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Linking Words/Phrases

Stale Verbs

State verbs are verbs which do not normally have continuous tenses because they describe a state rather

than an action. These include:

verbs expressing likes and dislikes:like, love, hate, dislike, can't stand, don't mind, prefer, enjoy, etc.

Thomas likesjazz music.

Note: Verbs expressing likes/dislikes take a nounor n -ing formafter them.

She can't stand cats.

He loves playih^ba^kefBaW.

verbs of perception:believe, know, notice, remember, forget, understand, think, etc.

/ don't understand the meaning of that word.

verbs of the senses:see, hear, feel, taste, look, smell, sound. We often use canor couldwith these verbs

when we refer to what we see, hear, etc., at the moment of speaking.

The cake tastesdelicious.

I can hearchildren's voices coming from the playground.

some other verbs:fit, contain, need, belong, cost, owe, mean, own, appear, want, have (= possess), etc.

This dress is very expensive. It costs£250.

Some state verbs have continuous tenses, but there is a difference in meaning.

1) / think she hbeds help. (= / believe ...)

2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7)

I'm thinking about buying a new car. (= I'm considering...)

This pasta tastesdelicious! (= This pasta has a delicious flavour.) He's tastingthe pasta. (= He's testing the flavour of...)

I can seea light in the distance. (= I can actually see ...) I'm seeing Tom this evening. (= I'm meeting...)

George looksvery tired. (= George appears to be...) John is lookingat an old map. (= John is studying...)

The kitchen always smellsof freshly baked bread. (= The kitchen always has the smell of...) Why isthe lady smellingthe perfume? (= Why is the lady sniffing ...)

This material feelssoft. (= This material has a soft texture...)

A: Why areyou feelingSam's forehead? (~ Why are you touching...)

B: Because I think he's got a temperature.

She has a beautiful old house. (= She owns/possesses ...) We are havingdinner. (= We are eating...)

Linking Words/Phrases

To join similar ideas or add more points we can use and (also), alsoor and ... as well.He's got brown hair andbrown eyes. He's alsogot fuli lips. She is polite and (also)generous. She is polite andgenerous as well.

'To join contrasting ideas or facts we can use but, howeveror on the other hand.

Susan is very generous. She can be a bit bossy. '

Susan is very generous butshe can be a bit bossy.

Susan is very generous. However/On the other hand,she can be a bit bossy.






There are a lot of scientific, pseudo-scientific and just funny methods to find out what sort of personality you have.

A) Methods listed below have been used to analyse people's characters for years. Match them with the pictures.

physiognomy, studying people's appearance tarot (reading cards) graphology (studying one's handwriting) astrology (studying the position of the stars, etc. when someone was born) e.g. Zodiac horoscope, , Oriental horoscope palmistry (reading and interpreting lines on one's palm)

B) One of the new funny methods to learn more about your character is "Your personality pig" technique given below. What to do:

Very quickly within five seconds draw a pig on a piece of paper. Don't worry about your style or lack of artistic talent, just do it without thinking about it.


What your personality pig means: If your pig is drawn...

towards the top of the paper, you are positive and optimistic.

towards the middle, you are realistic.

towards the bottom, you are pessimistic.

facing left, you believe in tradition, you are friendly and

remember dates.

facing right, you are innovative and active, but lack a strong

sense of family.

facing front, you are direct and neither fear nor avoid


many details, you are analytical and cautious.

few details means you are emotional and a risk-taker.

four legs showing, you are secure, stubborn and stick to your


less than four legs, you are insecure or going through

a period of major change.

the bigger the ears on your pig, the better listener you are!


C) Have you ever tried any of these methods? Which of them do you believe? Why?


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 944

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