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Computer Engineering

1. There are some important and interesting theoretical questions to be solved to build realistic LCM-environments.

2. Mathematical and logical concepts seem to be one of the main research targets of learning theory and its applications.

3. To make it easy to people to usethe network, hosts were assigned names, so that it was not necessary to remember the numeric addresses.

4. To keep the ODP running smoothly and to assistus in exercising our editorial discretion, we have set up policies for submitting sites for our consideration.

5. The development of the model must be coordinated in order to reusethe results of previous efforts.

6. The first step, if not already done, is to rationalizeandstandardize the names used in the models.

7. Clicking on links causes the current page to refresh like a heavy operation.

8. In order for the database management system (DBMS) to accept it, the new record must meet certain requirements.

9. Another approach would be for Alice to encripther code before it is sent off to the users.

10. When the output is 1, the neuron is said to fire, and when it is 0, the neuron is considerednot to have fired.

11. The information source for the linguistic component is written text document that is supposed to besufficient to represent the properties of language.

12. Science has increased mans control over nature, and might therefore be supposedlikely to increase his happiness and well-being.

13. The reader should be warned that subtle difficulties arelikelyto arise in applying the same approach to similar problems.

14. It would be inappropriate for syntactic information to be usedfor design analysis since the semantics of each feature also plays an important role.

15. Note that it is possible for two errors to have the same effect on some code words.

16. The purpose of the feedback controller is to guarantee a desired response of the output y.

17. Conventional controllers are derived from control theory techniques based on mathematical models of the open-loop process, called system, to be controlled.

18. While the full potential of Ajax has yet to be determined, some believe it will prove to be an important technology, helping make the Web even more interactive and popular than it currently is.

19. In his work Airy was perhaps the first to explain instability in a feedback control systems using an analysis involving differential equations.

20. Each state indicates the sounds that are likely to be heard in that segment of the word.

21. Practical experienceseems to indicate that other general paradigms, such as constraint satisfaction and neural networks, are not very useful for graph isomorphism.

22. Location management is concerned with the procedures that enable the system to know the current location of a powered-on mobile station so that incoming call routing can be completed.

23. Expert systems have been used to solve a wide range of problems in domains such as medicine, mathematics, engineering, computer science, geology, business, law, defence and education.



24. Generally it is important to develop an initial prototype based on information extracted by interviewing the expert.

25. It turns out that highly technical fields are easier to deal with, and tend to involve relatively small amounts of well formalized knowledge.

 

Information Security

1. You need techniques to help keep your system safe from other people including both insiders and outsiders.

2. Data may be encoded in various ways to prevent unauthorized persons from interpreting or even copying the material.

3. A network is a data highway designed to increase access to computer systems, while security is designed to control access to those systems.

4. Through unauthorized access, intruders can place malicious software on your system in order to use your system as a launching pad for attacks on others.

5. To avoid picking up any Trojan horses, be very careful about where you get your programs.

6. Worms use the highly networked nature of UNIX systems to move between machines, causing chaos as they go.

7. A great deal of thought is necessary to produce a complete network security policy.

8. Thinking about the impact network threats have on your data can make it easier to access the threat.

9. One approach to network security is to distribute the responsibility for and control over different segments of a large network to small groups within the organization.

10. The first step toward developing an effective security plan is to access the threat that connection presents to your systems.

11. The design should use "defense in depth", where more than one subsystem needs to be violated to compromise the integrity of the system and the information it holds.

12. Multics was possibly the very first operating system to be designed as a secure system from the ground up. In spite of this, Multics' security was broken, not once, but repeatedly.

13. A computer host whose security is compromised is likely to infect other hosts connected to a potentially unsecured network.

14. Cookies are often considered to be a tool which can be used for user-tracking, a common concern in the field of privacy.

