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Geography of English speaking countries


India, being a vast country does not fit into any one zone. It can be divided mainly into four climatic zones namely Alpine), Subtropical, Tropical and Arid().

 

Alpine Zone: This climate zone can be experienced in the high altitudes) of Himalayas (). Different types of climatic zones can be seen in this region on different altitudes. If on the foothills) occur subtropical climate there is Alpine Tundra Zone to greet you on the higher altitudes.

Sub Tropical: This zone is prevalent () in most of the northern part of India. It can be called as the typical Indian climate. Summers are hot and wet while in winter temperature may drop down to freezing point in higher ranges. Rainfall() is common in summer season whereas winters are cold and dry

Tropical: It can be divided into two Tropical Wet Monsoon) and Tropical Dry. The characteristics of Tropical Wet Monsoon include average temperature, which normally does not fall below 18 degrees and frequent rainfall. In Tropical Dry type rainfall is not so common.

Arid: High temperature and low rainfall are marked features of this climatic() zone. It is prevalent) in western part of the country. Very hot summers are typical for this climate zone.

The next thing thing I would like to tell you about is vegetation of India. The Flora of India is one of the richest of the world due to a wide range of climate and environments in the country. It is thought there are over 15000 species of flowering plants in India,which account for 6 percent of the total plant species in the world, and 47000 species of plant species.[1] and probably many more species.

Banyan is the National Tree of India. India's medicinal () are no less diverse() .Aloe vera ( , banyan (Bodhi tree), banana () are some of the plants that holds special cultural and religious significance in India.

What about wildlife of india I would like to say that Many of the mammals(), birds, reptiles () are unique to India. India is the place that simply offers large variety of animal and bird-life. India holds for about 400 species of mammals and 1200 species of birds. To get the fascinating experience of the rich wildlife go through the different National Parks and Wildlife sanctuaries in India. In totality India is the home to 80 National Parks and 440 Wildlife Sanctuaries. From the famous Royal Bengal ()Tiger and the wild elephants to the fascinating Neelgai(), India is the land of large number of species of animals.

 

Ranging from the most beautiful Indian Peacock () and melodious singing bird Cuckoo- the Koel to the world's tallest flying bird Sarus Crane India is the land of so many alluring) varieties of birds.

India has a large number of economically useful minerals and they constitute one-quarter of the world's known mineral resources. About two-thirds of its iron deposits ( ) lies in India.

geoMiddle();

India has the world's largest deposits of coal(



Next to Russia, India has the largest supply of Manganese )) Chromite () deposits Bauxite(deposits are found ther too/

India also produces third quarters of the world's mica(

Gold mines, diamonds are also can be found there.

 

Geography of English speaking countries

 

Canada

Canada has a very large and diverse range of geographic features. Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 2 territories. Canada stretches from the Pacific Ocean on the west, to the Atlantic Ocean on the east. Northern Canada reaches into the Arctic Circle, while southern Canada stretches below the northern points of the United States. Canada has a very small population, 28 million people, for its geographic size. Much of Canada is still wilderness, cover by forests. The Rocky Mountains cover a major part of western Canada -- British Columbia, the Yukon Territory, and the western part of Alberta. West-central Canada is mostly prairie, consisting of large grain farms. The east-central part of Canada are the provinces of Ontario and Quebec. These are major population and industrial areas. The Maritime provinces on the east coast rely very heavily on the Atlantic Ocean for their way of life.

The majority of Canada is still wilderness. This makes Canada a popular spot for hunting and fishing. Niagara Falls is one of Canada's best known tourist attractions. It is the largest falls in the world, measured in volume of water. Most of Canada's northern islands are located inside the Arctic Circle.

The industry varies as you look across Canada. British Columbia, on the west coast, has historically relied on natural resources such as mining and timber. Manufacturing is now becoming much more important to the economy. Alberta has benefited from considerable natural resources including oil and natural gas. It is also rich in minerals such as zinc, silver, nickel and uranium. The prairie provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and parts of Alberta produce more than 20% of the world's wheat. Other forms of farming and cattle also contribute to the economy. Ontario and Quebec are the industrial center of Canada. They have a wide variety of manufactured goods. The lower part of Ontario also has very rich farm land, with many orchards. This Niagara area is also known for its wine production. The maritime provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland rely heavily on fishing and natural resources such as timber. Prince Edward Island is also well now for its potatoes.

