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V. to risk n. risk adj. risky

 

If you take a risk you do something which might be dangerous or have a negative result. However, there is also the possibility that a very positive thing will happen, and that is why we take risks.

Eg People take risks when they gamble, and do dangerous sports.

 

We use the verb risk to talk about something which might be lost if things go badly.

Eg You are risking your marriage by seeing that woman.

 

Q: Are you risking your health if you smoke heavily ?

A: Yes, you're risking your health if you smoke heavily.

 

Q: What illnesses do you risk getting ?

A: You risk getting lung cancer.

 

Q: Do you agree it’s impossible to succeed in business without taking risks?

A: Yes, I agree that it’s impossible to succeed in business without taking risks.

 

Q: What kind of risks have to be taken ?

A: I think you have to take some risks with your money.

 

Q: Are you generally willing or reluctant to take risks ?

A: I'm generally willing to take risks.

 

Q: When/why is it better to play safe ?

A: It's better to play safe if you're risking a lot.

 

Q: Do you think buying shares is a risky business ?

A: Yes, I think buying shares is a risky business.

 

Q: Can you think of any other examples ?

A: Having two girlfriends is a risky business.

 

Q: What kind of people risk their lives as part of their job ?

A: I think the soldiers and firefighters risk their lives.

 

Q: Do you find it exciting to take risks ?

A: Yes, I find it exciting to take risks.

 

Q: What kind of risks ?

A: When I'm gambling.

 

Q: Have you ever driven home after a couple of drinks ?

A: Yes, I have./Yes, I have driven home after a couple of drinks.

 

Q: Wasn’t that a bit risky ?

A: Yes, a little bit./Yes, it was a bit risky.

 

N. opportunity

 

An opportunity is a situation where you can do something that is not normally possible for you.
eg. I’m taking next week off, which will give me the opportunity to paint my kitchen.

 

Q: Do men and women have the same opportunities ?

A: No, I don't think they do but it's getting better.

 

Q: Do you believe in equal opportunities ?

A: Yes, of course./Yes, I believe in equal opportunities.

 

Q: What opportunities are there for ordinary people to express their opinions about politics ?

A: Ordinary people can express their opinions on politics by voting in an election.

 

Q: Which of the following were you given the opportunity to do at school ?
a. study other languages ? b. go swimming ? c. use the internet ?

A: I was given the opportunity at school to study other languages and go swimming.

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Unit 4


Q: Do you think rich people have more opportunities in life than poor people ?

A: Yes, I do./Yes, I think rich people have more opportunities in life than poor people.




Q: What kind of opportunities ?

A: I think they have more opportunities in their career.

 

Q: Have you ever wasted a good opportunity ?

A: Yes, I had the opportunity to work in Brasil once but I didn't take it.

N. chance

 

If something happens by chance, it is not planned but happens by accident.

 

eg. We hadn’t seen each other for years, but then we met by chance in the supermarket.

 

When we talk about the chance(s)of something happening, we mean how possible/likely it is.

 

eg. There’s a good chance that it will rain. = It is likely that it will rain this afternoon.

 

He’s got no chance of passing the exam, he never comes to the lesson.

England have been playing well, they have a chance of winning. = It is possible, but not very likely.

 

Q: Do you think most married couples first met each other by chance?

A: Yes, I do./I think most married couples first met each other by chance.

 

Q: In what kind of situations do they usually meet ?

A: I think they usually meet at work or in pubs.

 

Q: Have you ever found a really amazing place while you were on holiday?

A: Yes, on my last holiday I found a really amazing beach.

 

Q: Did you know about it beforehand, or did you just find it by chance?

A: I just found it by chance.

 

Q: If you toss a coin, what are the chances that it will be heads ?

A: If I toss a coin, the chances that it will be heads are fifty-fifty.

 

Q: What about tails ?*

A: Again, fifty-fifty.

 

Q: What are you country’s chances of:
a. winning the next World Cup ?

I think there's a good chance of winning the World Cup.

 

b. hosting a major sporting event ?

There's no chance of hosting a major sporting event.

 

Q: What chance would I have of getting a job in your country ?

A:I think you would have a very good chance of getting a job in my country.

 

Q: What are the chances of winning the lottery ?

A: I think the chances of winning the lottery are around 25 000 000 to 1.


Q: Why do so many people think they have a chance ?

A: Because somebody's got to win.

 

 

Chance can also be used to mean ‘risk’ or ‘opportunity’.

 

Q: How often do you get the chance to:
a. speak English with and English speaker ?

I get the chance to speak English with and English speaker every day at school.

 

b. have a lie-in ?

Once a week./I get the chance to have a lie-in once a week.

 

c. watch TV from your country ?

Not often./I don't get the chance to watch TV from my country very often.

 

Q: Do your teachers give you the chance to ask questions during the lesson ?

A: Yes, all the time./ Yes, teachers give me the chance to ask questions during the lesson.

 

'Take a chance' can also be used to mean 'take a risk'

 

Q: Do you think you have to take a few chances to achieve success in business ?

A: Yes, definitely./Yes, I think you have to take a few chances to achieve success in business.

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Unit 4

 

Q: In what kinds of situation do people take chances with their health and safety ?

A: People take chances with their health and safety when they do extreme sports.

 

Q: What chances are you willing to take with your life ?

A: I'm not willing to take any chances with my life.

 


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 902


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