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In the past, Americans used to think of the United States as a "melting pot" of immigrants.

Today, Americans realize that the simple "melting pot" theory is less true. Instead, different groups of people keep many of their old customs. Often groups of Americans from the same culture band together. They live together in distinctive communities, such as "Chinatowns" or "Little Italys" - areas populated almost exclusively by Americans of a single ethnic group - which can be found in many large American cities. Living in ethnic neighborhoods gives new Americans the security of sharing a common language and common traditions with people who understand them.

In time, however, people from different backgrounds mix together. They also mix with native-born Americans. Old traditions give way to new customs. The children of immigrants are often eager to adopt new, American ways. They often want to dress in American fashions, to speak English and to follow American social customs. By one estimate, about 80 percent of European immigrants marry outside their own ethnic groups by the time they reach the third generation. Third generation means that their great-grandparents were immigrants. Yet as successive generations become more "Americanized," they often retain significant elements of their ethnic heritage.

Future success in raising the economic level of blacks and other minorities depends largely on the growth of the economy. When economic life falters, group conflict and prejudice increase. This is because people see themselves as competing for the same scarce resources, such as jobs.

The American economy is undergoing an historic transformation. Traditional industrial jobs are being lost to other countries. The recent enormous growth of jobs has been concentrated in service sectors. Many of these jobs require skills beyond the level of many ethnic minority members.

Many people are also trapped by poverty in the central areas of large cities, where few new jobs are being created. The social demoralization of some ethnic minorities is also a barrier that keeps them from taking advantage of actual opportunities that are available to them.

The social drama of the struggle for equality and acceptance will continue as it has for over 300 years. As always, the leading roles in this drama will be played by ethnic groups, old and new.

Although there is sometimes friction and ill-feeling between new immigrants and people whose families have been Americans for generations, most Americans welcome newcomers. There is a popular feeling that immigrants have made America great and that each group has something to contribute. When President Bush signed the 1990 Immigration Act into law, he declared that its liberalized provisions would be "good for America."




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2. An A to Z of the British Life, Dictionary of Britain, Adrian Room, Oxford University Press, 1990

3. Background to Britain, Munro Mackenzie

4. Bottoms Up! Nix-Riederer, Verlag Gehlen

5. Britain Explored, Paul Harvey

6. Britain Today, Richard Musman

7. Britain. The Country and Its Peope, James ODriscol, Oxford University Press,1996

8. British Customs and Traditions, brochure London, Commercial Color Press, London, 1996

9. Customs and Traditions (booklet)

10.Customs, traditions and festivals of Great Britain, Khimunina T. Leningrad, Prosveshcheniye, 1977

11.English for Technical Schools, Millier (English fur Beruftiche Shulen), Girardet, Essen

12.English for the Teacher, Mary Spratt, Cambridge University Press, 1994

13.Great Britain, brochure, London, 1995

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15.Headway Advanced, Liz and John Soars, Oxford University Press

16.Headway Intermediate, Liz and John Soars, Oxford University Press

17.Headway Upper-Intermediate, Liz and John Soars, Oxford University Press

18.How to win friends and influence people, Dale Carnegie

19.Just the Job! Ch. Frank, Max Hueber Verlag

20.Keep Going 2 Cornelsen and Oxford University Press

21.More Than Words, J. Harmer and R. Rosner, Politics, Longman

22.Panorama of Great Britain, Baranovsky L.S., Kozikis D.D. Minsk, Vysheishaya Shkola, 1990

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24.Profile UK, Alan C McAllen

25.Speaking Personally, G.P.Ladusse

26.The World of English, Mark Farrel, Longman, 1995

27.Understanding Ideas. Advanced Reading Skills, M> Swan

28.Welcome to Britain, brochure Longman, London, 1994,

29.Welcome to Britain, Commercial Colour Press, London E7, England

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Educational program on specialty International Relations B020200


  Approved at the Scientific Council meeting of International Relations Department Protocol ___from ___________ 2013 . Dean of the Department _____K. N. Shakirov





Module 1 Political System of Great Britain

Third Year, English Brunch, Spring Semester, 3 credits


Lecturer (practical, seminars):

Leila Delovarova, Lecturer

Tel/ (2438927),

e-mail: delovarova@mail.ru

Room.: 208.


The aim and tasks of the course:



The aim of the course is to develop the necessary knowledge on Great Britain political system and skills on its features. The course aimed at formation of students' scientific conception of the laws and customs of creation and functioning of the political system of the UK at different stages of its historical development.

Competences (course results):

As a result of the course, the students should:

Know the of development process of British political system(UK) and specific features of its functioning;

Be able independently analyze the reasons on which its infancy and evolving political system of Great Britain;

Own methods of studying the evolution of UK political system.


Prerequisites: the study of the discipline is based on already acquired knowledge in the study of courses such as the History of Europe and America in New / Modern times the History of Great Britain, Culture, Science and Education of Great Britain.


