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Grammar Suggestions and advice


1. Give advice to the people in the following situations. Use should or ought to.


1. Ann would like to make some new friends. - I think she should/ought to join some clubs to meet people with similar interests.

2. Ellen is having a lot of trouble in her chemistry class. She's failed the last two tests.

3. Sam and Tim, both teenagers, have messed up the house, and their parents are coming
home soon.

4. Ron is wearing jeans. He's expected at a formal reception this evening.

5. Mary's parents expect her to work in the family business, a shoe store, but she wants to be an architect.

6. Richard's roommate stays up very late studying. While his roommate is studying, he listens to loud music, and Richard can't get to sleep.

7. Pierre is feeling really homesick these days.

/Understanding and Using English Grammar, Workbook, Betty Schrampfer Azar/


2. For each of these situations, give two suggestions with could. Then give definite advice with should.


1. It's late at night. Tony is home by himself. He hears a window break. He thinks it's a
burglar. Now what? What could or should he do now?

He could hide under his bed.

He could pick up his baseball bat and go looking for the intruder.

He should leave the house and go to his neighbour's to call the police.

2. Bruce has helped his mother onto the train and escorted her to a seat. While he is saying
goodbye, the train begins pulling away from the station. By the time he gets through the
crowded aisles to the exit, the train is traveling fast. Now what?

He could __________________________________________________________

He could __________________________________________________________

He should __________________________________________________________

3. Kim is an insomniac. Every night she tosses and turns until 2 or 3 a.m. and gets only a few hours of sleep. It's beginning to affect her work, as she has to be in her office at 8:00 a.m. She's always tired. She needs some advice.

She could __________________________________________________________

She could __________________________________________________________

She should __________________________________________________________

4. You are driving in the countryside late at night, and you notice that you are almost out of gas. You manage to make it to a small town nearby but discover that the only gas station in town is closed. You decide to hitchhike to the next town and look for an open station, but the person who picks you up robs you and leave you stranded on a country road. Hitchhiking is a bad idea. What are some other possible courses of action you could take?

I could __________________________________________________________

I could __________________________________________________________

I should __________________________________________________________

/Understanding and Using English Grammar, Workbook, Betty Schrampfer Azar/


3. Put in should, shouldn't, must or mustn't.

1. You .................... always switch electrical appliances off when you are not using them.

2. Small children .................... watch violent programs on TV.

3. In Britain, before you start using a new electrical appliance, you .................... put the right kind of plug on.

4. When you put a plug on, you .................... be careful to put the wires in the right places.

5. You .................... touch electrical appliances when you are in the bath.

6. When you move into a new house or flat, you .................... check the electrical wiring.

7. You .................... plug too many things into the same socket.

8. You .................... wash white and coloured clothes separately.

9. You .................... clean out the fridge from time to time.

10. You .................... let the iron get too hot if you are ironing silk.

11. You .................... turn your radio up loud at night.

12. In Britain, you .................... buy a licence every year if you have a TV.


4. Complete the sentences with have to and should. Use the correct tense form.

1. I’m sorry I’m late. I __________ go to the dentist’s. I had a terrible toothache.

2. “I failed to pass my driving test.” – “Don’t worry. You __________ try again.”

3. Sorry, I’m leaving. Tomorrow I ____________ get up early.

4. My husband __________ travel a lot in his job.

5. I think you _________ stay in bed for a couple of days more. You are still sneezing and coughing.

6. At the office I ________ wear a suit and a tie.

7. “I’ve lost my wallet.” – “Really? You __________ be more careful!”

8. I _________ wear glasses. I don’t see well.

9. I don’t think you ___________ invite him to the party. He is such a bore!

10. You ___________ tell her about it.


Should and Ought to. Advice and criticism. We often see people doing things we consider wrong, and we want to advise them, or talk critically about them to others. For example: You should work harder. He shouldn’t drive so fast. You ought to be more polite. They ought not to sell these. There is no difference in meaning, although should is perhaps a little more common, and ought to a little more emphatic.



5. Look at the pictures. Beside each one, write something you would say to the person, and something about the person. Use either should/shouldn’t or ought/ought not to.



He is too fat.

You shouldn’t eat so much.



