From the very start I should say that it is not an easy thing to speak about myself as it is hard to have a look at yourself from aside, but at the same time who knows you better than you yourself do? Let me introduce myself.My name is Aruzhan. I am a girl of seventeen. When I look at myself in the mirror I see a girl with black,short, straight hair, dark eyes and a slender figure. As to my appearance I'm not tall and slim. I think that I'm even tempered, rather reserved, calm and modest. But sometimes I can lose my temper and become either angry or sad. I like staying alone and sometimes I retreat into my shell. But at the same time I like my friends, I like to laugh and joke. I have got a sense of humour. It means I understand humour and appreciate it.I was born on the 23d of February 1998 in the town of Almaty. where I live now together with my parents. My early years, which I remember badly, were typical of a child living in a town. I was sent to a kindergarten at the age of three as both my parents were working. As all the children of Kazakhstan I went to school at the age of six.I am sociable, so I have got a lot of friends among my schoolmates. As for me, I appreciate people's honesty, kindness, sense of justice and intelligence. I don't like when people are rude and aggressive. I am stubborn at times. But to my mind being persistent is not always a bad thing. That means if I have an aim I never leave things half done. At times I feel dissatisfied with myself, especially when I fail to do something or can't do things the way they should be done. At the same time I think I am hard-working and diligent. Sometimes I like to stay home alone, especially when I need some relaxation. Then I listen to music, watch television or read books. 1 am fond of reading. I prefer historical novels. Some detective stories are very interesting too. It is considered that detective stories can t be regarded as the real literature. I don't agree with this. Everything depends on the skill and gift of the writer.Very soon I'll pass my final exams at school and after a farewell party at the end of June I'll say goodbye to my teachers who are very well-educated people with broad outlook and deep knowledge of the subjects. They encouraged me in my disire of choosing my future career.And now a few words about my inclinations. I haven't got any special hobby, like collecting something, but I'm fond of reading books. They give me more knowledge of their people's lives and feelings and broaden my outlook. In my opinion, books are a source of emotional inspiration and romantic feeling. Besides, books help me to continue my own education. The time spent on a good book is never wasted. Reading is a rewarding pastime. And of course I like music! Whenever I have some time to spare, I go to the theatre. I'm not keen on television.And finally, the things I hope to achieve in my life are: to have a very successful career, to build the house of my dreams and to find someone in my life to share all that with.
My best Friend
To my mind, it’s fine when you have friends, who are able to understand and support you and help in difficult situations.All people are different, and you’re lucky if you have a person who share you views on life, and who is able to understand you. If you have such a friend, a real soulmate, so you’re not alone.I’d like to tell you about my best friend. Her name’s Dana, she’s 18. Dana attends the same university as me. She’s tall and slim good looking girl with brown eyes and blonde hair.We have much in common with Dana and we enjoy communicating with each other. She studies well, and her favorite subject is English. Maria likes to study foreign languages. Besides English she studies French and Italian by herself. She buys teach yourself books, watch TV programs, listens to radio programs and read fiction in foreign languages. Dana wants to be interpreter, so she’s going to enter Linguistic University.When we gather together, we walk, watch new movies, discuss them and talk about everything. We like to spend time together. In summer we go to the beach, swim in the river and lakes, play sport games outdoors, and walk in the parks. In winter we go skiing and skating. We’ve been friends for a long time. We absolutely trust each other. I can tell Dana about all my troubles and I know that she always helps me, if she can. I can call Dana at night, and she won’t be offended at me. She always tries to understand me and my feelings. Dana knows that she can rely on me too. So we’re real friends indeed.I’m happy to have such a good friend as Dana.
