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The isolation of a grammatical form called...

a) Affixation

b) Lexicalization

c) Assimilation

d) Conversion

24. Define the three components closely connected with the meaning of the word “house”

a) the sound -form [houm], the contexts, the morpheme

b) the sound -form [haus], the concept, the stem

c) the sound - form [haus], the concept, the referent

d) the sound - form [bildiŋ] the lexical meaning, the referent

23. The main types of wordmeaning are...

a) Lexical and Grammatical

b) Distributional and Grammatical

c) Denotational and Connotational

d) Differential and Lexical

Words associated in meaning are...

a)Shopping, chocolate, washing, cricket, sewing

b) Television, discotheque, radio, carnival, amusement

c) Grocery, football, newspaper, basketball, tea

d) Candies, rugby, volley-ball, tennis, hockey


27. The specific subgroup of literary (bookish) words which these words refer to:

“bon mot”, “apropos”, “pas”, “bouquet”

a) professionalisms

b) terms and scientific words

c) poetic words and archaisms

d) barbarisms

Similarity of meanings is ...

a) Metonymy

b) Metaphor

c) Hyperbole

d) Simile

The figure of speech expressing the affirmative by the negation of its contrary is called...

a) Hyperbole

b) Irony

c) Litotes

d) Euphemism

30. “It’s monstrous”, “I’d love to do it”, “It’s a nightmare”, “Haven’t seen you for ages”

a) Simile

b) Euphemism

c) Litotes

d) Hyperbole

31. Contiguity of meanings is ...

a) Metonymy

b) Repetition

c) Euphemism

d) Litotes

32. Define the stylistic device which is used in this sentence: “My one belief was that she was as hard as nails”

a) Epithet

b) Irony

c) Simile

d) Repetition

Define metaphor among this word - combinations

a) I saw the jury return, moving like underwater swimmers

b) George did not lose his presence of mind

c) I could do with a cup of tea

d) I hate troubling you

34. Define the stylistic device which is used in this sentence: “At any moment she might die; at any moment she might become Lady Timpany”

a) Metonymy

b) Hyperbole

c) Repetition (Syntactical parallelism)

d) Litotes

35. A wordbuilding process in which words are built by joining two or more stems together is called...

a) Composition

b) Conversion

c) Derivation

d) Affixation

36. The stem is ...

a) the word to which affixes are added

b) a word - building or word -forming morpheme

c) the part of the word to which word - building or word -forming affixes are added

d) a word - building morpheme preceding the root

37. Wordderivation and word - composition are two principal types of ...

a) Conversion

b) Affixation

c) Prefixation

d) Word -formation

A word — building process in which words are built by means of changing the paradigm is called...

a) Composition

b) Conversion

c) Derivation

d) Suffixation

Pick out derivatives

a) windowless, reason, visit, possible, thankful

b) blackness, individualize, resident, decide, wealth

c) defrost, forgettable, both, arm, immigrant

d) immemorial, rebuilt, decolonize, replace, interpreter

40. Define the group of words with the suffix “ful”, which adds the meaning “full of smth”

a) helpful, thankful, careful, painful

b) resourceful, useful, fearful, plateful,

c) hopeful, doubtful, plentiful, truthful

d) forgetful, spoonful, restful, handful


II variant

1. What does Lexicology study?

a) Lexicology studies the meaning of the word

b) Lexicology studies the outer sound-form of the word

c) Lexicology is the science of the word and vocabulary

d) Lexicology is the science of the word

2. The word is...

a) The principal and most important unit of the language system

b) The principal and basic unit of the language system

c) The object of thought correlated with a certain linguistic expression

d) The basic, chief and most important means of communication

3. The principal approaches to the study of language are...

a) Functional

b) Referential and Semantically

c) Morphological and historical

d) Synchronic and diachronic

4. Paradigm is...

a) The inner facet of the word, inseparable from its outer facet.

b) The system showing a word in all its word-forms

c) The meaning of the formal membership of a word expressed by the word’s form

d) The linguistic reflection of the concept the given word expresses and the basic properties of the thing the word denotes.

5. The paradigm of the word “to speak ” is...

a) To speak - speaks - spoke - have spoken - be speaking

b) To speak - speaks - spoke - spoken - speaking

c) To speak - speaks - spoke - have been spoken - had been speaking

d) To speak - will speak - spoke - has spoken - will be speaking

6. The paradigm of the noun “friend”...

a) Friend -friend’s - friends - friends’

b) Friend -friends - friend’s - friends’

c) Friend -friend’s - friends’-friends

d) Friend -friend’s - my friend - friends - my friends - friends’

7. The isolation of a grammatical form is called ...

a) Affixation

b) Assimilation

c) Lexicalization

d) Conversion


Date: 2016-01-14; view: 977

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