There are some indications which form the descriptor for organisation and permit to refer anything to be an organisation or not. It is possible to detect such criteria from the following sentence, where an organisation is defined as “a group of individuals who have come together under the supervision and conscious coordination of some sort of management, to form a type of system that features a formal structure, is intended to function continuously and carries out a variety of different tasks in order to achieve a common goal that has been pre-established as it’s main reason for existence”. So, there are some prerequisites for refer a unit to the class of organisation:
¨ the identifiable goal;
¨ the conscious intention to achieve the goal or to take part in;
¨ the group of people, their activities depends each other;
¨ the individuals realise their interests or get rewards (wage, prestige, interaction..);
¨ formal structure and procedures to achieve a position (even, just membership);
¨ making up a legal entity which has boundaries, holds responsibilities to others, can be liable for all sorts of damages, and thus can be taken to court;
¨ an important delay of existance, e.g. a crowd is not an organisation.
So, the family is not an organisation, because it has no formal structure and can’t be sued in a court. A social category has common interests and goals, but it is rare, that the population of a category has the intention to participate in collective actions, and their actions don’t interdepend.
At last, the organisation is usually defined as an open system with boundaries, but we will see later, that such borders sometimes are very dim.
Where are the borders, when a consumer orders the future car from Renault? The client makes all decisions and almost organises the producing chain – determining the color and the components, the tuning and the place ot sale of the purchased car. So, the client comes “inside” the organisation, violating the boundaries of the production system.
Term “organisation” in Organisation theory
The essential idea of organisational theory is grounded in the whole understanding of a unit in the process of its organising, with the evaluating its features as an organised structure (with the hierarchical division of functions) and the ways of governing the order in and activity of this unit.
So, meaning of organisation in the organisational science and in this textbook relates to the organised world in an economic unit, which is understood as process.
To conclude, in reglaments, organisation is treated as an economic, social and managerial unit:
“Organisation is a company, corporation, firm, entreprise, site, authority or institution, or part or combination thereof, whether in corporate or not, public or private, that has its own functions and administration”.
ISO 14001: 1996 definition 3.12.
So, to conclude, the essential content of this work is the order which is forming in common activity, oriented to common goal.
This order is created, cultivated, transformed and destroyed (re-structuring and re-organisation) during the life-cycle of the organisation.
We can reveal such significant aspects of organisation analysis as:
- identifying common themes for the purpose of solving problems,
- maximizing efficiency, productivity, satisfaction of stakeholders.
The organising process is concentrated on the goal achievement, so the core of its analysis is to meet better the needs of founders, participants, consumers, and society.