Development of a fuel and energy complex in conditions of industrially-innovative development of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In 2009 extraction of oil and gas condensate in the Republic was 76,5 million tons, extraction of gas was 35,6 billion cubic meters. Export of oil and gas condensate was 68,1 million tons. Oil-processing factories (hereinafter referred to as OPF) in 2009 processed 12,1 million tons of oil. Following development of oil extraction relates to maritime projects and results of projects on widening of Tengiz and Karachaganak occurrences.
Main tasks: Achievement of stated target codes on extraction of oil and gas condensate and their processing., Meeting the demands of internal market for oil products and gas.,Diversification of export routes of oil transportation.
1. Achievement of oil production volume growth shall be up to 85,0 million tons in 2014 (120,4 % to 2008 ), raw gas - up to 54 billion cubic meters (61,4 % to 2008 ). 2. Export of oil in 2014 shall be up to 75 million tons (119,4 % to 2008 ). 3. Growth of oil processing volume on Kazakhstan oil-processing factories (hereinafter referred to as - OPF) in 2014 shall be up to 15,0 million tons (122,1 % to 2008 ) with increase of oil processing depth up to 87-90 % and leading the quality of national oil products to European standards of quality. 4. Transportation of gas on the gas pipeline "Beyneu-Bozoy-Akbulak": in 2012 – up to 3,6 billion cubic meters per year; in 2013-2014 - up to 5,0 billion cubic meters per year; in 2015 and following years - up to 10 billion cubic meters per year.
Primary areas of the branch development
- For the period of 2010 - 2014 extraction of oil and gas condensate in the Republic will grow according to realization of projects of Tengiz occurrence for 1,5 million tons and also for 3,5 million tons according to the beginning of extraction process on Kazakhstan sector of Caspian Sea (Kashagan , etc.) Oil extraction growth will therefore trigger gas extraction growth, because nearly all gas in the Republic is associated. The main operator of development sphere will be JSC "NC Kazmunaygas" (hereinafter referred to as - Kazmunaygas), which will concentrate on developing of national potential in the sphere of oil and gas extraction by means of direct participation in big projects, arrangement and starting of new occurrences, financing and geological prospecting work. In order to contribute stable economic growth of the country and improvement of quality of life of Kazakhstan people by means of rational and secure development of hydrocarbon resources of Kazakhstan sector in Caspian Sea and development of accompanying fields of industry of the country for the period of 2010-2014 it is necessary to make appropriate conditions for complex development and extraction process stabilization. The Governmental policy will be focused on stimulation of development of productions with higher added value, formation of auxiliary, servicing and processing blocks of small and medium-sized enterprises by means of outsourcing and strengthening of local content in big projects and also formation of clusters around big strategic companies by means of consolidation of efforts of servicing and auxiliary enterprises. This strategy will allow achieving good multiplicative effect of oil and gas sector development on connected fields of internal economy with its active implementation into national production process. For these purposes there is realization of following investment projects: Reconstruction of vacuum block of ELLOW-AVT-3 assembly and deferred carbonization assembly of Atyrau OPF (Atyrau oblast) with vacuum block power - 1,8 millions tons/year and deferred carbonization assembly power - 1,0 millions tons/year. Modernization and reconstruction of Shymkent OPF (South-Kazakhstan oblast) with oil processing power - 6,0 millions tons/year. Modernization and reconstruction of Pavlodar Oil and Gas Plant (Pavlodar oblast) with oil primary processing power - 6,0 millions tons/year. To improve the processing level and widen Kazakhstan content in oil companies’ purchases there are the following measures:
- national oil and gas companies will initiate creation of new productions, increasing the level of raw materials processing and share of Kazakhstan content by means of direct participation in newly created productions or guaranteeing of long-term sale of the products by national businessmen;
- the contracts with mineral developers will include obligations on organization of processing and connected productions and guaranteeing of priority ranking of purchases of national goods, works and services;
- memorandums will be concluded with big private strategic enterprises, aiming at increase of raw materials processing level and purchases of the products of natioanl manufacturers.
