we should encourage students to listen to English language in their free time
music, series, CD from their course book, etc. In this modern world we have plenty of materials to create them the condition to do so. The motivation is the freedom of choice what they would listen to and it would be good to make this extensive listening the natural part of our classroom. This would mean that students
would be exposed to the language without a specific comprehension purpose; they would be in an environment in which they can just acquire the language.
• extensive listening, (where a teacher encourages students to choose for themselves what they listen to and to do so for pleasure and general language improvement) helps students to Improve their listening skills and pronunciation.
- Extensive listening takes place outside the classroom, in students’ homes, cars………………….etc.
Material for extensive listening can be found from a number of sources; simplified readers with audio tapes, course book tapes and tapes of authentic material
- To help students experience a successful extensive listening activity, there is a need to select listening material that is appropriate to their level and topic
- To encourage extensive listening, we can ask students to perform a number of tasks;
- They can record their responses to what they have heard in a personal journal
- Fill in report forms after listening to a listening material
- Summarize the contents of a tape
- Write comments on cards
- Add their responses to a large class listening poster
- Write their comments on a student web site.
• Intensive listening: using taped material.
Most course books include tapes and many teachers rely on them to provide their students; with a good listening course. Play them are not that expensive.
- Taped material allows students to hear a variety of different voices (not only their teacher’s voice)
- Taped material is portable and readily available. They are cheap and machines to play them are relatively inexpensive.
- It is often difficult to make sure that all students in a class can hear equally well.
- All students need to listen at the same speed, a speed dictated by the tape not by the listener
- students can not see the speaking taking place.
- having a group of people sit around, listening to a tape recorder or disk player is not an entirely natural occupation.
How many times does the teacher need to play the taped material?
• Real discourse is never replayed
• We need to help our students to get as much information as they can from a single hearing.
• We do not want to bore our students by playing them the same extract again and again, nor do we want to waste time on useless repetion.
Intensive listening: live listening
• A popular way of teaching listening is through live listening where the teacher- visitor talk to the students.
- Students can interrupt speakers and ask for clarification.
- Students can see who they are listening to
• Live listening can take the following forms:
• Reading aloud-------teacher reads aloud to the class and students listen
• Story- telling-------- teacher tells a story and at any stage of the story, students can be asked to predict, describe some people, give comments in one way or another.
• Interviews ----------- teachers may ask strangers to visit class and students may develop the questions themselves instead of adopting other people’s questions.
• Conversations ---------- throughout conversations students have the chance to watch the interaction as well as listening to it. The listener takes the turn of the speaker RECIPROCAL LISTENING.