1. He has travelled a lot.
2. He has never been to Astana.
3. He has always wanted to have a car.
4. We have already done our work.
5. They have just finished the text.
6. I haven’t seen him this week (lately, for the last few days, etc.
7. I’ve known him since 1947 (I was a child; I came here, etc.)
The Past Perfect Tense
1. By three o’clock yesterday he had arranged everything for the trip.
2. He said that they had left Astana a week before.
3. He told me that she had known him since 1962.
4. When we arrived at the stadium, the match had already started.
5. As soon as (when, after) they had finished breakfast the children run out to play.
6. He had not want to go to the cinema because he had seen the film on TV.
The Future Perfect Tense
1. They will have done their work by seven o’clock.
2. By this time tomorrow he will have crossed the channel and will be in England.
3. In 2003 he will have lived in Astana for twenty years.
4. By the time you come back, he’ll have been here for two hours.
Give the three forms of the following verbs and translate them into Kazakh.
a) to repeat, to translate, to study, to answer, to discuss, to receive, to ask, to wash, to play, to stop, to decide, to dress, to love, to use, to open, to revise, to finish.
b) to read, to take, to do, to begin, to give, to see, to spend, to make, to tell, to leave, to meet, to send, to hear, to find, to know, to put, to wake up.
c) to go, to sit, to come, to get to, to be, to think, to speak.
Read and translate the following sentences.
1. The opened book is not English. 2. The work done by those students is very interesting. 3. The given formula is correct. 4. You must rewrite and read the words written on the blackboard. 5. This translated story is very interesting. 6. The stories translated by us were very difficult. 7. The students will show their friends from Canada old houses built many centuries ago and new beautiful houses. 8. The translation made without a dictionary was very good. 9. The method used is important for the experiments.
Choose the correct form of the Participle.
1. I enjoyed the book. It was very interested / interesting . 2. They were shocked/ shocking when they story heard the news. 3. He thought the story was amused/ amusing. 4. I was worried/ worrying when she didn't come home. 5. It was surprised / surprising that she didn't come to the station. 6. I usually find hockey rather bored/ boring. 7. Are you interested / interesting in biology? 8. She was far too frightened / frightening to call. 9. Paralyzed / paralyzing with terror he did not know what to do. 10. Jane will be disappointed/ disappointing if she fails the exam.
Join following pairs of sentences substituting the Past Perfect for the Past Simple in one of the clauses according to the sense. Make use of the conjunctions: after, before, when, till, until.
Pattern: They came. She finished her work. They came after she had finished her work.
1. The children returned from school, mother cooked dinner. 2. They went for a walk. It stopped raining. 3. The frosts began she made winter things for her children. 4. I waited she did the room. 5. He took his bath. His wife laid the table for breakfast. 6. Nick left for school Nelly was ready. 7. The children fell asleep. The parents came back from the pictures. 8. Mother waited. The children went to the skating – rink. 9. The bell rang. He went to bed. 10. She called on them. They went to the pictures. 11. They came to the skating- rink. The snow began. 12. It grew dark. The children went home.