Overall it took us three days to complete and I think it would have turned out a lot better if we had made a foundation first before starting.
HOW TO MANAGE THE MANAGERS
There are many aspects to the job of a manager and there is no complete agreement as to what exactly constitutes the job of a manager. Managers are charged with responsibility of taking actions that will make it possible for individuals to make their best contributions to group objectives.
A manager and his work collective must become partners. Managers and employees must be equally interested in the fruits of their labor.
In a result-oriented management the key thing is not to issue instructions but to get results. That's why a manager's pay should be linked to the performance of the enterprise where he works. If a factory produces more, a manager's pay should increase. If the production plan is not met, then a manager must be penalized along with the workers he supervises. About 40 or 50 per cent of a manager's monthly pay should depend on the end result of the enterprise. If the result is poor and the manager doesn't get the full pay for a few months running he must leave his office. New people should come instead. It'll be a natural selection of a manager's staff when people with better knowledge, more expertise and truly original thinking will come to management.
Leadership is an important issue of managership: the ability to lead effectively is one of the keys to being an effective manager. Doing the entire managerial job demands that a manager is an effective leader. We define leadership as influence; the art of process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly and enthusiastically toward the achievement of group goals. There are three main leadership styles, classified on the basis of how leaders use their authority: autocratic, democratic and free-rein leader. The autocratic leader is defined as one who commands and expects compliance, who is dogmatic and positive, and who leads by the ability to withhold or give rewards and punishment.
The democratic, or participative, leader consults with subordinates on proposed actions and decisions and encourages participation from them. This type of leader is seen as ranging from the person who doesn't take action without subordinates' concurrence to the one who makes decisions but consults with subordinates before doing so.
The free-rein leader uses his or her power very little, if at all, giving subordinates a high degree of independence, or free rein, in their operations. Such leaders depend largely on subordinates to set their own goals and the means of achieving them, and they see their role as one of aiding the operations of followers by giving them the necessary information and acting primarily as a contact with the group's external environment.
Task 1. Match the words on the left (1-9) with their equivalents on the right (a-i).
1. factory a) results of work
2. work collective b) staff
3. partners c) productivity
4. fruits of labor d) salary'
5. instructions e) to raise
6. performance f) plant
7. pay g) directions
8. to increase h) to fine
9. to penalize i) colleague
Task 2. Complete the sentences below.
1. A manager and his staff must become...
2. Managers and employees must be equally interested in....
a) The results of their cooperation
b) The bankruptcyof their enterprise
c) Their salary
3. A manager's pay should be linked to...
a) The Director's salary
b) The common staff salary
c) The performance of their enterprise
4. If a factory produces more, a manager's pay should...
c) Remain unchanged
5. It'll be……………..when people with better knowledge, more expertise and truly original thinking will come to management.
b) A natural selection of a managerial staff.
Task 3. Answer the following questions:
1. What relationship should be built between Management and staff?
2. How should the work of a manager be assessed (оцениваться)?
3. Should a manager fill in the vacancy on a competitive basis?
4. Why is it essential to manage the managers?
to assess - оценивать
to compete – конкурировать, соревноваться
Task 4. What is most important for a true manager? Rank the words listed below.
....adaptability to change
... .gift from the God
... .life experience
Task 5. Give an extensive answer to the following questions:
What business and personal qualities do you appreciate in a manager?