The family plays a very important role in everybody’s life. Labour achievements, mood and what is called happiness depend on family relations. When young people marry, they sometimes think that happiness in their marriage will be created by somebody else, not by themselves. They are mistaken. To create a happy marriage is their own duty. Both husband and wife must create their happiness together. A happy marriage does not mean that husband and wife must have similar characters but the ability to understand each other. It’s really very difficult to keep up a marriage without mutual understanding. When a family is happy, it means that all the members of the family trust each other, tell each other about their joys and sorrows. The children love, respect and obey their parents. Housework may take a great deal of your time. But if all the members of the family help each other, has his special duties, keeping house won’t be so difficult. So to create a happy family is a difficult problem, but everything depends on ourselves. Only when each member of the thinks about the happiness of the others the family will be happy. Clever and understanding parents are always ready to help and find the way out. We know there will still be a family to turn to for love, compassion and understanding, the family will remain in our soul forever, Each family has its own traditions.. I can tell you about traditions in my family Every morning we have breakfast together, discuss our problems, or some important things to do. When everyone goes about their business, we do not see each other until the evening. But we often call each other at lunchtime. I always call my parents when I get home, so they were not worried and knew where I was. In the evening I cook dinner, my parents and sister ate well after a hard day's work. It so happened that the train was almost always me, it's a good idea I did it. During dinner, we discuss the previous day and prepare for the new. After the meal, we watch movies together or funny sitcoms. But at the weekend we have much more time that we spend together. Every weekend we visit our grandparents, helping with the farm and talk with them. But the second grandparents from mother live in Minsk, so we visit them a little less often, but I priezdzhayu to them for a month every summer vacation.And of course, every holiday, such as New Year or Birthday, we're going together. Our family decided to give gifts for the holidays. It does not have to be expensive, the important thing is, it could be any trinket - the main focus. Yet every summer we go somewhere together. It may just be field trips, fishing or big trip abroad, it does not matter! For our family, the main thing is that we are together.Perhaps the tradition in my family are not very different from the traditions of other families, but personally, I fully agree with our traditions and I'm going to transfer them to my family when I grow up.
My leisure time.
By the way in which a man uses his leisure his character can be told - more surely, in all probability, than the way he does his work. For most men, work is necessity in order to gain a living. Vast numbers of men have not been able to choose what work they would do, but have been forced by economic necessity to take the first job that came their way. But in their leisure time, they do what they really want to do and their real selves are reflected in their actions.Some people are completely passive during leisure hours. If such people go out they go to some place of entertainment where no effort is required by them, a cinema or a dance-hall, and if the latter, they do not dance but simply sit and watch other dancing.A different type of person hurries home from work full of eagerness to begin on some scheme which he has been planning for his leisure time. Perhaps his hobby is carpentry or model engineering or gardening. This is the creative type of character. For him, his leisure hours are full of promise and he can look back on them with satisfaction when he reviews what he has achieved in them.Millions of people all over the world like to travel during their holidays. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns, they enjoy picturesque places, or just for a change of scene. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen to different musical rhythms.Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City-dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and laze in the sun.Most people enjoy sports - both playing sports themselves and watching their favorite sports and teams. Major professional sports events - baseball, football, basketball, and hockey, as well as golf and tennis - are witnessed by tens of thousands of fans, and by millions more on TV.The whole virtue of leisure which brings a change of scene or occupation is that it is only temporary. Sooner or later leisure time comes to an end, and one should go back to his normal life. If he has used his leisure time well, he ought to feel a very deep regret that it is over, and it ought to have refreshed him and filled him with vigour for the true work of his life to which he is now returning. Leisure should be refreshment; it should send a man out with fresh spirits to battle with the problems of life. Sometimes this freshness comes not from doing anything, but by filling one's mind with fresh springs of beauty. A man gets full value from his leisure by watching nature, listening to music, or reading noble books. By this sort of occupation he makes his own mind a richer and fuller treasure house. This is the true use of leisure.
My working day
At 7.30 the alarm-clock wakes me up and my working day begins. Actually I’m not fond of getting up early, but I’m already used to it. I do my bed and go to the bathroom. There I brush my teeth and take a shower. At 8 o’clock I’m ready to have breakfast. Usually I have no time to cook my breakfast, so I just have a cup of tea and maybe a bowl of cereal. Then I go to university. It is rather far from my house and I go there by bus. The first and second lessons we have lectures and the third and touth practice of information. We Leaning to work there EXCELL. ACCESS and etc. When my classes are finished I return home. Then I cook my dinner or warm it up. After hard work at school I feel like having a rest. After dinner I usually go out with my friends or go in for sports. Besides I have additional private lessons of drawing. Twice a week I go to the School of the Arts in order to pursue my dream to become a painter. Then I do my homework for the next school day. It takes me about 3 hours.If I have 2 or 3 hours before going to sleep I watch TV, listen to the music, chat with some friends or help my mother to cook supper. When the supper is ready we gather in the dining room, eat and share the day news. After supper I sometimes play chess with my father and at about 11 o’clock I have a bath and go to bed.
