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The main approaches to the study of meaning are...

Phraseological units are...

a) ... motivated word - groups

b) ... non-motivated word - groups that cannot be freely made up in speech but are reproduced as ready - made units

c) ... epigrammatic sayings expressing popular wisdom, a truth or a moral lesson

d) ... phrases, the elements of which are always the same and make a fixed context for each other

The essential features of phraseological units are..

a) Expressiveness and idiomaticity

b) Imagination and stability

c) Stability of the lexical components and idiomaticity

d) Stability of the lexical components and motivation

4. Define the following phrases: “neither here not there”, “to know the way the cat is jumping”

a) set expressions

b) phraseological collocations

c) phraseological fusions

d) phraseological unities

5. Define “synonyms”

a) bow-bow; motherland-homeland

b) to expect - to wait for; model-pattern

c) difficult-hard; see-sea

d) equipment-facilities; slow-fast

The word is...

a) the basic, chief and most important means of communication

b) the object of thought correlated with a certain linguistic expression

c) the smallest two-facet language unit possessing both sound-form and meaning

d) the principal and basic unit of the language system

The principal approaches to the study of language are...

a) functional

b) synchronic and diachronic

c) morphological and historical

d) referential and semantically

 

8. What does Lexicology study?

a) Lexicology is the science of the word and vocabulary

b) Lexicology studies the meaning of the word

c) Lexicology studies the outer sound form of the word

d) Lexicology is the science of the grammatical and morphological structure of a language

Homonyms are...

a) Words different in meaning

b) Words identical in sound -form but different in meaning

c) Words identical both in sound - form and in spelling

d) Words identical in meaning but different in sound -form

10. Homonyms may be classified by the type of meaning into:

a) grammatical, lexical, graphic

b) semantic, lexical, lexico-grammatical

c) lexical, lexico-gramatical, graphic

d) lexical, lexico-grammatical, grammatical

Words identical in spelling (graphic form), but different both in their sound — form and meaning are called...

a) Homophones

b) Antonyms

c) Homographs

d) Perfect homonyms

Words identical both in spelling (graphic form) and in sound — form but different in meaning are called...

a) Homographs

b) Perfect homonyms

c) Homophones

d) Synonyms

Homonyms are...

a) perform-reform; right-wright; day-night

b) lead-lead; write-read; bow-bow

c) spring-summer; steel-steal; sun-moon

d) flat-flat; light-light; spring-spring

 

Homophones are...

a) not-knot; fast-fast; piece-peace

b) wind-to wind; scent-sent; back-back



c) night-knight; write-right; flower-flour

d) buy-bye; tear-to tear; light-light

Words belonging to the same part of speech, different in sound - form with contrasted meanings, identical in style are...

a) Homonyms

b) Antonyms

c) Synonyms

d) Homophones

Expensive — cheap; correct - wrong; to continue - to stop

a) Synonyms

b) Lexical sets

c) Homonyms

d) Antonyms

Morpheme is ...

a) A language unit in all its forms

b) The semantic nucleus of a word with which no grammatical properties of the word are connected

c) The smallest two-facet language unit possessing both sound -form and meaning

d) A two-facet language unit possessing meaning

18. The meaning ofthe orderand arrangement of morphemes making up the word is

a) Distributional

b) Lexical

c) Functional

d) Differential

19. Words with the differentialmeaning are ...

a) tolerable, tolerance, tolerant, notion, distort

b) hearty, heartless, sweetheart, heartbroken, hearten

c) childish, agreement, actor, heartily, heartless

d) charitable, charity, courage, dishearten, involve

Paradigm is...

a) the inner facet of the word, inseparable from its outer facet

b) the meaning of the formal membership of a word expressed by the word’s form

c) the system showing a word in all its word forms

d) the linguistic reflection of the concept the given word expresses and the basic properties of the thing the word denotes

21. The paradigm of the word “to know” is ...

a) to know - knows - have been known - had been knowing

b) to know - knows - had known - have been knowing

c) to know - will know - has known - will be knowing

d) to know - knows - knew - known - knowing

The main approaches to the study of meaning are...

a) Syntactical

b) Semantically

c) Referential and Functional

d) Synchronic and diachronic


Date: 2016-01-14; view: 1342


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