1George 1) .. (live) in Kyiv for almost six months when his cousin Nick arrived from Georges native village in the Caucasus. George 2) .. (board) with a Ukrainian family since his arrival. He 3) .. (learn) a great deal about Ukrainian habits and customs and 4) .. (get) used to eating Ukrainian food. He 5) .. (have / not) many letters from home, however, and 6) .. (be) anxious for news of his family. Nick 7) .. (tell) him that his father 8) .. (be) quite ill for several weeks during the summer but that he 9) .. (recover) completely before Nick 10) .. (leave) the village.
2Professor Baker and Mrs. Baker knew each other when they 1) .. (be) children but they 2) .. (see / not) each other for six years when they 3) .. (meet) on a ship going to England. They 4) .. (go) to the same elementary school and the same high school but they 5) .. (choose) different colleges and they 6) .. (see / not) each other since their high school graduation. After renewing their acquaintance, they7) .. (start) to go together. After they 8) .. (go) together for three months, they 9) .. (get) married. That10) .. (be) more than forty years ago. They 11) .. (be) married for over forty years.
3Most of us in this course 1) .. (study / already) English for several years before we 2) .. (begin) to study at the institute. Many of us 3) .. (learn) to speak fluently, but we used to make a lot of mistakes. Since the beginning of the term we4) .. (try) to eliminate our mistakes and replace them with normal English patterns. During that time we5) .. (have) ample opportunity to practise sentence patterns and to ask about points of grammar which we didnt understand. Many of mistakes which we used to make we wont make any more, because we6) .. (establish) new habits. We 7) .. (master / not) all of the patterns yet, though. In future we 8) .. (be going) to keep right on practicing until we 9) .. (speak and write) as well in English as we do in our native languages.
4Right now we 1) .. (think) about our exams. A few weeks from now we 2) .. (take) them and we hope to do well. By the end of the term we 3) .. (work) hard for nineteen weeks and we will want to forget about studying a while and just relax and enjoy ourselves. By the end of June everyone 4) .. (leave) the hostel and spend the holiday somewhere else. Those of us who 5) .. (work) hard at our English will leave with the satisfaction that we 6) .. (learn) a lot, and with the knowledge that we still have a lot to learn.
5A dog once 1) .. (run) home carrying in his mouth a piece of meat which someone 2) .. (give) him. After he 3) .. (run) a few minutes, he 4) .. (grow) tired and 5) .. (lie) down on the grass to rest with his head on the bit of meat. Scarcely he 6) .. (lie) there five minutes, when a second dog, which 7) .. (follow) him all the time unseen, came up and made a rush for the meat. The first dog 8) .. (drive) him off and then 9) .. (continue) on his way. Soon he 10) .. (come) to a stream. He 11) .. (cross) it by a narrow bridge when he suddenly 12) .. (see) his own shadow in the water below. Thinking it was another dog with another bit of meat, he 13) .. (open) his mouth and 14) .. (snap) at the supposed treasure. The result was that he 15) .. (drop) the piece he 16) .. (carry) and so 17) .. (lose) all.
6When I 1) .. (be) twenty-one, I 2) .. (go) to England to study physics. At that time I 3) .. (know) English quite well because I 4) .. (study) it for nearly ten years. I 5) .. (already / finish) my studies at our University, so I 6) .. (know) quite a lot about physics.
I 7) .. (arrive) in England in October. I 8) .. (never / be) abroad, so everything in England 9) .. (interest) me very much. When I 10) .. (find) my college, and when I 11) .. (put) my luggage in my room, I went out to see Cambridge. I 12) .. (never / see) such a beautiful city before! I 13) .. (be / lost). After I 14) .. (walk) around for an hour, I 15) .. (decide) to ask a policeman the way. I 16) .. (find) one and 17) .. (tell) him that I 18) .. (lose) my way. He was very helpful. He 19) .. (tell) me the way to my college. During the past hour I 20) .. (walk) round in a circle, and I was quite near it again. I 21) .. (never / lose) my way before, and said to myself, I will never lose it again: I will get a map of Cambridge.
7When we 1) .. (come) to the beach, we 2) .. (find) that the tide 3) .. (sweep) away our boat although we 4) .. (fasten) it to a strong pole. We 5) .. (be obliged) to go back to the village and wait for the evening train. When the train already 6) .. (approach) we 7) .. (notice) that we 8) .. (leave) some of our things in the hut of the old fisherman. We 9) .. (rush) back to the sea-shore to fetch our things, but when we 10) .. (return) to the railway station, the train already 11) .. (go). The thing that 12) .. (remain) for us 13) .. (be) to spend the night in the village. We 14) .. (sleep) in an old barn full of new-mown hay. In the morning the voice of my companion 15) .. (awake) me. Get up, old chap. You 16) .. (sleep) long enough. When we 17) .. (get) out of the barn, it 18) .. (be) broad daylight, the sun 19) .. (shine) brightly and the grass 20) .. (glisten) in the morning dew.
8John1) .. (leave) the house in a rush this morning. As he 2) .. (drive) to work he suddenly 3) .. (remember) that he 4) .. (be / asked) to speak at a conference. He5) .. (look) at his watch and 6) .. (see) that it was nearly time for the conference to begin.
9Last March Sam 1) .. (decide) that he 2) .. (have) enough of working in a bank and that he3) .. (ride) around the world on a bicycle. He 4) .. (leave) England two weeks later with his bike, a rucksack and a tent. He 5) .. (be) away for six months now, and no one 6) .. (know) whether he 7) .. (return) or not.
10Jan and Paul 1) .. (argue) in the next room at the moment. It 2) .. (seem) that Paul 3) .. (come) in late night after he 4) .. (promise) Jan that he 5) .. (be) home in time for dinner. By the time he 6) .. (get) home, Jan 7) .. (give) his dinner to the dog and 8) .. (wait) by the window for two hours!
Ago: back in time from now (used with Past Simple) Ann left an hour ago.
Before: back in time from then. Tony told me that Ann had left an hour before. Before is also used with present or past forms to show that an action preceded another. Hell come before you leave. He had cooked dinner before she came home.
Already is used with Perfect tenses in mid or end position in statements or questions. He had already fixed the tap when the plumber arrived. Have you got dressed already?
Yetis used with Perfect tenses in negative sentences after a contracted auxiliary verb or at the end of the sentence. He hasnt yetcalled. He hasnt called yet. It can also be used at the end of questions. Have they arrivedyet?
Still is used in statements and questions after auxiliary verb or before the main verb. She can still dance well. Still comes before the auxiliary verb in negations. She still hasnt replied to my letter.