Listen again and complete the sentences according to the listening.
1. The Olympic Games began around __________ years ago.
2. 776 BC saw the start of a regular festival which was to take place every Olympiad, or __________.
3. Sport was only one part of the festival; there were also __________ __________, __________ __________, exhibitions of __________ and __________ __________.
4. The Olympic Games celebrated on the one hand the __________ __________, and on the other hand the __________ of the Greek people.
4. The early __________ ___________ were only running races, but later other sports such as __________ and __________ came to be included.
5. There were no professional __________. All the __________ were ordinary Greek citizens who felt that they were among the best in their chosen sports.
6. Competitors had to arrive four weeks early, and undergo a full month of __________.
7. It wasn’t only __________ training, either: would-be competitors had to prove that they were morally and spiritually suitable to __________.
8. Curiously, all sportsmen competed ___________.
9. At the start of the games, every competitor had to swear an __________ that they were a free citizen of Greece who had committed no sacrilege against the gods.
10. In today’s Olympics, competitors promise that they shall abide by the rules of the games, will act in an honourable and sportsmanlike manner, and not use any __________ drugs.
11. __________ is almost as old as the games itself.
12. The original “winner” of the 1904 Olympic __________, Fred Lorz, __________ __________ after it was revealed that he had travelled half the distance in a car.
13. Today, athletes compete primarily for the honour of being awarded a __________ __________, but also for the enormous amounts of corporate __________ bestowed upon top sportspeople.
14. Similarly, while ancient Greek athletes were officially only competing for the honour of being awarded a symbolic __________ __________, winners were usually sponsored by their city state, receiving a large sum of money, or a new home, or a lengthy tax holiday.
15. In the earliest Olympics, __________ __________ went alongside trade fairs and business deals.
16. In 19th century Greece the first modern attempts were made to __________ the Olympics.
17. The “Zappian Olympics”, as they became known after wealthy organizer, Evangelos Zappas, were the bridge between the __________ and __________ Olympics, and took place in Greece between 1859 and 1875.
18. It was the first real __________ sporting competition, but officially it was about far more than sport, nations were no longer competing primarily in sport, but in __________ and __________.
19. The sporting side of the games were hugely popular with the public, and in Athens in __________, the Olympics as we know them began.
Answer the questions.
1. When did the Olympic Games begin?
2. When did the first recorded Olympic festival take place?
3. Why is the festival called the Olympic Games?
4. Was sport only one part of the festival?
5. What did the festival celebrate?
6. What athletic competitions were included in the ancient Olympics?
7. Could athletes compete if they were only physically fit?
8. What oath did competitors have to swear at the start of the games?
9. What could an Olympic winner receive in ancient Greece?
10. What are Olympic winners awarded nowadays?
THE TWO RONNIES
1. The Two Ronnies was a British sketch show which aired on BBC1 from 1971 to 1987. It featured the double act of Ronnie Barker and Ronnie Corbett, the "Two Ronnies" of the title. Watch the video and answer the questions (the man in the sports clothes is Ronnie Corbett and the man in the suit is Ronnie Barker).
1. What game have the characters just finished playing?
2. Was Ronnie Barker an experienced sportsman?
3. What was the score?
4. What equipment is needed for the game?
5. Why does Ronnie Corbett get infuriated?
6. What game is Ronnie Barker going to play next time?