FLIGHT BA 624 FROM MIRABEL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, MONTREAL TO HEATHROW INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, LONDON
"Ladies and gentlemen, this is your flight attendant(1) speaking. I wish to welcome you aboard(2) British Airways flight 624 to London. Please fasten(3) your seat belts and observe(4) the "no smoking" signs. We wish you a comfortable and pleasant journey".
These, or similar words, along with emergency procedures, (5) are spoken countless times each day by flight attendants while the captain and his crew on the flight deck await taxi and take-off instructions from air traffic control.
While the passengers are getting ready for take-off and making themselves comfortable, quite unaware of what is going on(6) on the flight deck, the pilot has tuned in to(7) the ground control frequency and requested taxi instructions and route clearance(8).
Pilot:Mirabel ground control British Airways six two fower at ramp(9) two zero, request taxi.
Controller:British Airways six two fower Mirabel ground control. Taxi to runway tree zero via taxiway R two and W one.
Pilot:British Airways six two fower. Roger, to runway tree zero via taxiway R two and W one.
When the ground controller has BA 624's route clearance, he relays(12) it to the pilot.
Controller:British Airways six two fower. Route clearance.
Pilot:British Airways six two fower. Go ahead.
BA 624 at holding position
Controller:British Airways six two fower. Cleared to London. Maintain flight level(14, 15) tree fife zero, squawk 4532.
Pilot:British Airways six two fower. Cleared to London.
Maintain flight level tree fife zero, squawk 4532.
When flight BA 624 reaches the holdingpoint clear of runway(16, 17) 30 and is ready for take-off, the pilot contacts the local controller in the tower cab.
Controller:British Airways six two fower. After departure continue runway heading. (18) Cleared for take-off.
Pilot:British Airways six two fower. After departure continue runway heading. Cleared for take-off.
Controller:British Airways six two fower. Contact(19) approach control one two fower point six now.
Pilot:One two fower point six. British Airways six two fower.
1. Flight attendant
─ Stewardess or steward.
─ On board or on an aeroplane, bus, train, ship, etc.
3. To fasten
─ To attach; to make secure.
4. To observe
─ To take notice of. The opposite is to ignore.
5. Emergency procedures
─ Safety procedures learned in case of an emergency.
6. Unaware of what is going on
─ Not knowing what is going on.
7. To tune in to
─ To choose a frequency (station) on the radio.
─ Permission from ATC to taxi, take-off, land, etc.
─ Another word for apron. An area on an aerodrome for loading and unloading passengers, cargo, refuelling, parking etc.
─ Message is finished and I expect a response from you.
─ Message is understood.
12. To relay
─ To pass on (information in this case).
13. Go ahead
─ Pass your message, I am ready to receive (copy) your clearance.
14. To maintain
─ To fly (to proceed) or to keep (remain) at a flight level.
15. Flight level
─ Level (or altitude) which is maintained during a flight.
16. Holding point
─ Location where aircraft wait for line up and take off clearance.
17. Clear of runway
─ Not on the runway; a short distance from the runway.
─ Direction in which the aircraft is pointed; usually expressed in degrees from North.
19. To contact
─ To get in touch with; communicate with, to establish contact with, to change to another frequency.
1. Does a flight attendant speak to the passengers? Does a flight attendant take care of the passengers? Does a flight attendant work in the galley? Is a flight attendant a mechanic? What does a flight attendant do? To whom does a flight attendant speak when the plane is taxiing? What is another name for a flight attendant?
2. Does a flight attendant welcome passengers aboard the aeroplane? Does he welcome the crew aboard? Does he welcome air traffic controllers aboard? Who does he welcome aboard? How does he address the passengers? What does he say when he welcomes passengers aboard? Who is aboard BA 624?
3. I close the door but I also fasten the door. I fasten this knot. Will you fasten your jacket please? Will you fasten your belt? What are you fastening? What are passengers asked to fasten? Why are they asked to fasten their seatbelts?