Going shopping is a part of our everyday life. For some people it's a pleasant pastime while for others it's an everyday routine. Some people like doing shopping and they are happy if they can pick up a bargain in the sales, for others yawn while walking along the shelves in a shop. But whether you like shopping or not you have to do it because it's a necessity. In large cities and even in small towns there are all kinds of shops and stores as well as supermarkets. Some people may buy things because they need it or some people may buy things because they want it. In my opinion, I like shopping, it makes me feel relax and it’s fun. I like to walk around the shopping mall looking for what I need or want, updating new trends and new arrival goods. I usually go shopping with my mom. I usually buy gifts for my friends and my family. My parents usually buy things for me Shopping is not only a want, but it also a must. Everyone have to control themselves to buy things they must or need more than things they want. Some people may not like shopping and buy only necessary things but if you change your shopping habits, but something you want to be a present for yourself once a year, you will find that it can be one part of your happiness. If you are going to buy some clothes, electrical appliances, souvenirs and so on, the best place to visit is a department store. A department store is a store which sells many different kinds of goods, each in a separate department, I prefer to do it with my mum or friends. And the worst shopping experience I had when I went shopping with my dad. It's a well known fact that women are not very quick shoppers while men usually are. Women on the other hand seem less decisive when shopping; they enjoy spending hours walking around the shopping mall. Men are much more decisive; they don't like to shop for a long time. Men usually know exactly what they want and go out to buy it, then come home and use it. Men tend to enjoy more doing than looking. So due to different shopping habits of men and women sometimes shopping together can become very challenging. It really happened so when I went shopping with my father. He wanted me to buy the first thing that I tried on and he became very nervous when I was saying that this or that thing was not suitable for me. So after an hour of shopping he became very tired and we returned home having bought nothing. Woman's indecisiveness while shopping is nerve-wracking for men. Women tend to look at all of the choices and discuss all of them, but men just buy something and move on. So shopping habits are different for men and women and it should be taken into consideration. Every time when I go shopping I bring bag, because my habit is to buy a many things. I'm really shopaholic
7) Meals.Table manners.
There are four meals a day in an English home: breakfast, lunch, tea, and dinner.Breakfast is the first meal of the day. It is at about 8 o'clock in the morning, and consists of porridge with milk and salt or sugar, eggs – boiled or fried, bread and butter with marmalade or jam. Some people like to drink tea, but others prefer coffee. Instead of porridge they may have fruit juice, or they may prefer biscuits.The usual time for lunch is 1 o'clock. This meal starts with soup or fruit juice. Then follows some meat or poultry with potatoes – boiled or fried, carrots and beans. Then a pudding comes. Instead of the pudding they may prefer cheese and biscuits. Last of all coffee – black or white. Englishmen often drink something at lunch. Water is usually on the table. Some prefer juice or lemonade. Tea is the third meal of the day. It is between 4 or 5 o'clock, the so-called 5 o'clock tea. Dinner usually consists of soup, fish or meat with vegetables – potatoes, green beans, carrot and cabbage, sweet pudding, fruit salad, ice-cream or cheese and biscuits. Then after a talk they have black or white coffee. between 5 and 6 o'clock, and then in the evening, before going to bed, they have supper. So the four meals of the day are either breakfast, dinner, tea, supper; or breakfast, lunch, tea, dinner. When eating take as much as you want, but eat as much as you take. Never stretch over the table for something you want, ask. your neighbour to pass it. Take a slice of bread from the bread-plate by hand, don't harpoon your bread with a fork. Never read while eating (at least in company).When a dish is placed before you do not eye it suspiciously as though it were the first time you had seen it, and do not give the impression that you are about to sniff it. Chicken requires special handling. First cut as much as you can, and when you can't use knife or fork any longer, use your fingers. The customary way to refuse a dish is by saying, "No, thank you" (or to accept, "Yes, please"). Don't say "I don't eat that stuff, don't make faces or noises to show that you don't like it. In between courses don't make bread-balls to while the time away and do not play with the silver. Do not empty your glass too quickly — it will be promptly refilled. Don't put liquid into your mouth if it is already full. Don't eat off the knife. Vegetables, potatoes, macaroni are placed on your fork with' the help of your knife. If your food is too hot don't blow on it as though you were trying to start a campfire on a damp night. Try to make as little noise as possible when eating.
