1. Someone you know is a heavy smoker consuming high-cholesterol food and not engaging in enough physical activity. Present you prognosis of the way his cardio-vascular system is likely to be affected in the future.
2. Your mission is to educate the general public about the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. Outline some tips on how to take care of the cardio-vascular system.
3. Hypertension is an important public health challenge. Define the groups of drugs which should be used for an adequate treatment ancontrol of hypertension. Describe their action.
4. The athlete is dehydrated in an endurance event. Loss of fluid causes loss of blood volume, reducing blood pressure. Employ an effective strategy to help the athlete.
5. One of your customers is regularly buying some "blood thinners". What are the accepted standard names for this group of cardio-vascular drugs? Explain why your customer needs it.
6. Define beneficial effects and side effects of antiarrhythmic drugs.
7. Heart failure is the leading cause of hospitalization in people older than 65. Suggest the group of cardio-vascular drugs that is a powerful cardiac stimulant. Describe its effect.
8. The patient is on digoxin therapy. He complains of dizziness. Warn him about other unwanted effects the therapy may cause.
9. Your pharmacy carries a wide range of pharmaceutical products and things for medical care. What groups of heart disease medications do you offer to your customers?
10. What do water pills stand for? How do they work?
Gastrointestinal diseases and drugs
11. Your customer has been diagnosed with gastric ulcer. He's got a prescription for some antacid products. Explain their action to him and the way they can relieve his condition.
12. Overeating leads to heartburn and indigestion. Explain why a person may feel such discomfort. Suggest the group of antacids to ease these manifestations.
13. Define the group of antacids to treat metabolic acidosis.
14. The doctor is prescribing some antacid product to his patient. What functions of the patient's body should be assessed?
15. Prior to selling the antacid warn your customer about its side-effects and interaction with other drugs.
16. Explain the mechanism of action of H-2 antagonists. What condition are they indicated for?
17. What gastrointestinal drugs are used for an immediate action in case of esophagitis, or other conditions that affect gastric acid secretion. Describe the way they act.
18. Helicobacter pylori are the major underlying cause of ulcers. What drugs does today's treatment include? When is a combination of omeprazole and an antibiotic considered highly effective?
Infectious diseases and drugs
19.People throughout the world become victims of tuberculosis and meningococcal meningitis, boils and carbuncles may cover the bodies of many of them too. Define the group these diseases can be referred to according to their causative agent. Describe it. 20.1928 is notable due to Fleming's accidental discovery. Name the antibacterial substance that became a breakthrough in medicine. Outline the history of its discovery and the way it works.
21.The patient has been admitted to me hospital with some form of meningitis. Define the group of antibacterial drugs that should be administered in his case. Provide the information on its discovery, indications and side effects it may trigger.
22. Describe the action of sulfur drugs, and their therapeutic use.
23. The global campaign to reduce antimicrobial resistance through promotion of more appropriate antibiotic use has been launched. Provide a set of recommendations on making the antibiotic therapy more effective.
24. You are a member of the team involved in the project devoted to compiling the Infectious Disease Control Manual. What information regarding the main ways the infectious diseases can spread would you suggest to place in it?
25. The flue season is fast approaching. How vaccines can help to prevent the development of the epidemic situation? Name other infectious diseases the vaccines can eliminate.
26. The patient has severely injured his foot while working in the garden. What should be done to get an immediate action directed at tetanus prevention?
27. Outline advantages and disadvantages of vaccination.
28. Develop some general tips to stop the spread of the infectious diseases.
29. The World Health Organization predicts the world's top 10 causes of death in 2030, listing AIDS as No3. What is AIDS? What is it caused by? Describe its strains.
30. What theory about HIV origin looks more like a fact than a fraud? Explain your point of view.
31. Identify those population groups which are susceptible to getting HIV.
32. Name the cells HIV infects and destroys. What does this mass cell destruction result in?
33. Say why we can't always recognize HIV at the early stages. What usually misleads us?
34. What does the term "wasting syndrome" imply?
35. The patient turns to the doctor complaining of severe allergic reactions he has never experienced, and airway inflammations. After the blood test HIV has been detected. Define the stage of the disease. Describe other stages of HIV development.
36. The successful settlement of HIV issue to some extent depends on the state policy. What are those three main points the government should pay attention to?
37. Comment on the following statement "Silence equals death". What should everyone be aware of nowadays?
38. What is the surest way to get to know about HIV status after some direct contact with other person's blood or after-unsafe sex? Explain why this laboratory procedure is useful.
39. HIV has not been detected in the blood of the HIV-positive patient due to the therapy. Does it mean that now he can't pass this infection to somebody else? Can we cure AIDS today? What HIV/AIDS research are scientists carrying out nowadays?.
40. What therapy is used to support an HIV-infected person today? Define its drawbacks.