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Comprehension questions


  1. When did people start travelling?
  2. Who were the first travellers?
  3. What means of travelling did they use?
  4. Who were the most famous travellers?
  5. What kind of journeys did they make?
  6. Why did travel grow and develop?
  7. What were the new means of travelling in the 19th century?
  8. What kind of transportation emerged in the early 20th century?
  9. What are the advantages of air travel?



In the 19th century tourism was mainly for the rich. They had enough money and spare time for travelling.

Not many working people in Europe had paid holidays.

Well-to-do people used to take tours to France, Germany, Switzerland and Austria. They spent time at famous sea resorts in France. They went to health resorts and spas of Germany for recreation and treatment. They travelled to the resorts in the mountains of Switzerland and Austria.

In the early 19th century tourists used to travel by trains and steamships.

In the first half of the 19th century steamships used to move within inland waterways only. But in the second half of the century they started covering longer distances. The steamships carried passengers on all oceans and seas of the world.


Comprehension questions


  1. What was tourism in the 19th century like?
  2. What kind of tours did well-to-do people use to take?
  3. Where did they go to in those countries?
  4. How did they use to travel?
  5. Where did steamships move in the first half of the 19th century?
  6. Where did they move in the second half of the 19th century?



Thomas Cook Company is the oldest travel company in the world. As a matter of fact, Thomas Cook from England opened the age of organized tourism.

It started in 1841 when Thomas Cook arranged the first trip for 570 Englishmen by railway.

In 1843 Thomas Cook organized the first group tour by train. This time he provided tourists with meals and tickets for the races. So it was the first package tour.

Later on Thomas Cook made arrangements for organized visits to the First International Industrial Exhibition. The Exhibition opened in London in 1851. The tourists came from different parts of England.

All those were domestic tours. However, Thomas Cook decided not to stick to domestic tourism within his country only. Four years later, in 1855 he arranged the first overseas trip. It was a tour to the Exhibition in Paris. After that regular tourist trips started to other countries of Europe.

Thomas Cook continued expanding his travel business. In 1866 he arranged the first trip of two groups of Englishmen to the USA.

Thomas Cook set up the first travel agency.

Thomas Cook Company is still very active on the travel market. It is both a tour operator and a travel agency. But now two German companies own it.


Comprehension questions


  1. What is Thomas Cook Company?
  2. When did Thomas Cook arrange the first trip? What kind of trip was it?
  3. What was the first package tour like?
  4. What kind of arrangements did Thomas Cook make in 1851?
  5. What was the first overseas trip by Thomas Cook?
  6. What kind of travel business is Thomas Cook Company?


Date: 2015-12-11; view: 2611

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