He ____________________

You ___________________



He ____________________

You ___________________


6. Think of three things that people say to you, criticizing you.

1. My dentist says I shouldn’t eat so many sweets.

2. ____________ says I _______________________ .

3. ____________says I ________________________ .

4. ____________ says I ________________________ .


7. Now you can criticize somebody you know!


1. Our teacher ought not to give us so much work!

2. ________________________________________ .

3. _________________________________________ .

4. _________________________________________ .


8. Learning from learners

A learner wrote this reply to a letter asking for advice. Underline six more mistakes and write the corrections. Does the letter reply to Extract Ŕ, Â or Ń below?


Dear Unhappy Your letter was very interesting, and you are certainly in a difficult situation. I think the first thing you do is arrange a meeting with your daughter. Then, if I were you I tell her exactly how I felt about her husband’s behaviour. She might get angry at first, but hopefully she will listen and understand your situation. You could trying asking her to speak to her husband. She should to talk to him and find out why he’s always rude to you. If she still doesn’t understand your problem, perhaps you should to try to talk to your son-in-law yourself. And finally, why you don’t stop worrying too much. You should being happy that your daughter is such a good friend! Fabienne   you should do


A He drinks too much and never gets home until very late at night.

B She always agrees with him and is never friendly to me any more.

C He is always rude to me and seems to disagree with everything I do.


9. Fill in the gaps with the correct form of (not) have to, ought to or must(n't) and the verbs in brackets.


Teacher: Do you think it's a good thing for young people to travel to different countries

before settling down to a job?

Student: Yes, I think it's a really exciting and interesting thing to do.

Teacher: What 1.__________________ (you/think) about if you're going to go travelling?

Student: Well, you 2. __________________ (consider) lots of things first. For example, you 3. __________________ (have) enough money in the first place, so you 4.__________________ (work) a bit first to save some money. Then another

important thing to consider is who to go with. You 5. __________________ (travel) with a friend, but it is probably safer and less lonely if you do. Also, you

6. __________________ (learn) a bit about the countries before you go. It's a good

idea to research cultural issues, so that you don't offend people by your behaviour. If you go to Nepal, for example, you 7. __________________ (shout) or raise your voice in public, and you 8. __________________ (always/walk) around a

Buddhist temple in a clockwise direction. You 9. __________________ (find out)

these things before you go.

Teacher: What things 10. __________________ (you/arrange) before you travel?

Student: Well, to visit some countries you 11. __________________ (have) a visa, so you

12. __________________ (organise) that before you go.

/From Cambridge Grammar for IELTS, Diana Hopkins with Pauline Cullen/


10. Completing conversations

Add the missing line in conversations 1-8 below.

Example: A: I'm fed up.

B: Well, perhaps that's your fault. You never do anything.

A: OK then. Let's go out for a meal and then on to a club tonight.

B: Great idea. You sound more positive already.

1 A: Have you told anyone else about this problem?

B: No, I'm not sure who to talk to.

A: ________________________________________________________________

2 A: It's Rory's birthday next week. Any ideas for a present?

B: No, I'm useless at presents. Why don't you think of something?

A: Well, I had one idea. ______________________________________________

3 A: Sandra, you know about these things. I've won some money, and I'm not sure what to do with it.

B: Why don't you open an Internet-only savings account? They give very good rates.

A: ________________________________________________________________

4 A: What are you doing tomorrow night?
B: Nothing. Why?

A: Do you fancy going out somewhere?

B: Definitely. _______________________________________________________

5 A: I'm cold. Are you?

B: A little bit. It would be nice to get a hot drink somewhere, wouldn't it?

A: Yes. ____________________________________________________________

6 A: What do you think Simon and Nicky should do about living in that tiny flat now that they're having a baby?

B: ________________________________________________________________

7 A: I can't sleep at night these days.
B: Really? Do you know why?

A: No. I just lie there with thoughts going round and round in my head.

B: ________________________________________________________________

8 A: Jake keeps asking for a pet, you know. Do you think we should get him one?

B: Oh, dear. I'm not too keen. It's a huge responsibility. And anyway I don't like cats or dogs much. I suppose something small and easy to look after would be OK.

A: ________________________________________________________________


Date: 2015-01-02; view: 1614

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