaf granules.

 

Exercise 3. Translate from English into Latin, using the given vocabulary:

1. Give 10 ml of epinephrin solution.

2. Take 200 ml of valerian root tinñture.

3. Add 5 ml of castor oil.

4. Give 10 ml of menthol oil.

5. Take 30,0 of xeroform ointment.

6. Mix 5 ml of mint tincture and 10 ml of motherwort tincture.

7. Add 3 ml of peppermint oil.

8. Sterilize 20 ml of castor oil.

9. Take 5,0 of boromenthol ointment.

10. Give 25,0 of synthomycin liniment.

11. Mix 10 ml of lily of the valley tincture and 15 ml of valerian tincture.

12. Give 25 ml of motherwort extract.

13. Take 20,0 of castor oil emulsion.

14. Sterilize 200 ml of novocain solution.

 


LESSON 3

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Date: 2016-03-03; view: 753


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