Exercise 1. Make a list of the words and word combinations you do not know, translate and learn them.
Nouns: report, foreword/preface, acknowledgements, table of contents, introduction, body of the report, conclusion, recommendation, appendix, glossary, index, table, chart, graphs.Verbs: circulate, inform, provide, explain, clarify, recommend, reveal, assess, draw up, analyze, summarize.Adjectives and Adverbs: expository, analytical, informational, formal, factual, complicated, stiff
Exercise 2. Read and translate the text.
Reports are formal pieces of writing about a specific person, place, event, plan, etc. They are always directed to other people (superiors, colleagues, boards, committees, councils, etc.) and are usually written in response to their request to provide information concerning the topic. Reports can be analytical (analyzing the information available) and informational (providing necessary information), formal (following an established form or convention) and factual (containing information obtained through investigation). Reports are made for the benefit of others Ė supplying the readers or the audience with the information they need in a form they can understand. Each report must serve at least one of the following purposes:
1) to inform (circulate new ideas; inform others of work done or progress made);
2) to instruct (tell others how to put new ideas into practice; explain how a new system will operate);
3) to influence (sell your ideas and persuade the reader or the audience to make a decision; recommend a course of action; reveal the benefits of the start up of a new project);
4) to interpret (assess a situation; draw up conclusions; analyze the performance of the company/organization);
5) to interest (use the presentation to appeal to a wide audience; summarize the findings).
The typical structure of a written report is as following: Preliminary Sections (Preface or Foreword; Acknowledgements, Table of contents, Summary), Main part of the report (Introduction, Body of the report, Conclusions, Recommendations) and Supplementing material (Appendices, Bibliography, Glossary, Indices). Despite the specific features of different types of reports, a good report usually consists of: an Introduction which points out the content and the objective of the report; a Body presenting the detailed information relevant to the topic; a Conclusion which summarizes the presented information and may offer an opinion or some suggestions.
It is desirable to include into a report different illustrations such as tables, charts, graphs, photographs, and line drawings.
Exercise 3. Answer the questions.
1. For whom do people make reports?
2. List the types of reports.
3. What are the five main purposes of writing reports?
4. What is the typical structure of a report?
5. How can the reports be illustrated?
Exercise 4. Match the synonyms.
g) make clear
h) find out
Exercise 5.Look at the report a student wrote. The language of the report is too informal. The studentís teacher has underlined the parts of the report that should be changed. Use the words and phrases below to make the necessary changes and write the correct report in your notebook.
A word list: a) urgently; b) several students and their parents; c) It might be necessary; d)be irritating; e) if a student has transport problems; f)be extremely useful at times; g) Studentsí parents; h) can become anxious; I) A relative; j)contact them; k) some other emergency may have occurred; l) their son or daughter is late home; m) we do not believe they should be banned; n) I interviewed; o) Nevertheless.
In Defence of Mobile Phones
This reports explains why mobile phones are important for students,
and makes recommendations for their use in the school.1I had a word with 2