15. In colloquial use, the term "code" is often used to mean any method of encryption or concealment of meaning.

16. So it's usually possible for a determined cracker to read, copy, alter or destroydata in well secured computers.

17. To provide coherent security, the process of auditing has to be applied frequently, to improve not only the security of applications, but of all substantial and abstract parts information systems consist of.

18. An important part of this task is to routinely identify and evaluate occurring events on a system, to be able to discover vulnerabilities as they are exploited or created.

19. To prevent unauthorized access through a networking device in to a network, you should configure one or more of security features.

20. You can require users to be authenticated before they gain access into a network.

 

Economics

1. To besuccessful in business-to-business markets means developing marketing strategies that meet the needs of organizational customers better than the competition.

2. To successfully manage existing products, the marketing organization may include brand managers, product category managers, and market managers.

3. Marketers try to avoid these problems by using the marketing mix to encourage demand for the service during times when it would otherwise be low.

4. To use reasoned argument in order to persuade people to buy a particular product seems a valid form of propaganda and, indeed could be expected to assistthe process of discrimination

5. To understand business-level strategy in different industry structure, we have to understand how companies seek to realize the benefits from their generic strategies by formulating these strategies to deal with interdependencies with their rivals, customers, and buyers and suppliers.

6. To make sense of research data, many firms develop a marketing information system (MIS) to continuously gather, sort, analyze, store, and distributerelevant and timely marketing information to its managers.

7. A chewing gum marketer may decide to spend more money to be sure its gum stands out of a checkout display or to change the color of the gum wrapper to a bright pink to be sure it gets noticed among the other gums.

8. To make matters more challenging to marketers, members of the buying team go through several stages in the decision-making process.

9. Only by exporting their own goods, can they obtain the necessary foreign exchange to play for their imports.

10. Old-established lines of trade are being modernized to gain access to wider markets.

11. To say that the balance of payments is in deficit or is unfavorable is to suggest in the same breath that something should be done about it.

12. Because services are variable it is hard to predict consistency of quality, and there is little or no opportunity for comparison shopping.

13. Our current transactions in the balance of international payment are likelyto show a larger deficit than last year.

14. The interest rate was raised so as to attract customers.

15. The policy to be chosen must be socially oriented.

16. Poland was the first post-communist country to implement what later on was called shock therapy in the economic policy.

17. For money to be able to work it must be either invested or deposited in a bank.

18. The tendency was for the inflation rate to gradually decline.

19. We expect the government to provide assistance to the needy population.

20. The tendency to increase the amount of benefits paid to the population is becoming more obvious.

21. For the economic growth to continue a whole set of macroeconomic measures needs to be taken.

22. The financial crisis appeared to have affected different regions of the world.

23. Some authors explicitly require money to be a standard of deferred payment.

24. The absence of money causes an economy to be inefficient because it requires a coincidence of wants between traders, and an agreement that these needs are of equal value, before a barter exchange can occur.

25. The efficiency gains through the use of money are thought to encourage trade and the division of labour, in turn increasing productivity and wealth.

26. In the case of credit cards, the issuer lends money to the consumer (or the user) to be paid to the merchant.

27. Some financial institutions can arrange for automatic payments to be deducted from the user's bank accounts, thus avoiding late payment altogether as long as the cardholder has sufficient funds.

28. However, central banks have a difficult balancing act because, if they put too much money into circulation, demand will outstrip an economy's ability to supply so that, even when all resources are employed, demand still cannot be satisfied. In this case, unemployment will fall back to the natural rate and there will then be competition for the last remaining labour, leading to wage rises and inflation.

29. The activity of finance is the application of a set of techniques that individuals and organizations (entities) use to manage their money, particularly the differences between income and expenditure and the risks of their investments.

30. To feed a large stable population, it was possible and necessary to achieve universal cultivation and city-state protection.

31. Physical capital, as it came to be known, consisting of both the natural capital (raw materials from nature) and the infrastructural capital (facilitating technology), became the focus of the analysis of wealth.

