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Read the following extracts and put the verbs in brackets into the present simple or the present continuous.

CONTENTS

THE ACTIVE VOICE.. 3

PRESENT FORMS.. 4

REVISION BOX 1. 27

PRACTICE TEST 1. 29

PAST FORMS.. 31

REVISION BOX 2. 49

PRACTICE TEST 2. 52

FUTURE FORMS.. 54

REVISION BOX 3. 63

PRACTICE TEST 3. 69

TENSE FORMS. REVISION BOX.. 71

PROGRESS TEST 1. 74

PROGRESS TEST 2. 76

PROGRESS TEST 3. 78

 

 

THE ACTIVE VOICE

  Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
PRESENT I do he/she/it does we do you do they do   I am doing he/she/it is doing we are doing you are doing they are doing   I have done he/she/it has done we have done you have done they have done   I have been doing he/she/it has been doing we have been doing you have been doing they have been doing
Do I do? Does he/she/it do?   Am I doing? Is he/she/it doing?   Have I done? Has he/she/it done?   Have I been doing? Has he/she/it been doing?
I do not do he/she/it does not do I am not doing he/she/it is not doing I have not done he/she/it has not done I have not been done he/she/it has not been doing
PAST   I did he/she/it did we did you did they did   I was doing he/she/it was doing we were doing you were doing they were doing     I had done he/she/it had done we had done you had done they had done   I had been doing he/she/it had been doing we had been doing you had been doing they had been doing
Did I do?   Was I doing?   Had I done?   Had I been doing?
I did not do I was not doing I had not done I had not been doing
FUTURE I shall do he/she/it will do we shall do you will do they will do   I shall be doing he/she/it will be doing we shall be doing you will be doing they will be doing   I shall have done he/she/it will have done we shall have done you will have done they will have done   I shall have been doing he/she/it will have been doing we shall have been doing you will have been doing they will have been doing
Shall I do?   Shall I be doing?   Shall I have done?   Shall I have been doing?
I shall not do I shall not be doing I shall not have done I shall not have been doing

 

 

PRESENT FORMS

PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
We use the present simple: a) for permanent states, repeated actions and daily routines. He works in a bank. (permanent state) He takes the train to work every morning. (daily routine \ repeated actions) We use the present continuous: a) for actions taking place now, at the moment of speaking. He is giving the baby a bath at the moment.
b) for general truths and laws of nature. The sun sets in the west. b) for temporary actions; that is actions that are going on around now, but not at the actual moment of speaking. Im lookingfor a new job these days.
c) for timetables (planes, trains, etc.) and programmes. The plane from Brussels arrives at 8:30.   c) with adverb such as: always, constantly, continually, etc. for actions which happen very often, usually to express annoyance, irritation or anger. Im always meeting Sara when I go shopping.(action which happens very often) Youre constantly interrupting me when Im talking. (expressing annoyance\ irritation)
d) for sports commentaries, reviews and narrations. Peterson overtakes Williams and winsthe race. (sports commentary) Mike Dalton plays the part of Macbeth. (review) Then the prince gets on his horse and quickly rides away. (narration) d) for actions that we have already arranged to do in the near future, especially when the time and place have been decided. Theyre moving into their new house next week. (The time has been decided)
e) to give instructions or directions (instead of the imperative). You sprinkle some cheese on the pizza and then you bakeit. e) for changing or developing situations. More and more species are becoming extinct.

TIME EXPRESSIONS



PRESENT SIMPLE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
The present simple is used with the following time expressions: usually, often, always, etc., every day / week / month/ year, in the morning / afternoon / evening, at night, at the weekend, on Mondays, etc. Adverbs of frequency (always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom / rarely / never, etc.) come before the main verb (read, work, etc.) but after the verb to be, auxiliary verbs (do, have, etc.) or modal verbs (can, should, etc.) Susanoften goes skiing at the weekend. The present continuous is used with the following time expressions:now, at the moment, at present, these days, still, nowadays, today, tonight, etc.
  1. Identify the tenses in bold, then match them with the correct description.

1He worksin a TV studio.

2Tom isalways causing trouble at work.

3She is workingat a supermarket at present.

4Fish livein the sea.

5She is looking for a job as a nanny in Madrid.

6The thief grabs the bag and disappears.

7He usually leaveshis office at 6.00 pm.

8Shestartsher new job on Monday.

9We are attending a seminar on Monday.

10The new company is growing steadily.

 

atemporary situation

bpermanent state

cfixed arrangements in the near future

ddramatic narrative (reviews / sport commentaries)

epermanent truths or laws of nature

fchanging or developing situations

gtimetables / programmes with future meaning

hfrequently repeated actions expressing annoyance

iactions happening at or around the time of speaking

jrepeated / habitual actions

 

Read the following extracts and put the verbs in brackets into the present simple or the present continuous.

 

A These days, it seems everything 1) is changing (change). Cities 2).....(become) bigger and busier every year, technology 3).....(develop) faster than ever before, and scientists 4).....(learn) more about the way things work.

B Water 1).....(boil) at 100C and 2).....(freeze) when the temperature 3).....(drop) below 0C. Salt water 4).....(be) different, howerever.

C This film 1).....(be) great! It2).....(have) an all-star cast and the script 3)..... (be) very funny. The action 4)..... (begin) when two young men 4).....(try) to rob a bank....

D Rogers 1).....(kick) the ball and 2).....(pass) it to Jones. Jones 3).....(run) down the pitch. He 4).....(pass) the ball to Smith who 5).....(shoot) and 6)..... (score)!

 

 


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 1449


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