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Seminar 5. Ukraine at the beginning of the 19th c.

April 29, 1882 – Werner von Siemens presents the first trolleybus in the world in Berlin (“Elektromote”)

Werner von Siemens rebuilt an open hunting carriage so that it could move without horses or rails. The vehicle, which was to make history under the name of “Elektromote,” was provided with electric power via an overhead line. A small eight-wheel contact vehicle moving along this bipolar cable served as a current collector. It had to be separately weighted in order not to topple off the overhead line. The contact vehicle was connected with the carriage by two flexible copper cables. These ran down a wooden mast mounted on the carriage to the two main current engines beneath the driver’s seat, which drove the back wheels via steel chains; a functioning differential had not yet been developed.

However, the “Elektromote” never progressed beyond the initial stages, in spite of the fact that in October 1881 Werner von Siemens obtained permission from the city of Berlin to build a test route for the vehicle – although with the injunction that he “must kindly ensure the necessary precautions are taken to prevent of any accidents as a result of the operation of the steam engine (for generating electricity) and the road vehicle.”



electric power-


bipolar cable-





Seminar 5. Ukraine at the beginning of the 19th c.

1. Social and economic situation on the territory of Ukraine at the beginning of the 19th century.

2. Political developments:

a) the Napoleonic invasion;

b) the Decembrist uprising;

c) the Polish uprising of 1830. The growth of national consciousness.

3. The brotherhood of Sts. Cyril and Methodius.

4. T. G. Shevchenko and his role in the spiritual revival of Ukraine.

5. The growth of national consciousness in Western Ukraine.



to lose political autonomy [ɔ:’tɒnəmɪ]  
to carry out a policy [’pɒləsɪ]
province [’prɒvɪns]
to be founded [faʋndid]
governor [’gʌv(ə)rnə]
to appoint [ə’pɔɪnt]
administrative and executive power [ əd’mɪnɪstrəɪtɪv]
judicial power [dʒu:'dɪʃl]
city/town council [’kaʋnsl]
councilor [ˈkaʊns(ə)lə]
merchant [’mə:tʃ(ə)nt]
artisan [,a:tɪˈzæn]
petty bourgeoisie [‚bʋəʒwɑ:’zi:]


Tasks for individual work

  1. Point out the historical importance of the division of Poland in the 18th c.
  2. Characterize the national movement for independence in Galicia in the 1st half of the 19th c.
  3. Characterize the Ukrainian Hromad’s movement in Ukraine in the 2nd half of the 19th c.
  4. Taras Shevchenco and his role in the formation of the state.


Compulsory literature


1. Orest Subtelny History of Ukraine. – New York 1990p. 179-211

2. Mykhaylo Hrushevsky History of Ukraine – essay p.11-14

3. www.infoukes.com

4. www.ozemail.com

5. www.uahistory.com

6. www.brama.com

Date: 2015-01-02; view: 1036

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