Syntactical expressive means and stylistic devices: COMPOSITIONAL PATTERNS OF SYNTACTICAL ARRANGEMENT
According to its place in the utterance (sentence) repetition is classified into several types:
1) anaphora:Should auld acquaintance be forgot
And never brought to mind?
Should auld acquaintance be forgot
And days of auld lang syne ? (Burns)
2) epiphora: / am exactly the man to be placed in a superior position in such a case as that.lam above the rest of mankind, in such acase as that.I can act with philosophy in such a case as that.(Dickens)
3) framing:Obviously - this is a streptococcal infection. Obviously.
4) catch repetition (anadiplosis): Now he understood. He understood many things.
5) chain: "To think better of it," returned the gallant Blandois, "would be to slight alady, to slight a lady would be to be deficient in chivalry towards the sex, and chivalry towards the sex is a part of my character." (D.)
6) ordinary repetition:
7) successive repetition: I wanted to knock over the table and hit him until my arm had no more strength in it, then give him the boot, give him the boot, give him the boot - I drew a deep breath. (J.Br.)
'Oh, No, John, No, John, No, John, No!'((òîò a folk song) And like a rat without a tail, Til do, I'll do, I'll do. (Shakespeare)
Alone, alone, all, all alone,
Alone on a wide, wide sea. (Coleridge)
Little Miss Muffet
She sar on a tuffet. (Nursery rhyme)
and also of later stylisations of the ballad character:
Ellen Adair she loved me well,
Against her father's and mother's will. (Tennison)
The skipper he blew a whiff from his pipe
And a scornful laugh laughed he. (Longfellow)
She has developed power, this woman — this — wife of his!
Oh, it's a fine life, the life of the gutter. (Shaw)
A variant of syntactic repetition is a syntactic parallelism:
The seeds ye sow — another reaps, The robes ye weave — another wears, The arms ye forge — another bears. (Shelley) Few of them will return to their countries; they will not embrace
our holy religion; they will not adopt our manners. (B. Franklin) There were real silver spoons to stir the tea with, and real china
cups to drink it out of, and plates of the same to hold the cakes.
prolepsis (syntactic tautology)
“Miss Tilly Webster, she slept forty days and nights without waking up. (O. H.)”
“My mother and sister, they went to the south last year.”
“Mother and I, we would drive into Helston once a week on market-days. It all seems very long ago”. (Daphne Da Maurier).
Ø logical climax:
“Like a well, like a vault, like a tomb, the prison had no knowledge of the brightness outside”. (Ch. Dickens).
He saw clearly that the best thing was a cover story or camouflage. As he wondered and wondered what to do, he first rejected a stop as impossible, then as improbable, then as quite dreadful.