32. Electronic verification systems allow merchants to verify that the card is valid and the credit card customer has sufficient credit to cover the purchase in a few seconds, allowing the verification to happen at time of purchase.

Tourism

1. The use of traveling is to regulate imagination by reality, and instead of thinking of how things may be, to see them as they are.(S.Johnson)

2. To promote tourism in this country the industry needs a better state program to encouragecompetition among agencies.

3. The Puerto Rico government wanted to encourage tourism by having brand name hotel with management expertise.

4. The restaurant business is relatively easy to enter, but it is very difficult to succeed.

5. As an industry, tourism is expected to grow much faster than other sectors, about twice as fast as world GNP, especially international travel.

6. Tourism may act as a catalyst for the development of the community because this revenue helps to provide schools, hospitals, and so on.

7. To reduce the uncertainty, the customers look for physical evidence that may provide information and confidence about the service.

8. Customer needs may be defined as the goods or services a customer requires to achievespecific goals.

9. Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel

10. "Boutique Hotel" is a term originating in North America to describe intimate, usually luxurious or quirky hotel environments. Boutique hotels differentiate themselves from larger chain or branded hotels by providing an exceptional and personalized level of accommodation, services and facilities.

11. The Slow Food movement is a global effort to preserve local plants, animals, and techniques of food preparation.

12. Of course, a travel agent is supposed to offer impartial travel advice to the customer.

13. Some online travel sites allow visitors to compare hotel and flight rates with multiple companies for free. They often allow visitors to sort the travel packages by amenities, price, and/or proximity to a city or landmark.

14. The Global Code of Ethics for Tourism (GCET) is a comprehensive set of principles whose purpose is to guide stakeholders in tourism development: central and local governments, local communities, the tourism industry and its professionals, as well as visitors, both international and domestic.

15. The Global Code of Ethics for Tourism is intended to be a living document.

16. Travel has always depended upon technology to provide the means or mode of travel.

17. The best way to locate tour companies that are reputable is to go to the specific county or provinces official website.

18. To generate revenue you have to have a high number of traffic, tourists, which inevitably means a higher pressure on the environment.

19. Tourism Marketing aims to provide students with a critical understanding of the world within which tourism occurs.

 

Psychology

1. Most successful businesspeople and advertisers have some knowledge of psychology and use it to increase business.

2. Psychologists often use a method called behavior therapy to help individuals solve their personality problems.

3. To become a gesture, an act has to be seen by someone else and has to communicate some piece of information to them. It can do this either because the gesturer deliberately sets out to send a signal as when he waves his hand or it can do it only incidentally - as when he sneezes.

4. To make the meaning more clear, you might instead twist your forefinger against your temple, indicating a screw loose.

5. A convenient way to distinguish between Incidental and Primary gestures is to ask the question;Would I do it if I were completely alone?

6. Short-term memory is the ability to remember events in the recent past, for example the name of someone you met at a party last night.

7. Psychologists attempt to explain the mind and brain in the context of real life, in contrast to the physiological approach used by neurologists.

8. In addition to dissecting the brain's implementation of elementary mental functions, psychology also attempts to understand the role these functions play in social behavior and in social dynamics, while incorporating the underlying physiological and neurological processes into its conceptions of mental functioning.

9. Soon after the development of experimental psychology, various kinds of applied psychology began to appear as well.

10. Behaviorism proposed epistemologically limiting psychological study to overt behavior, since that could be quantified and easily measured.

11. Others than psychologist usually have to complete their education with basic courses in psychotherapy to meet the demands for the applied psychotherapy classes.

12. The best way to improve memory seems to increase the supply of oxygen to the brain, which may be accomplished with aerobic exercises; walking for three hours each week suffices, as does swimming or bicycle riding.

13. On the other hand, Chomsky's critique of a specific empiricist position on this issue, radical behaviorist Burrhus Frederic Skinner's Verbal Behavior written in 1957, is widely considered among developmental psychologists to have sparked the decline in influence of behaviorism and signaled the beginning of the cognitive revolution in psychology.