Sectoral and project measures of Governmental support Transport infrastructure provision For diversification of hydrocarbonic resources export to external markets and meeting the demands of internal market the following projects will be implemented: Kazakhstan Caspian System of Transportation (KCST) KCST, aimed at oil export from Kashagan and Tengiz occurrences through Caspian Sea and Baku-Tbilisi-Jeykhan system and/or other oil-transport systems to international markets, will consist of: 1. Eskene-Kuryk oil pipeline; 2. Transcaspian systems of the project (TSP), including: the oil-loading terminal on Kazakhstan seaside of Caspian Sea; tankers and ships for transportation of oil and associated operations; the oil-discharge terminal on Azerbaijanian seaside of Caspian Sea; connective constructions with the system Baku-Tbilisi-Jeykhan. Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC) The CPC oil pipeline of 1510 km connects "Tengiz" occurrence and oil-terminal on Russian seaside of Black Sea near the port “Novorossisk”. It is assumed to be widening of oil pipeline capacity up to 67,0 million tons of oil per year. Kazakhstan-China oil pipeline Kazakhstan – China oil pipeline includes realization of Atasu-Alashankou and Kenkiyak-Kumkol oil pipeline project. It is assumed to be widening of current power capacity of Kazakhstan-China oil pipeline up to 20 million tons/year. Atyrau - Samara Atyrau – Samara oil pipeline is one of priority directions of oil transportation through the Russian Federation territory in the direction of Black Sea or Baltic Sea. Gas pipeline "Beyneu-Bozoy-Akbulak" In order to meet the demands for gas in south regions of the country and exclude dependence from gas import it is assumed to put into operation the startup complexes of "Beyneu-Bozoy-Akbulak" gas pipeline: 1-st startup complex of the 1-st course - 2011; 2-nd startup complex of the 1-st course - 2013; 2-nd course - 2019. Formation of service infrastructure Creation of integrated multifunctional center of progressive technologies (Caspian energetic hub) will be detailed in order to meet the demands for oil and gas industry of highly qualified personnel and scientific and research resources and also of technological, administrative and commercial services. Qualified personnel resources provision Requirements of personnel of 16 oil and gas industry specialities will be met by means of their training in univerisities and 18 educational institutions of technical and professional education (hereinafter referred to as – TaPE) in Atyrau, Aktubinsk, West-Kazakhstan, Mangistau, Kyzylorda, South-Kazakhstan oblasts. Interregional center on training and retraining of personnel for oil and gas industry for 700 students will be put into operation in Atyrau city in 2011. For further successful development of professional education systems in oil and gas industry, transition to the world educational standards shall take place by means of: 1) development of normative-legal base considering responsibility of companies for professional education of youth and training of Kazakhstan personnel; 2) interaction with social partners by means of their attraction to personnel training and joint use of training centers of oil companies in process of Kazakhstan personnel training. Training of oil and gas industry specialists will take place within the framework of the government order and objective educational grants of big foreign oil companies. Technical regulations implementation For security reasons there are the following technical regulations of: 1. gasoline, diesel fuel and black oil fuel; 2. gasoline additives; 3. lubricants and special liquids for transport vehicles; 4. Oil and gas, drilling, geological survey and geophysical equipment; 5. magistral oil pipelines; 6. subsea pipelines and cables.
Production of electrical energy is carried out by 59 electric power stations of national importance, industrial and regional purpose of different pattern of ownership, the total installed capacity is 18, 992.7 MW, available capacity – 14, 558.0 MW, 80% of the power plants run on coal.
Following the results of 2009 the generation of electrical energy at power stations of the country amounted to 78.4 billion kWh; consumption amounted to 77.9 billion kWh.
Assets of the electric power industry have a high level of depreciation including:
generating equipment - 70%;
electrical networks - 65%.
In connection with the growth of depreciation of power generating equipment of the power stations and lack of investments since May 2009 a new tariff-making mechanism was introduced for electric energy which provides introduction of limited, calculated and individual electricity tariffs for the energy-producing organizations and accordingly the implementation by the energy-producing organizations of investment obligations on reconstruction, modernization, extension and new construction of power generating facilities.
Electric energy limited tariffs were approved on 13 groups of the energy producing organizations for the period from 2009 to 2015 with division by each year, which may be adjusted annually taking into account the need for provision of investment attractiveness of the industry.
Between the Ministry of Industry and New Technologies and the energy producing organizations there are 36 agreements on the implementation of investment commitments in the framework of limited tariffs for 2010 amounting to more than 84.2 billion tenge.
In cases of large-scale investments as the construction of new power stations the investors can operate on calculated tariffs or individual tariffs.
Introduction of new tariff-making mechanism will allow raising investment attractiveness of the industry, to create conditions for attracting investments into the sector and to calculate possibilities of the energy-producing organizations to ensure the repayment of investments.
Main task Meeting of electric power demands of the economy and achievement of energy independence of the country
Bringing the electricity generation in 2014 to 97.9 billion kWh in the forecast consumption of 96.8 billion kWh.,Providing the volume of coal production in 2014 up to 123 million tons.
