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On this page only Ex. 1 and on page 2 “Animal Quiz”. Be ready to translate all the words and pronounce them correctly!

Deutschland hat insgesamt neun Nachbarstaaten: Dänemark, Polen, Tschechien, Österreich, die Schweiz, Frankreich, Luxemburg, Belgien und die Niederlande. Damit ist es das Land mit den meisten europäischen Nachbarstaaten. Diese Mittellage prägte Deutschland und sein heutiges Gebiet nach Ansicht einiger Historiker nachhaltig. Der britische Historiker J. R. Seeley schrieb Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts, das Ausmaß an Freiheit in einem Gemeinwesen sei umgekehrt proportional zu dem Druck, den seine territorialen Nachbarn von außen darauf ausüben würden.[10] Joachim Fest sah 1968 die „besondere Psychologie eines Volks in bedrängter Mittellage“ als einen der Faktoren dafür, dass es im 18. und 19. Jahrhundert keine erfolgreiche Revolution in Deutschland gab, die eine belastbare, demokratische Tradition hätte begründen können.[11]

In den 1990er Jahren strichen Michael Stürmer, Gregor Schöllgen und Hagen Schulze die Bedeutung der Lage Deutschlands heraus: Sie habe „unübersehbare Folgen für Denken und Politik der Deutschen“ gehabt,[12] „Deutschlands Schicksal ist die Geographie“.[13] Es habe nur wenige Möglichkeiten gegeben: Entweder – wie im späten Mittelalter und der Frühen Neuzeit – sei Deutschland als schwaches kontinentales Zentrum Spielball seiner eigenen Teilstaaten und der Großmächte von der Peripherie des Kontinents gewesen; oder – wie imHochmittelalter oder vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg – habe es als Hegemon dem Kontinent seinen Stempel aufgedrückt oder versucht, es zu tun.[14] In diesem Sinne biete die Geographie eine Erklärung für den „deutschen Sonderweg“.

Diesem geographischen Determinismus wird vor allem von Sozialhistorikern wie Jürgen Kocka widersprochen, die darin eine Exkulpation der deutschen Eliten und ihresWeltmachtstrebens sehen, das in die Katastrophe des Ersten Weltkriegs geführt habe. Ausschlaggebend seien eher politische und soziale Faktoren

 

On this page only Ex. 1 and on page 2 “Animal Quiz”. Be ready to translate all the words and pronounce them correctly!


India, being a vast country does not fit into any one zone. It can be divided mainly into four climatic zones namely Alpine), Subtropical, Tropical and Arid().

 

Alpine Zone: This climate zone can be experienced in the high altitudes) of Himalayas (). Different types of climatic zones can be seen in this region on different altitudes. If on the foothills) occur subtropical climate there is Alpine Tundra Zone to greet you on the higher altitudes.

Sub Tropical: This zone is prevalent () in most of the northern part of India. It can be called as the typical Indian climate. Summers are hot and wet while in winter temperature may drop down to freezing point in higher ranges. Rainfall(ë) is common in summer season whereas winters are cold and dry

Tropical: It can be divided into two Tropical Wet Monsoon) and Tropical Dry. The characteristics of Tropical Wet Monsoon include average temperature, which normally does not fall below 18 degrees and frequent rainfall. In Tropical Dry type rainfall is not so common.



Arid: High temperature and low rainfall are marked features of this climatic() zone. It is prevalent) in western part of the country. Very hot summers are typical for this climate zone.

The next thing thing I would like to tell you about is vegetation of India. The Flora of India is one of the richest of the world due to a wide range of climate and environments in the country. It is thought there are over 15000 species of flowering plants in India,which account for 6 percent of the total plant species in the world, and 47000 species of plant species.[1] and probably many more species.

Banyan is the National Tree of India. India's medicinal () are no less diverse() .Aloe vera (Ýëåó , banyan (Bodhi tree), banana () are some of the plants that holds special cultural and religious significance in India.

What about wildlife of india I would like to say that Many of the mammals(), birds, reptiles () are unique to India. India is the place that simply offers large variety of animal and bird-life. India holds for about 400 species of mammals and 1200 species of birds. To get the fascinating experience of the rich wildlife go through the different National Parks and Wildlife sanctuaries in India. In totality India is the home to 80 National Parks and 440 Wildlife Sanctuaries. From the famous Royal Bengal (áåíÃîë)Tiger and the wild elephants to the fascinating Neelgai(ÍÈëãàè), India is the land of large number of species of animals.

 

Ranging from the most beautiful Indian Peacock () and melodious singing bird – Cuckoo- the Koel to the world's tallest flying bird Sarus Crane India is the land of so many alluring) varieties of birds.

India has a large number of economically useful minerals and they constitute one-quarter of the world's known mineral resources. About two-thirds of its iron deposits (çàïà÷û ÷åðíûõ ìåòàëëîâ) lies in India.

geoMiddle();

India has the world's largest deposits of coal(

Next to Russia, India has the largest supply of Manganese )) Chromite () deposits Bauxite(deposits are found theró too/

India also produces third quarters of the world's mica(

Gold mines, diamonds are also can be found there.

 


Date: 2015-01-02; view: 744


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