(j) Students usually receive a grant ____ the state.
(k) They're given a grant ____ the state.
Ex. 5 How similar is university education in your own country? Answer these questions. If possible, compare your answers with someone else from your own country and/or someone from a different country.
1. Do you need to pass examinations before you can go to university?
2. Do some students get a grant to study at university?
3. Is the tuition free if you go to university?
4. Do most students go to university at the age of 18 or 19?
5. Do more students go to university in your country than in Britain?
6. Do most degree courses last three years?
7. What is your equivalent of the British BA or BSc?
8. Do you have similar postgraduate degrees in your country?
Ex. 6Translate the text
There is a close connection between the University and colleges, though they are quite separate in theory and practice.
Each college has its own building, its own internal organization, its own staff and students. In order to. enter the university, one must first apply to a college and become a member of the university through the college. The colleges are not connected with any particular study. Students studying literature, for example, and those trained for physics may belong to one and the same college.
However the fact is that one is to be a member of a college in order to be a member of the University. The colleges are governed by twenty or thirty "fellows". Fellows of a college are "tutors"5 (teachers, often called "dons"). Each tutor has 10-12 students reading under his guidance. Tutors teach their own subject to those students in the college who are studying it, and they are responsible for their progress.
Every college is governed by a dean6. Discipline is looked after by proctors7 and numerous minor officials called "bulldogs".
The University is like a federation of colleges. It arranges the courses, the lectures and the examinations, and grants the degrees8.
1. Fill in the blanks. The first letter of each missing word has been given.
Education differs from country to country. In Britain, school consist of pre-school, (1) p .. school and secondary school. (2) M . for different subjects are given in figures out of 10, 20 or 100; (3) g .. are usually expressed in letters, A, B, C, etc. A certificate is given for success in a particular (4) a .. of study (for example the Cambridge Certificate); a diploma is awarded by colleges and a (5) d .. by universities.
2. Look at these useful expressions, then fill the gaps with one of these words.
place revise exercise heart classes diploma grade year private grades
do (=study for) a degree in Management; do (=take) an exam/an (1) .; do (=carry out) an experiment; do (=carry out) research in traffic pollution; do (=study) maths, history
gain a good degree/education; gain experience
get a good education; get information/advice; get a (2) .. at university; get into university; get a grant; get good/bad marks/(3) .;
get a good report; get a degree/certificate/(4)
have good knowledge of marketing strategies; have (5) . lessons
go to university/college/evening (6) ..
make progress; make a mistake; make the (7) .
study Mathematics/notes/a diagram; study for a test/an exam/a degree
take a course/an exam; take notes (while listening or reading); take a break from studying; take a (8) . off to travel
teach a lesson/a class; teach English/media studies; teach at a school/college/university
attend classes/a private language school/university
carry out research into environmental effects of tourism
cheat in an exam
copy from someone else give a lecture/a talk/a demonstration
learn a poem by (9) ; memorize the facts pay attention (in class)
prepare/(10) . for an exam sit for/sit an exam
3. Underline the correct word in each of the following sentences using the chart above to help you.
1. She got/took a good report from her teachers.
2. They said she had done/made progress in all subjects.
3. She had done/made very few mistakes in her test.
4. She is well-behaved and pays/gives attention in class.
5. She always takes/does notes when the teacher talks.
6. She likes physics and enjoys doing/making experiments.
7. She hates being disturbed when she is revising/reading for an exam.
8. She feels a bit nervous when she has to sit/revise an exam.
9. When she gets/takes her degree, she wants to go abroad.
4. Choose a or the in the following passage. Cross out the wrong one. In some places neither is possible so cross out both.
PEOPLE IN EDUCATION
A/The professor is not a/the teacher in a/the secondary school, but has a/the highest academic position in a/the university. A/The lecture is a/the university teacher. Lecturers and professors give a/the lectures. Students in Britain usually have a/the tutor who gives them a/the advice and teaches students in small groups. You graduate from university with a/the degree. If you do a/the postgraduate work, you will have a/the supervisor to help and advise you.
5. Match the definitions below with one of the words given.
1. Someone in charge of a school.
2. Someone who is still at university studying for their first degree.
3. Someone who has successfully completed their first degree.
4. Someone responsible for courses in a private school.
5. Someone in the same class as you at school
6. Someone who teaches at a college or university.
7. Someone responsible for teaching a small group of students.
8. Someone with the highest academic position in a university.
6. Fill the gaps with an appropriate word from the list.
A (1) n . or (2) p .. is for children aged two to five. A (3) p .. includes (4) i . and lasts from the age of 5 to 11. In Britain, at the age of 9 some children go to (5) m . before going to (6) s ... Bright pupils sometimes go to (7) g .. after taking an examination, but most children go to a mixed ability (8) c A (9) p in England is private and parents pay for children to attend a (10) s is free.
7. Put the following story in the correct order.
aHer research is in international law.
bWhen she was at playschool, Maria played and had fun.
cAfter finishing her BA, she took a year off.
dIn her infant school, she began learning how to read and write.
eShe got into grammar school and did well in all subjects.
fWhen she was at junior school, she loved history.
gShe got a place at university to do law.
hShe graduated with a first-class degree.
iShe decided to do postgraduate work.
jIn the sixth form she studied A-level to get into university.