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How to Optimize Learning With a Transcript


  • Now letís get to work on the transcript.
  • On the left we have the transcript. The vocabulary and cultural references are in green , and there are also some pronunciation examples in red that weíll pay attention to.
  • The right side of the screen represents the notes that you would take as you go through this exercise independently. I will compile the vocabulary we cover here.
  • So letís get started with Joeyís first line:
  • Joey: guess whoís in an audition for a broadway musical.
  • If you watch Friends, you know that Joey is an actor. So, an audition is a test for a role in a performance or play. So Joey has an acting audition.
  • You may have heard of Broadway, a famous street in NY with lots of musicals, performances with a big part of the dialogue in singing.
  • The humor is that Joey is obviously talking about himself, and Chandlerís is being sarcastic.


  • Joey: Itís a musical version of a Tale of Two Cities.Ē
  • So what does TALEmean?In this case, a TALE means a STORY. And what is A Tale of Two Cities?
  • Although Joey doesnít know this, itís a famous book by Charles Dickens published in 1835.
  • Joey: So I think Iím gonna sing New York, New York and ah, oh, I Left My Heart in San Francisco
  • Again, cultural references to American songs. New York, New York is a song by famous singer Frank Sinatra, and I Left My Heart in New York by Tony Bennett.
  • The humor is in the fact that Joey totally misunderstood the title of the musical.
  • Ross: Mr. Dickens gets to pick them.
  • Mr. Dickens is the author of A Tale of Two Cities Charles Dickens.
  • Chandler: Iíll get you the Cliff Notes.
  • Cliff Notes is a company that provides summaries of literary works also known as abridgements so, Cliff Notes and abridgement are synonyms, which is why it is so funny, because Joey, who is not so smart , doesnít know either of these words.




  • Now Iíll teach an important native pronunciation technique that is very powerful for your speaking.
  • Watching TV series is going to help you dramatically with your listening, AND speaking to some extent, but to really optimize your pronunciation, is an incredible accent reduction technique that, when practiced with repetition, will help you strengthen your mouth, tongue, and muscles of articulation, and little by little learn to imitate native speakers.
  • So what is MIMICRY? Itís when you closely imitate a native speaker. Not reading the word how itís written but how we really speak. This is particularly powerful with fast speaking connected speech like Chad taught in the last lesson. Today Iím going to show you exactly how with the TV series, Friends.


  • Ross here gives us an excellent example of connected speech and the listening/ pronunciation technique Chad taught in the last video.
  • Take a second to imitate Ross with me- Ross: Mr. Dickens gets to pick them x 3
  • itís NOT MISTER-DICKENS-GETS-TO-PICK-THEM- natives donít speak that way, which doesnít flow and can sound robotic.. Itís:ďMr. Dickens gets-tuh-pick-em.Ē


  • Okay, now the second example with Chandler. Letís listen, and try our best to imitate him- Chandler: Iíll get you the cliff notes x 3
  • Again, we donít say IíLL GET YOU THE CLIFF NOTES.we say ďall getcha the cliff notes.Ē
  • Hereís a tip, often when a word ends with a T and the next one starts with a Y, as ďGet You,Ē connected speech causes us to reduce them and add a ďchuhĒ sound. getchais just one common example.
  • Got you commonly becomes gotcha while what you becomes whatcha.
  • Now letís watch this scene one more time and see how weíve progressed. This time, on the right hand side weíre going to follow the transcript with the blue box up top, and the definitions, notes, and vocabulary with the pink box below.


Date: 2016-01-14; view: 754

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