Organic solidarity is most likely to exist in which of the following types of societies? Industrial
Scapegoat theory shows that: dominant groups blame subordinate groups for their problems
Social stratification is a system that: ranks society members into categories
Socialization, as a sociological term, describes: how people learn societal norms, beliefs, and values
Societies practice social control to maintain ________. social order
Sociologists tend to define family in terms of: how a given society sanctions the relationships of people who are connected through blood, marriage, or adoption
Spousal abuse is an example of a ________. violent crime
Stereotypes can be based on: all of the above
The ________ can be directly attributed to the digital divide, because differential ability to access the internet leads directly to a differential ability to use the knowledge found on the internet. knowledge gap
The American flag is a material object that denotes the United States of America; however, there arecertain connotations that many associate with the flag, like bravery and freedom. In this example, whatare bravery and freedom? Nonmaterial culture
The Arab Spring and Occupy Wall Street protests have the following incommon: They are examples of conflict theory in action.
The belief that ones culture is inferior to/worse than another culture is called: xenocentrism
The concept of the iron cage was popularized by which of the following sociological thinkers? Max Weber
The fact that your cell phone is using outdated technology within a year or two of purchase is anexample of ____________. planned obsolescence
The government of __________ blocks citizens access to popular new media sites like Facebook,YouTube, and Twitter. China
The history of technology began _________. in the early stages of human societies
The notion that people cannot feel or experience something that they do not have a word for can beexplained by: Sapir-Whorf
The terms _________________ and ______________ are often used interchangeably, but have nuances that differentiate them. culture and society
Two people who have just had a baby have turned from a _______ to a _________. dyad; triad
What are the major factors affecting education systems throughout the world? Resources and money
What did Carol Gilligan believe earlier researchers into morality had overlooked? The perspective of females
What do nations that are top-ranked in science and math have in common? They recruit top teachers.
What factor makes caste systems closed? . People cannot change their social standings.
What factor makes class systems open? They allow for movement between the classes.
What intergroup relationship is represented by the salad bowl metaphor? Pluralism
What is a group whose values, norms, and beliefs come to serve as a standard for one's own behavior? Reference group
What is discrimination? Biased actions against an individual or group
What is the one defining feature of a minority group? Lack of power
What term describes the separation of students based on merit? Sorting
When Karl Marx said workers experience alienation, he meant that workers: do not feel connected to their work
Which concept corresponds best to functionalism? v Interdependence
Which current world figure has the least amount of political power? Queen Elizabeth II
Which intergroup relation displays the least tolerance? Genocide
Which is not a characteristic of a democracy? A king or queen holds the majority of governmental control.
Which nation is an absolute monarchy? Oman
Which of the following best describes how deviance is defined? Devianceis socially defined.
Which of the following is a criticism of the family life cycle model? It is too narrowly focused on a sequence of stages.
Which of the following is a manifest function of schools? Learning to read and write
Which of the following is an example of a numerical majority being treated as a subordinate group? Blacks under Apartheid in South Africa
Which of the following is an example of corporate crime? Embezzlement
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of bureaucracies? Coercion to join
Which of the following is NOT a form of new media?
The cable television program
Which of the following is not a manifest function of education? Courtship
Which of the following is the best explanation of racism as a social fact? It does not need the actions of individuals to continue.
Which of the following is typically the earliest agent of socialization? Family
Which of the following occupations is a person of power most likely to have in an informationsociety? Software engineer
Which of the following paradigms would consider movements such as Occupy Wall Streetundesirable and unnecessarily forcing social change? Functionalism
Which of the following present and former government leaders is generally considered a dictator? Kim Jong-Un
Which of the following scenarios is an example of intergenerational mobility? An executive belongs to a different class than her parents.
Which of the following types of authority does not reside primarily in a leader? Legal-rational
Which of these systems allows for the most social mobility? Class
Which statement best expresses the difference between power and authority? Authority is based on the perceived legitimacy of the individual in power.
Which statement best expresses why the United States is not a true democracy? Citizens elect representatives who vote on their behalf to make policy.
Which statement best expresses why there have been so few charismatic female leaders throughouthistory? Few women have had the opportunity to hold leadership roles over the course of history.
Which theory of education focuses on the labels acquired through the educational process? Symbolic interactionism
Which theory of education focuses on the ways in which education maintains the status quo? Conflict theory
Why do people join utilitarian organizations? Because they receive a tangible benefit from joining
Your 83-year-old grandmother has been using a computer for some time now. As a way to keep intouch, you frequently send e-mails of a few lines to let her know about your day. She calls after every e-mail to respond point by point, but she has never e-mailed a response back. This can be viewed as anexample of: cultural lag