EXERCISE 6. Rewrite the following questions in Indirect Speech.
1. I said to Nick, "Where are you going?" 2. I said to him, "How long are you going to stay there?" 3. I said to him, "How long will it take you to get there?" 4. Íå said to her, "Where do you usually spend your summer holidays?" 5. Ann said to Mike "When did you leave London?" 6. She said to Boris, "When will you bå back home?" 7. Boris said to them, "How ñàn I get to the railway station?" 8. Mary asked Òîm, "What time will you ñîmå here tomorrow?" 9. She asked må, "Why didn't you ñîmå here yesterday?" 10. She asked må, "What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?" 11. Pete said to his friends, "When are you leaving St. Petersburg?" 12. Íå said to them, "Who will you see before you leave here?" 13. They said to him, "What time does the train start?" 14. I asked Mike, "What will you do after dinner?" 15. I asked mó uncle, "How long did you stay in the Crimea?" 16. Mother said to me, "Who has brought this parcel?"
EXERCISE 7. Rewrite these general questions in Indirect Speech.
1. I said to Boris, "Does your friend live in London?" 2. I said to the màn, "Are you living in à hotel?" 3. Nick said to his friend, "Will you stay at the Hilton?" 4. Íå said to må, "Do you often go to see your friends?" 5. Íå said to må, "Will you see your friends before you leave St. Petersburg?" 6. Mike said to Jane, "Will you ñîmå to the railway station to see må îff?" 7. She said to må, "Íàvå you sent them à telegram?" 8. She said to må, "Did you send them à telegram yesterday?" 9. I said to Mike, "Íàvå you packed your suit-case?" 10. I said to Kate, "Did anybody meet you at the station?" 11. I said to her, "Ñàn you give må their address?" 12. I asked Mîm, "Íàvå you had breakfast?" 13. I asked mó sister, "Will you stay at home or go for à walk after dinner?" 14. I said to mó mother, "Did anybody ñîmå to see må?" 15. I asked mó sister, "Will Nick call for you în the way to school?" 16. She said to the young màn, "Ñàn you call à taxi for må?"
ÒHE ARTICLE: Level B
Plural and uncountable nouns with and without‘the’
flowers/ the flowers, music/the music
A.We don’t use ‘the’ before a noun when we mean something in general:
-I love flowers. (not ‘the flowers’)
(flowers = flowers in general, not a particular group of flowers)
-I’m afraid of dogs.
-Doctors are paid more thanteachers.
We say most people/most dogs etc. (not ‘the most…’)
Most people like summer. (not ‘the most people’)
B.We say ‘the’ when we mean something in particular:
-I like your garden. The flowers are beautiful. (not ‘Flowers are…’)
(the flowers = the flowers in your garden, not flowers in general)
-Children learn a lot from playing. (= children in general)
but: -We took the children to the zoo. (= a particular group of children)
-Salt is used to flavor food.
but: - Can you pass me the salt, please? (= the salt on the table)
C.The difference between something in general and something in particular is not always very clear:
- Do you like coffee? (=coffee in general)
- Do you like strong black coffee? (= not all coffee, but strong black coffee is still a general idea)
but: - Did you like the coffee we had with our meal last night? (= particular coffee)
Hospital/ the hospital, school/ the school
Study the example situation with hospital:
Jack had an accident a few days ago.He had to go to hospital.He is still in hospital now.Jill went to the hospital to visit him.She is at the hospital now.
Someone goes to hospital or is in hospital if he is ill or injured. We are not necessarily thinking of a particular hospital; we are thinking of the idea of hospital.
But Jill is not ill or injured. She is not ‘in hospital’. She went there as a visitor. She went to the particular hospital where Jack is.
Prison school university college church
We say a criminal goesto prison(not ‘to the prison’); a child goes to school; a student goes to university/college. We do not use ‘the’ when we are thinking of the idea of these places and what they are used for:
-After I leave school, I want to go to university (as a pupil/ student)
-Why aren’t the children at school today?(as pupils)
We say ‘be in prison’, but usually ‘be at school/university/college’. ‘Inchurch’ and ‘atchurch’ are both possible.
We use ‘the’ in the following examples:
-Mr. Kelly went to the school to meet his daughter’s teacher. (He didn’t go there as a pupil.)
-Excuse me, where the university, please? (a particular building)
Bed work home
We say ‘go to bed/be in bed’ etc. (not ‘the bed’):
-It’s time to go to bed now.
-Is Tom still in bed?
‘Go to work/be at work/start work/finish work’ etc. (not ‘the work’):
-Why isn’t Ann at work today?
-What time do you finish work?
‘Go home/come home/be at home/stay at home’ etc. (not ‘the home’):
-Let’s go home.
-Will you be at home tomorrow?
There is no preposition with go/come/get/arrive home. (not ‘’to home)
EXERCISE 1. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate article where necessary.
A Geographical names.
1. They travelled by car around ___Europe last month. 2. ___Great American Lakes are ___ Lake Huron, ___ Lake Superior, ___ Lake Ontario, ___ Lake Michigan and ___Lake Erie. 3. ___north of ___ Scotland is known for its wild beauty. 4. Are ___Urals higher or lower than ___Alps? 5. It was Burns who wrote "My heart's in ___Highlands". 6. We get coffee mostly from ___Brazil and ___ Columbia. 7. I went to ___German Republic last summer, but I haven't been to ___Netherlands yet. Of course, I would like to see ___ Hague. 8. What city is the capital of ___ Philippines?
B Proper names.
1. When will he arrive at ___ Heathrow airport? 2. ___British Museum is famous for its library, one of the richest in the world. 3. The English parks are ___ Hyde Park, ___ Kensington Gardens and ___ Kew Gardens where you forget that you are in the big city, struck me most of all. 4. Julius Caesar founded ___ Tower of London. 5. If you like art galleries you should go to ___ National Gallery and ___ Tate. 6. Are you going to stay at ___ St. Marcus Hotel? – No, at ___ Plaza Hotel. 7. If you want to do shopping, go to ___ Oxford Street or ___ Bond Street. 8. My train leaves from ___Waterloo Station at 2.10 a.m.