Translate these statements from English into Russian.
1) Forget the Loch Ness Monster: Canada has its own mysterious lake creature, Ogopogo, who reportedly lives in Lake Okanagan, British Columbia.
2) A funny fact about Canada's city of Montreal, sometimes called The City of Churches, is that it has more churches than houses!
3) Canada has 60 words to describe “snow” and 18 for “camel.”
6. Give the title to the text and answer the questions.
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police, with an establishment of more than 20 000, is the national force that provides policing in all provinces and territories except Ontario and Québec. The RCMP maintains 8 crime detection laboratories, the Canadian Police Information centre in Ottawa and the Canadian Police College in Regina. Liaison officers are posted in 27 foreign capitals. This large, sophisticated force had small, temporary beginnings. In the late 1860s the government faced the problem of how to administer these vast territories peacefully. The Hudson's Bay Co had ruled for almost 2 centuries without serious friction between fur traders and the native population. There were few fur traders and their livelihood depended on economic co-operation with the natives. The company made no effort to govern the native population. The Canadian takeover meant the imposition of a government that would systematically interfere with first nations customs for the first time. Thousands of settlers would arrive to occupy the lands where Cree and Blackfoot hunted buffalo without restraint. The Canadian government feared that violence in the new territories might provide American expansionists with an excuse to move in.
Canada in the 1870s, like most other jurisdictions whose legal systems were based on English common law, had few police forces. The burden of maintaining public order fell upon the courts, backed up in emergencies by the military.
The police for the North-West Territories were to be a temporary organization. They would maintain order through the difficult early years of settlement, then, having served their purpose, they would disappear. In 1869 William MCDOUGALL, sent out as first Canadian lieutenant-governor of the North-West Territories, carried instructions to organize a police force. Half the men of the force were to be local Métis. These plans had to be shelved with the creation of the province of Manitoba, since, under the BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT, law enforcement was a provincial responsibility.
1. What does RCMP mean?
2. Which parts of Canada have the RCMP?
3. Why was this police force created? What was the need?
4. What was the problem with the First Nations coming into contact with settlers?