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Define the lexicalization of a grammatical form

a) Coat - coats

b) Farmer - farmers

c) Blow – blows

d) Look – looks


9. Semasiology...

a) ... is the branch of Lexicology that is devoted to the study of meaning

b) ...is the branch of Lexicology that is devoted to the study of meaning, different styles of speech and stylistic expressive means

c) ... is the branch of Lexicology which studies the morphological structure of language

d) ... studies many peculiarities that we find in the English vocabulary

10. The main approaches to the study of meaning are...

a) Syntactical

b) Referential and Functional

c) Synchronic and Diachronic

d) Semantically

11. Define the three components closely connected with the meaning of the word “lamp”

a) The sound -form [lˈæmp], the context, the morpheme

b) The referent, the concept, the sound-form [lˈæmp]

c) The sound -form [lˈæmp], the concept, the stem

d) The sound -form [lˈæmp], the concept, the referent

12. The main types of word — meaning are

a) Denotational and Connotational

b) Distributional and Grammatical

c) Lexical and Grammatical

d) Differential and Lexical

13. The specific subgroup of literary (bookish) words which these words refer to: “teletype”, “genocide”, “renaissance”

a) Professionalisms

b) Poetic words and archaisms

c) Terms and scientific words

d) Barbarisms

14. The specific subgroup of literary (bookish) words which these words refer to: “aught”, “ere”, “fare”, “tarry”, “nay”

a) Barbarisms

b) Poetic words and archaisms

c) Terms and scientific words

d) Professionalisms

 

15. Words associated in meaning are...

a) Cleaning, shopping, washing, sewing, knitting

b) Television, discotheque, radio, newspaper, tea

c) Grocery, football, magazine, basket - ball. Coffee

d) Candies, rugby, volley - ball, tennis, sugar, hockey

16. Morpheme is...

a) The smallest two - facet language unit possessing sound -form

b) The smallest two - facet language unit possessing both sound -form and meaning

c) A language unit in all its forms

d) A two - facet language unit possessing meaning


17. The meaning of the order and arrangement of morphemes making up the word is...

a) Differential

b) Functional

c) Lexical

d) Distributional

18. The semantic component that serves to word to a certain part of speech is..

a) Lexical

b) Functional

c) Distributional

d) Differential

19. Similarity of meanings is ...

a) Epithet

b) Metonymy

c) Metaphor

d) Simile

20. The figure of speech expressing the affirmative by the negation of its contrary is called...

a) Litotes

b) Irony

c) Hyperbole

d) Euphemism

21. “It’s monstrous”, “I’d love to do it”, “It’s a nightmare”, “Haven’t seen you for ages”

a) Euphemism

b) Hyperbole

c) Simile

d) Litotes

22. Contiguity of meanings is ..

a) Metaphor

b) Epithet

c) Metonymy

d) Euphemism

23. In the following examples metaphors are based on ... (“the head of the school”, “the key to a mystery”)...



a) Similarity of meaning

b) Similarity of shape

c) Similarity of position

d) Similarity of function

24. In the following examples “foot of a page” “foot of a mountain” “metaphors are based on...

a) Similarity of shape

b) Similarity of position

c) Similarity of meaning

d) Similarity of function

 

 

25. Define the stylistic device which is used in the following words and expressions: Wall Street, the White House, tweed, volt, bikini, china.

a) Metaphor

b) Litotes

c) Metonymy

d) Epithet

26. Define the stylistic device which is used in the following sentences: “I could do with a cup of tea”, “not bad”, “rather decent”

a) Litotes

b) Simile

c) Hyperbole

d) Irony

27. Define metaphor among these word — combinations

a) I saw the jury return, moving like underwater swimmers

b) I could do with a cup of tea

c) George did not lose his presence of mind

d) I hate troubling you

28. Define the stylistic device which is used in this sentence: “At any moment she might die; at any moment she might become Lady Timpany”

a) Metonymy

b) Hyperbole

c) Litotes

d) Repetition ( Syntactical parallelism)

29. This stylistic device expresses an individual emotionally colored attitude of the speaker (writer) to the object described

a) Metaphor

b) Epithet

c) Metonymy

d) Hyperbole

 

Homonyms are...

a) Words identical in sound -form, but different in meaning

b) Words identical in sound -form and meaning

c) Words different in meaning

d) Words identical in meaning, but different in sound -form

Homonyms are...

a) Perform - reform; right - Wright; day -night

b) Flat -flat; light - light; spring - spring

c) Lead - lead; write - read; bow - bow

d) Spring - summer; steel - steal; sun - moon


Date: 2016-01-14; view: 877


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