Strategy of actions
Reliable electricity supply of the economy and population of Kazakhstan will be connected with the construction of new electric power facilities, expansion and renovation of existing ones, upgrading the national electrical network, the effective use of available energy resources on the basis of development of forecast balances.
On the basis of the forecast balances of primary resources taking into account business needs provision will be made for the coordination of long-term plans for development of industries and integrated development of infrastructural and resource potential of the country.
In the planning period due to commissioning of new facilities and modernization of existing ones, the total amount of electric energy produced in the country will exceed the foreseeable levels of consumption. Excess volume of electric power production in the North energy band due to modernization of the Ekibastuz and Aksu GRES (State District Power Stations) will be redistributed to the South and West energy bands experiencing shortage of electricity through inter-regional power transmission lines North Kazakhstan - Aktobe oblast and the North - South. In order to eliminate the problem of energy shortage in West Kazakhstan, it is expected the commissioning of the Uralsk Gas Turbine Power Plant and expansion of the Atyrau Heat Electric Generation Plant in the southern regions of the country - construction by 2012 of the Moinak Hydroelectric Station, the Akshabulak Gas Turbine Power Plant, by 2015 two energy units of the Balkhash Thermal Power Station, the construction of a number of power supply network facilities including substations “Alma” and power transmission lines on delivery of power of Moinak Hydroelectric Station, the reconstruction of existing electric networks and the step-down substations will be carried out.
Provision is made for the following projects:
- Atyrau Heat Electric Generation Plant. The cost of the project implementation is 16.4 billion tenge. Power is 75 MW. Implementation period is 2006-2010.
- Uralsk Gas Turbine Power Plant. The cost of the project implementation is 9.8 billion tenge. Power is 54 MW. Implementation period is 2010-2012.
- Balkhash Thermal Power Station. The cost of the project implementation is 360.7 billion tenge. Power of the I-module is 1320 MW. Period of implementation is 2010-2015.
- Moinak Hydroelectric Station. The cost of the project implementation is 54.1 billion tenge. Power is 300 MW. Implementation period is 2006-2012.
- Gas Turbine Power Plant at the Akshabulak field. The cost of the project implementation is 17.7 billion tenge. Power is 87 MW. Implementation period is 2010-2012.
- Ekibastuz GRES-2 (building of unit # 3). The cost of the project implementation is 118.3 billion tenge. Power is 525 MW. Implementation period is 2010-2014.
- Ekibastuz GRES-1 (rebuilding of unit # 8). The cost of the project implementation is 23.4 billion tenge. Power is 500 MW. Implementation period is 2010-2012.
- Rebuilding of energy unit # 2 of the Aksu GRES. The cost of the project implementation is 12.9 billion tenge. Power is 325 MW. Implementation period is 2009-2011.
- 9. Modernization of the Shardarinskaya Hydroelectric Station. The cost of the project implementation is 13.6 billion tenge. Implementation period is 2010-2015. 10. Delivery of power of the Moinak Hydroelectric Station. The cost of the project implementation is 10.3 billion tenge. Period of implementation is 2010-2012.
- 11. Construction of substation “Alma” 500 kV with connection to the National electric networks of Kazakhstan by the lines of 500 and 220 kW. The cost of the project implementation is 30 billion tenge. Project implementation period is 2010-2014.
12. Modernization the National electric networks of Kazakhstan, II stage. The cost of the project implementation is 52 billion tenge. Period of implementation is 2010-2016.
13. Construction of transforming substations in the city of Almaty and in Almaty oblast for Asiada-2011. The cost of the project implementation: 19.9 billion tenge. Project implementation period: 2009 - 2011 years.
Provision of growth in coal production volumes will be achieved due the following projects:
the open pit coal mines of Ekibastuz coal basin:
- the reconstruction project of the transport scheme of the open pit mine “Bogatyr”, the transition to the new automobile-conveyor technology with which the production at the open pit mine will be up to 48 million tons of coal a year;
- completion of the construction project of the cyclic-and-continuous overburden complex (CCOC) on the open pit mine “Vostochniy”. Productivity of the CCOC will amount ot 10 million cubic meters overburdens per a year - in the mines of the Karaganda coal basin through the introduction of highly productive mining equipment and technologies providing the average daily load on the breakage face at the level of 3000 -:- 5000 tons;
- construction and commissioning of a carboniferous deposit “Zhalyn” in the Karaganda oblast with design capacity of 500 thousand tons of coal per year.
- Qualified personnel resources provision
- The need for specialists in 17 specialties will be covered within the framework of their training in universities and 80 educational establishments TPE.
- Contraction of the Interregional Center will be completed for training and retraining of personnel for the fuel-energy industry for 700 educational places in Ekibastuz city.