4. Are passengers asked to observe the "no smoking" signs? Who asks the passengers to observe the "no smoking" signs? When are they asked to observe the "no smoking" signs? Why are they asked to observe these signs? What is the opposite of observe? What do passengers observe when the plane is taxiing? What would happen if the passengers did not observe the "no smoking" signs?
5. While the plane is taxiing the flight attendant demonstrates to the passengers the emergency procedures. Are emergency procedures to be followed in case of engine trouble? Do we have to follow emergency procedures in case of fire?
When does a flight attendant demonstrate emergency procedures? Do we follow emergency procedures on every flight? When do we follow emergency procedures on a flight? At this school?
6. Are the passengers unaware of what is going on on the flight deck? Are flight attendants unaware of what is going on on the flight deck? Who is unaware of what is going on on the flight deck? Why are you unaware of what is going on in the next room?
7. I turn on the radio; I then tune in to such and such a station. Can a pilot tune in to ground control? On what frequency does he tune in to ground control? Can he tune in to approach control? On what frequency does he tune in to approach control? Who tells him to tune in to approach control?
8. Does the pilot request route clearance from ground control? With route clearance can he take off in bad weather? Do all large aeroplanes need route clearance? Who gives the pilot clearance? What clearance would a small aircraft need in good weather? What does the British Airlines pilot ask the air traffic controller?
9. At ramp two zero, is the pilot ready to taxi? Does he tune in to departure control at ramp two zero? What frequency does he tune in to at ramp two zero? What does he tell ground control he is ready to do while on the ramp?
10. When a radio message is finished, one says "Over". Does a pilot say "Over" at the end of a message? Do you say "Over" when you address me? Who says, "Over"? What does an air traffic controller say at the end of a message? The Pilot?
11. When a radio message is understood, one says, "Roger". Can a pilot say, "Roger" at the end of a message? Does a radio operator say, "Roger"? When does a first officer say, "Roger"? Do we say, "Roger", over the telephone? Who says "Roger"?
12. Does the ground controller relay route clearance to the pilot? Does he relay taxi clearance? To whom does he relay route clearance?
13. The pilot or first officer says, "Go ahead" to the ground controller. Does he say, "Go ahead" when he wants the ground controller to speak? Does he say, "Go ahead" when he wants to hear the message? What does he say when he wants the ground controller to give him a clearance?
14. 15. Does the ground controller tell the pilot to maintain flight level 350? Does the ground controller tell him to maintain his climb? His cruising speed? What does he tell him to maintain? Is it safe to maintain a flight level? What flight level is the pilot told to maintain?
16. 17. The holding point is usually at the end of the taxiway. Does an aircraft wait at the holding point? Does a pilot contact aerodrome control at the holding point?
Does he contact area control at the holding point? Approach control? Who does he contact at the holding point? Is the holding point clear of the runway? Is it on the runway? Is it clear of the taxiway? What is it clear of? Where is the holding point?
18. If runway 24 is 240 degrees, the heading is 240 degrees. Is the pilot instructed to continue runway heading? Is he told to continue runway heading after taxiing? When is he told to continue runway heading? What heading would he maintain on runway 24? 36? Walk to the door please. Where are you heading?
19. Does the ground controller tell the pilot to contact approach control? Does he tell the pilot to contact area control? Aerodrome control? Who does the ground controller tell the pilot to contact? At what stage of the journey does the pilot contact approach control? On what frequency does this pilot contact approach control? What does the controller actually say to the pilot? What does the pilot say to the ground controller when he taxis down the runway?
Instructions to students: Write in your answers to the following questions giving complete sentences.
Example: What belts do passengers fasten at take-off?
Answer: At take-off, passengers fasten their seatbelts.
a.) When do passengers learn their emergency procedures?
b.) With what single word does one end a message on the radio?
c.) By tuning in to 124.6 frequency, what controller does the pilot on BA 624 contact?
d.) At what heading is runway 30?
e.) What view does a controller have from the tower?
f.) Why does an aircraft stand clear of the runway?
g.) With what two words do you ask a controller to give you route clearance?
h.) With what single word do you tell someone you have understood the message?