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LATIN THIRD DECLENSION NOUNS. FEMININE GENDER

In this lesson you will:

Learn the endings of the feminine third declension nouns.

Learn exceptions to the rule of the feminine third declension nouns endings.

 

This lesson is divided into the following sections:

I. Endings of feminine third declension nouns.

II. Exceptions to the rule of the feminine third declension nouns endings.

III. Exercises.

IV. Vocabulary

 

I. ENDINGS OF FEMININE THIRD DECLENSION NOUNS

 

Most nouns ending by -io, -as, -is, -s, -x (imparisyllaba), -is (parisyllaba) are feminine, cf.:

  Endings Examples
Nominative Genitive (with a part of the stem)
1. - as - ātis cavĭtas, cavitātis f -cavity
2. - is (imparisyllaba) - ĭdis pyrămis, pyramĭdis f -pyramid
3. - is (parisyllaba) - is auris, auris f ear
4. - s - tis pars, partis f -part
5. - x - cis - gis radix, radīcis f root meninx, meningis f -meninx
6. - o - io - ĭnis - ōnis cartilāgo, cartilagĭnis f cartilage articulatĭo, articulatiōnis f joint

 

 

II. Exceptions to the rule of the FEMININE third declension nouns ENDINGS

 

The following nouns having feminine endings are masculine (according to 6 endings in the foregoing table):

atlas, ntis m atlas
pulvis, ěris m powder
  sanguis, ĭnis m blood
axis, is m axis
  canālis, is m canal
  unguis, is m nail
dens, dentis m tooth
fornix, ĭcis m arch
  larynx, ngis m larynx
  pharynx, ngis m pharynx
  coccyx, ýgis m tailbone
  thorax, ācis m chest
tendo, ĭnis m sinew
  margo, ĭnis m edge

 

The following nouns having feminine endings are neuter:

1. pancrĕas, ătis n - pancreas

2. vas, vasis n - vessel

 

III. Exercises

 

1. Translate into English:

cavĭtas medullāris, basis cranii externa, cartilāgo thyroiděa, cartilāgo alāris major, margo inferior pulmōnis sinistri, auris externa, bifurcatio trachēae, basis pyramĭdis renālis, margo utěri dexter, axis bulbi externus, pancreas accessorium, pars liběra gingīvae, cartilāgo septi nasi, cavĭtas oris propria, labyrinthus ossěus auris internae, terminatio nervi cutis, vas lymphatĭcum superficiāle, canālis palatīnus major, caput pancreătis, regio thorācis posterior, sanguis venōsus et arteriōsus.

 

2. Make up grammatical agreement of adjectives with the given nouns :

1) cavĭtas (pleurālis, e; articulāris, e; medullāris, e)



2) margo (anterior, ius; frontālis, e ; dexter, tra, trum)

3) auris (internus, a, um ; externus, a, um ; medius, a, um)

4) cartilāgo (costālis, e; alāris, e; articulāris, e; major, jus)

5) pars (ossěus, a, um; laterālis, e; anterior, ius; dexter, tra, trum)

6) vas (lymphatĭcus, a, um; sanguiněus, a, um; capillāris, e)

 

3. Translate into Latin:

dura mater of brain, pyloric canal, fornix of stomach, canal of great stony nerve, angle of stomach, fornix of pharynx, ring-shaped part of fibrous vagina, sholder joint, capsule of pancreas, tympanic cavity of middle ear, greater palatine canal, cartilage of nasal septum, inferior constrictor of pharynx.

 

V. VOCABULARY

 

1. alāris, e alar
2. anulāris, e ring-shaped
3. abor, ōris f abor
4. arteriōsus, a, um arterial
5. articulatĭo, ōnis f joint
6. auris, is f ear
7. bifurcatĭo, ōnis f bifurcation
8. capillāris, e capillary
9. carotĭcus, a, um carotid
10. cartilāgo, ĭnis f cartilage
11. cavĭtas, ātis f cavity
12. coccyx, ýgis m coccyx, coccygeal bone
13. composĭtus, a, um complex
14. costālis, e costal
15. cutis, is f skin
16. dens, dentis m tooth
dens canīnus canine, cuspid tooth
dens incisīvus incisor tooth
dens molāris molar tooth
dens premolāris premolar tooth
dens decidŭus milk tooth
dens sapientĭae (dens serotĭnus) wisdom tooth
17. fornix, ĭcis m fornix, arc
18. iliăcus, a, um iliac
19. incisīvus, a, um incisive, cutting, sharp
20. labyrinthus, i m labyrinth
21. mandibulāris, e mandibular
22. masseterĭcus, a, um masticatory, chewing
23. molāris, e molar
24. optĭcus, a, um optic, visual
25. pancrěas, ătis n pancreas
26. pelvis, is f pelvis
27. pleurālis, e pleural
28. pylorĭcus, a, um pyloric
29. regĭo, ōnis f region
30. sanguiněus, a, um blood, sanguiferous
31. sanguis, ĭnis m blood
32. simplex, ĭcis simple
33. sternālis, e sternal
34. tuberosĭtas, ātis f tuberosity
35. vas, vasis n vessel
36. vita, ae f life  

 

 


Lesson 8


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 536


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