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Management skills.

Effectiveness of a manager's activity depends on certain im­portant skills. These skills can be divided into seven different cat­egories: conceptual, decision making, analytic, administrative, communicational, interpersonal and technical.

1.A conceptual skill is the ability of a manager to see the "general picture" of an organization. Managers must understand how their duties and the duties of other managers fit together to plan their activity in a proper way and get the required results.
This skill is very important for top managers because it helps them plan "super goals" and develop proper strategies for the whole organization.

2.A decision making skill is the ability of a manager to choose the best course of actions of two or more alternatives. A manager must decide the following:

1) What objectives and goals must be reached?

2)What strategy must be implemented?

3)What resources must be used and how they must be distrib­uted?

4)What kind of control is needed?

In short, managers are responsible for the most important deci­sions which are required to carry out any organizational activity.

An analytic skill is the ability to determine the most impor­tant problem of many other problems and identify the causes of each problem before implementing a proper action plan. This abil­ity is especially important for top managers because they have to solve complex problems.

An administrative skill is the ability of a manager to keep to the organizational rules specified for the production process, within a limited budget, and coordinate the flow of information and paper work in his group and in other groups.

5. A communicational skill is the ability of manager to share his ideas and opinions with other people both orally and in writing. This skill is a decisive factor of a manager’s success. Some inves­tigations show that top managers and middle managers spend ap­proximately 80% (percent) of their work time in communicating with each other.

Thus, a communication skill enables managers to hold meet­ings, write clear letters and explanatory notes, make reports, etc.

6. An interpersonal skill (psychological skill) is the ability to deal effectively with other people both inside and outside the orga­nization. It is the ability to understand the needs and motives of other people. This skill is very important for a good psychological atmosphere for successful activity in the common work in future. If the interpersonal relations are good, a manager will be success­ful in getting a support in the development and implementation of organizational plans.

7. A technical skill is a specific competence to accomplish a task. The lower is a manager's level in the organization, the closer is his/her connection with the production process. Thus first-line managers have the closest connection with the production pro­cess. They need high technical skills to provide technical guidance for the subordinates. Top managers don't need these skills as much as first-line managers but the knowledge of the technical sphere is useful for all the managers.



 

 

ASSIGNMENTS

 

I. Translate these words and word combinations.

 

Important skill; decision making skill; interpersonal skill; objec­tive; goal; activity; required results; interpersonal relations; inter­personal (psychological) skill; needs and motives; technical guid­ance; subordinate; psychological atmosphere; successful activity; support; implementation; investigation; production process; flow of information; ability; responsible; organizational rules; report; percent; production; action plan; solve problems; communicate; enable; choose; divide; distribute; carry out; hold a meeting.

 

 

III. Complete the following sentences according to the text.

 

1. Effectiveness of a manager's activity depends on......

2. A conceptual skill is the ability of a manager to see......

3. A decision making skill is the ability of a manager to choose the best course of actions of......

4. An analytic skill is the ability to determine the most important problems and identify the causes of each problem before.....

5. An interpersonal skill is very important for......

6. A technical skill is a specific competence to accomplish......

7. First-line managers have the closest connection with......

 

IV. Translate into English.

 

V. Agree or disagree with these statements. Use the follow­ing phrases.

 

1. Effectiveness of a manager's activity depends on five different categories.

2. A conceptual skill is the ability of a manager to choose the best course of actions of two or more alternatives.

3. A conceptual skill is very important for top managers because it helps them plan "super goals".

4. A communicational skill is the ability to understand the needs and motives of other people.

5. An interpersonal skill is the ability to deal effectively with other people.

6. A technical skill is a specific competence to accomplish a task.

7. Top managers need technical skill more than first-line managers.

 


Date: 2015-01-12; view: 1792


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