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The examples of specific classifications presented in the works of separate linguists


H. DOYARTIE meaning+ function Considers all the words as ideas, the names of ideas are seen as nouns Three types of ideas     1. words of nominal rank 2. words of adnominal rank 3. words of subadnominal rank   1. words of nominal rank are seen as nouns 2.words of adnominal rank are seen as articles, adjectives, pronouns, verbs which are to define nouns. 3.words of subadnominal rank asseen as adverbs, conjunctopns, prepositions which define adnouns.  
.COMERIC function The division is based on the functions displayed in a sentence Verbs Predicatives Adverbs Adjectives Numerals Nouns The absence of such parts of speech as the conjunction, the preposition, the interjection in this scheme .seen as doubtful the predicative group
H. HEWITTE J. LEECH function The division is based on the functions displayed in a sentence 1. noun -group 2. verb-group. 3. miscellaneous group..   Includes nouns, adjectives, (+ articles), pronouns and prepositions.   Includes verbs, adverbs, prepositions.   Includes conjunctions, pronouns.
  form The division is based on some morphological properties 1. Inflected 2. uninflected miscellaneous elements
I. Aniskov form Mechaninovs conception, but the same word cant belong to several parts of speech.   If a part of speech changes its syntactical function , we will get the case of homonymy here.   1.nominals adherents of the nominals 2.functional 3. rudimentary sentences nouns, verbs, djectives, adverbs   syntactical functions: the Subject; the Predicate, the Object; the Determinant.     pronouns +numerals (nouns) inf, gerund, particle (between nouns and adv) articles (between adj and adv)   prepositions, conjunctions     interjections, imperatives
  H. SUIT Mostly on the principle of general logics   The division towards the subclasses is based on the expressed functions, aggregation is based both on meaning and form criteria. Everything that cant be put into the mentioned scheme is put gathered into another group.   I. Declinables         II. Indeclinables 1. noun-words: noun-pronouns, noun-numerals, inf, gerunds, 2. adjective-words: adj-pronouns, adj-numerals, participles 3. verbal words verbs +verbals   adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, interjections.
  . ESPERSEN   Three all     Three ranks of words, based on the principle of hierarchy     1. primary words (the core of word-combination, subject in the sentence) 2 secondary words (dependant correspongly from primary 3. tertiary (dependant correspongly from the secondary words)     Nouns, pronouns, infinitive   Adjectives, verbs, infinitive   Adverbs , infinitive
Ch. Freise   Positional principle   substitutional tables   none of the classical criteria are taken into account   1. The concert [may not be]was very good 2. The clerk remembered the tax; 3. The (good)concert was quite good. 4. The team is/was there.   I . notional 1.nouns     2.verbs   3.adjectives   4.adverbs     II. functional (15 classes)   -class B - class C-class D- class E-class F- class   G-class   H-.class   I- class     J-class   K-class L-. class   M - class   N- class   O-class   Any word in the position a) concert(1) : tax(2)   any word in the position remembered(2)   any word in the position good (1); good (2)   any word in the position there (4)     any word in the position the (both, no, possessive, many) any word in the position [may be] (1)   any word in the position not (1) any word in the position quite (3) , very(1)   co-ordinating conjunctions.   prepositions   do, does, did   thereis/are (was\ were)     wh-words.     subordinating conjunctions.   else, even, still   Yes/No answers   The signals of attracting attention Hey! Look here!   Please   lets, let us.  



Date: 2016-03-03; view: 615

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