 

Australia

Australia has a very dramatic landscape. Australia is famous for its "outback," the remote lands of the interior. The desert outback covers most of the interior. It is too hot, dry and barren to support many people. Eastern Australia has large areas of grasslands, used primarily for sheep and cattle ranches. Australia also has some mountainous areas and plateaus scattered throughout the country. The Blue Mountains, on the south-eastern end of Australia, get their name from the blue haze caused by oil droplets given off from the eucalyptus trees. As an island, Australia also has many beautiful coastal beaches. Sydney, Australia Over 70% of Australians now live in cities or towns. Most of this population lives in the eastern and southern coasts, and around Perth in the west.

Kangaroo Australia is home to many animals not found anywhere else in the world. Shark Off the northeast coast of Australia is the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is over 1,200 miles of coral. It has developed over the last million years, and is now the largest living structure in the world.

Australia's major industries are mining and farming. Mining includes bauxite, coal, copper, gold and iron ore. Most of the land is too dry for planting crops, although some areas do grow sugarcane, grapes and wheat. The grape vineyards help to support a growing wine industry. Australia is probably best known for its sheep farming. Large numbers of sheep are raised for their wool and meat. There is also some cattle ranching to provide meat.In addition, Australia's climate and dramatic scenery have made tourism a major industry.

 

New Zealand

New Zealand consists of a number of different islands with varying climates. Most of the country has mild temperatures with high rainfall. The mountains however, can be extremely cold.The main portions of the country are the North and South islands that are separated by the Cook Strait. The North Island is consists of low, volcanic mountains. Because of its volcanic past, the North Island features hot springs and geysers. The South Island contains the Southern Alps-a northeast-southwest oriented mountain range covered in glaciers. Its highest peak is Mount Cook, also known as Aoraki in the Maori language, at 12,349 ft (3,764 m). To the east of these mountains, the island is dry and made up of the treeless Canterbury Plains. On the southwest, the island's coast is heavily forested and jagged with fjords. This area also features New Zealand's largest national park, Fiordland.

One of the largest industries in New Zealand is that of grazing and agriculture. From 1850 to 1950, much of the North Island was cleared for these purposes and since then, the rich pastures present in the area have allowed for successful sheep grazing. Today, New Zealand is one of the world's main exporters of wool, cheese, butter and meat. Additionally, New Zealand is large producer of several types of fruit, including kiwi, apples and grapes. In addition, industry has also grown in New Zealand and the top industries are food processing, wood and paper products, textiles, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, mining and tourism.

South Africa
South Africa is divided into three major geographic regions. The first is the African Plateau in the country's interior. It forms a portion of the Kalahari Basin and is semiarid and sparsely populated. It slopes gradually in the north and west but rises to 6,500 feet (2,000 m) in the east. The second region is the Great Escarpment. Its terrain varies but its highest peaks are in the Drakensberg Mountains along the border with Lesotho. The third region are the narrow, fertile valleys along the coastal plains. The climate of South Africa is mostly semiarid; but, its eastern coast regions are subtropical with mainly sunny days and cool nights. South Africa's west coast is arid because the cold ocean current Benguela, removes moisture from the region which has formed the Namib Desert that extends into Namibia. In addition to its varied topography, South Africa is famous for its biodiversity. South Africa currently has eight wildlife reserves, the most famous of which is Kruger National Park along the border with Mozambique. This park is home to lions, leopards, giraffes, elephants and hippopotamus. The Cape Floristic Region along South Africa's west coast is also important as it is considered a world biodiversity hotspot which is home to endemic plants, mammals and amphibians.

South Africa has a growing market economy with a plethora of natural resources. Gold, platinum and precious stones such as diamonds account for nearly half of South Africa's exports. Auto assembly, textiles, iron, steel, chemicals and commercial ship repair also play a role in the country's economy. In addition agriculture and agricultural exports are significant to South Africa.


Date: 2015-01-02; view: 1377


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