 

Law

1. To provide a forum for a non-violent form of dispute resolution is necessary, for there must be finality of results to allow people to get on withtheir lives.

2. What the lawyer tried to prove was not convincing for all those who took part in the hearing of the case.

3. Efforts to abolish the death penalty did not gather momentum until the end of the 18th century.

4. Gangland killings, air piracy, drive-by shootings, and kidnapping for ransom are among the graver felonies that continue to be committed because some individuals think they are too clever to get caught.

5. The word POLICE means, generally, the arrangements made in all civilized countries to ensure that the inhabitants keep the peace and obey the law.

6. The powers of a police officer in England and Wales to stopandsearch, arrest and place a person under detention are contained in the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984.

7. Every member of the Force must remember that it is his duty to protect and help members of the public, no less than to bring offenders to justice.

8. Pre-release programmers enable selected long-term prisoners to spend their last six months before release in certain hostels attached to prisons, to help them re-adapt to society.

9. Administrative law is the chief method for people to hold state bodies to account.

10. People can apply for judicial review of actions or decisions by local councils, public services or government ministries, to ensure that they comply with the law.

11. The Legislature Branch has the responsibility to supervise the execution of its laws and the compliance of the judiciary and the Executive branch with them.

12. They understand human beings to consist of body and mind, the physical and the non-physical (or soul perhaps), and that the two are inextricably linked.

13. The concept of natural law was very important in the development of the English common law. In the struggles between Parliament and the monarch, Parliament often made reference to the Fundamental Laws of England which were at times saidto embody natural law principles since time immemorial and set limits on the power of the monarchy.

Aircraft Building

1. To change the attitude and direction of flight aircraft use control surfaces or controls.

2. In order to develop the required lift, the airfoils must move through the air with sufficiently high speed.

3. To obtain the short landing run each engine incorporates a thrust reverser.

4. To increase stability and lift during take-off and landing stages of the flight, the VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) aircraft have two more nozzles near the front of the engine, which expel gases from additional, or plenum, combustion chambers.

5. To change altitude of flight the pilot uses elevator, which is the control for making the airplane climb or dive?

6. The ailerons are pairs of control surfaces, normally hinged along the wing span and designed to control the airplane in roll by their differential movement.

7. Aircraft need thrust to propel through air.

8. To understand the mechanics of thrust development, we must remember Newtons third law of motion: For every force acting upon a body, there is an equal and opposite reaction.

9. To produce the driving torque, the turbine may consist of several stages, each employing one row of stationary nozzle guide vanes and one row of moving blades.

10. Operation of the HLCS (high lift control system) also causes the ailerons and the flaperons to move.

11. Many people all over the world believe that it would be sensible for the maximum penalty for the flight endangering offences to be increased to up to 5 years imprisonment, giving at the same time the police the power to arrest disruptive passengers.

12. To help eliminate approach and landing accidents, Boeing is pushing for glideslope installation at all suitable air carrier airports.

13. There are two ways to produce dynamic upthrust: aerodynamic lift, and powered lift in the form of engine thrust.

14. Kites were the first kind of aircraft to fly, and were invented in China around 500 BC.

15. The majority of aircraft, however, also need an airport with the infrastructure to receive maintenance, restocking, refueling and for the loading and unloading of crew, cargo and passengers.

16. Aircraft have a positive pressure relief valve in the event of excessive pressure in the cabin. This is to protect the aircraft structure from excessive loading.

17.Some aircraft such as the Boeing 787 are using electric compressors to provide pressurization. This allows greater propulsive efficiency.

18. Although the Magna Carta wasoriginally intended to protect aristocracy and not the ordinary citizens, it came in time to be regarded as a cornerstone of British liberties, and is one of the oldest written constitutional papers.

19. Cabin pressurization is the active pumping of air into an aircraft cabin to increase the air pressure within the cabin.



Date: 2015-12-11; view: 668


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