The Education System in Kazakhstan
The education system in Kazakhstan is overseen by the Ministry of Education and administered at the local level. As with most modern universities, the higher education institutions in Kazakhstan offer a number of degree options in hundreds of possible majors. The top two universities in Kazakhstan are al-Farabi Kazakh National University in Almaty and L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University located in Astana. In addition, there are a few international universities such as KIMEP, which is a joint program, 40% owned by the government of Kazakhstan, but education is based on the Western system. The Kazakh-British Technical University and the Kazakh-American University represent joint projects between Kazakhstan and the UK and the USA, respectively. In all three institutions, the language of instruction is English. The University of Central Asia, founded jointly by the Governments of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan , Public universities are subject to the same regulations as other government-owned organs, regarding not only fees and salaries, but also administrative structure, contracting and subcontracting, and ownership of property.State owned universities receive funding if their enrollment reaches 86,000 students or 34%. A small number of universities are financed through a budget line in the Republic budget, such as art academies or international universities.
Higher edu. In GB
There are 46 universities in Britain. The oldest and best-known universities are located in Oxford, Cambridge, London, Leeds, Manchester, Liverpool, Edinburgh, Southampton, Cardiff, Bristol, Birmingham. English universities greatly differ from each other. They differ in date of foundation, size, history, tradition, general organization, methods of instruction, way of student life. After three years of study a university graduate will leave with the Degree of Bachelor of Arts, Science, Engineering, Medicine, etc These include London, Manchester, Leeds , Liverpool, Shetfield, and Birmingham. During the late sixties and early seventies some 20 'new' universities were set up.. During these years the government set up 30 Polytechnics. The Polytechnics, like the universities, offer first and higher degrees. Some of them offer full-time and sandwich courses Colleges of Education provide two-year courses in teacher education or sometimes three years if the graduate specializes in some Particular subjects. Some of them who decide to leave school at the age of 16 may go to a further education college where they can follow a cource in typing, engineering, town planning, cooking , or hairdressing, full-time or part-time. Further education colleges have strong ties with commerce and industry. There's an interesting form of studies which is called the Open University. It's intended for people who study in their own free time and who 'attend' lectures by watching TV and listening to the radio. They keep ih touch by phone and letter with their tutors and attend summer schools. The Open University students have no formal qualifications and would be unable to enter ordinary universities.
The Kazakh National Technical University after K.I.Satpaev is a smithy of engineering personnel and flagship of higher technical education of the country.The training in the university is carried out according to the three level systems: bachelors- masters- doctoral candidacy PhD. An academic process in the bachelor’s degree on direction “Technical sciences and technology” is carried out by own experimental programs. The University is received the certificate of accreditation on 11 educational programs in the International Accreditation Agencies ABET (USA), ASIIN (Germany), Accreditation Center of Russian Association for Engineering Education (Russia, Tomsk).Our university took the first place in the rating of Kazakhstani educational institutions on academic indicators of specialists training among technical higher schools. According to the basic criteria the university is reckoned among the evaluated participants of the world universities’ rating of the rating agency “Times Higher QS World University Rankings” .Material and technical basis of the university is allowed to carry out the training of specialists in high level and includes buildings with a modern training lecture rooms and laboratory, student’s hostels, hotel, technopark and training grounds. Students have an opportunity not only to study but also go in for sports, take part in different cultural mass events. The university maintains close relations with more than 50 universities and scientific organizations in over 30 countries of Europe, Asia and America. The program of Double diploma education functions in KazNTU. There are 13 institutes in the structure of university where carries out the training on 46 specialties of bachelors, 40 – masters degree and 20 – doctors programs. The college functions under KazNTU after K.I.Satpaev, which carries out the training with secondary vocational education. Kazakh-Korean Educational Information and Communication Technology Center, equipped by up-to-date equipment, including a supercomputer and Kazakhstan –French education center in the field of energy, electrical engineering and maintenance of automated systems– Schneider Electric has been functioning at the university