Post-requisites: the knowledge getting during the course will be useful in the study of the following subjects: Consular Service of Foreign countries, the Diplomatic Documentation, UK Foreign Policy.



Week Topic Hours Points  
Module 1. the formation of the UK political system and its key features  
  Lecture 1. Introduction.    
Seminar 1. Key Features of British history and political system  
Lecture 2. British Constitution as the basis of the political system    
Seminar 2. The role of British Constitution sources of the Constitution key functions    
Lecture 3. British Parliament. Legislative branch of Britain. The structure of the parliament.    
Seminar 3. Modern British parliament (House of Lords and House of Representatives).    
IWS 1. Should Britain have the written Constitution (3 page Essay)    
Lecture 4. Queen as a Head of Executive brunch    
Seminar 4. The Queen and the Cabinet  
IWS 2. The Queen as a symbol of Monarchy    
  Lecture 5. The role of the Prime Minister in the formation and management of the Cabinet    
Seminar 5. Prime Minister as a executive brunch of UK  
IWS 3. Famous Prime Ministers of Great Britain, ppt.    
Lecture 6. Development and formation of the Conservative and Liberal parties. Conservative party. 4 (2)    
Seminar 6. Parliamentary fractions and the role of the leader of the parliamentary fraction. The growing influence of the Cabinet  
  Lecture 7. Development and formation of the Conservative and Liberal parties. Liberal party. (2)    
Seminar 7. British political parties (key functions and features).  
Midterm 1 British Constitution as a key element of political system (individual cons.)    
Module. 2 The functioning of British political system  
Lecture 8. Parliamentary elections in Great Britain    
Seminar 8. Formation of election system in GB    
Lecture 9. Voting systems in UK and US.    
Seminar 9. Main requirements for candidates  
IWS. 4. Voting in the regions of GB    
Lecture. 10. New trends in British political system    
Seminar 10. Moral requirements for Government officials in GB.  
IWS 5. Capacity and responsibility of British officials    
Lecture 11. The impact of changes in the context of globalization on government service on moral and etiquette of officials in GB.    
Seminar 11. Linkages of diplomacy, etiquette and Government service in GB  
  Lecture 12. Responsibility, corruption and effectiveness of government service in GB    
Seminar 12. Corruption cases in GB (ppt)  
Lecture13. The role of public opinion in the GB political system    
Seminar13. Political parties and lobby groups and public opinion  
  WIS 6. Globalization and political system of GB    
Lecture 14. Political system and Mass Media and Internet technologies in GB    
Seminar 14. The role of Mass Media and Internet technologies in GB political system.  
Lecture 15. The image of BG political system and Policy makers in the modern IR    
Seminar 15. The most popular British politicians and their role in crisis manement  
Midterm 2 Power Point presentation The British political system model as one of the successful one.    




Midterm 1 British Constitution as a key element of political system (individual cons.)


Midterm 2 Power Point presentation The British political system model as one of the successful one.


List of literature


  1. "List of all parties standing at the 2005 election". Archived from the original on 9 March 2006.
  2. "List of parties that stood candidates in the 2001 general elections". Archived from the original on 25 September 2006.
  3. Electoral Commission: Database of Registers, includes Register of Political Parties
  4. Links to UK political websites from the BBC
  5. NSD: European Election Database - UK
  6. . . , .: -, 2005 .
  7. .., .. How Do You Do, Britain!
  8. : : : 2006
  9. .. ߻
  10. : , 2001.
  11. England and the English, 2005.
  12. , , : Ļ 1999 .
  13. ,: - 2001.
  14. .. , : - 2000.

15. BRAHAM, HENRY J. justices and Presidents: A Political History of Appointments to the Supreme Court, 2nd ed., Oxford Universiti Press, 1985

16. BOIVEN, CATHERINE D. Miracle at Philadelphia: The Story of the Constitutional Comention, May to September 1787, Little, Brown and Co., 1986

17. BUSH, ROD, ed. The New Black Vote: Politics and Power in Four American Cities, Synthesis Publications, 1984

18. VRIEDMAN, LAWRENCE M American Law: An Introduction, W.W. Norton and Co., Inc., 1985


1. FRISCH, MORION J., American political Thought: The Philosophic Dimension of American Statesmanship, 2nd., ed., F.E.Peacock Publishers, Inc., 1983 GALAMBOS, LOUIS, ed.

2. Britain 2004. An Official Handbook.- London, 2004

3. Britain: Aspects of Political and Social Life / Ed. Dorothea Siegmund Schultze.- Leipzig, 1985

4. Bromhead P. Life in Modern Britain/ - London. 1993

5. ELAZAR, DANIEL J. American Federalism: A View from the States, 3rd ed., Harper and Rev, 1984

6. EPSTEIN, DAVID F. The Political Theory of The Federalist, University of Chicago Press, 1984

7. EPSTEIN, LEON Political Parties in the American history, University of Wisconsin Press, 1989

8. Les constitutions de la France de 1789a 1870.- Documents detudes. 1-18.-P.: La Documentation francaise, 1988


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