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Somebody says something to you which is the opposite of what they said before. Write a suitable answer beginning I thought you said ....

1. A: That restaurant is expensive.

B: is It? _I thought you said it was cheap._

2. A: Ann is coming to the party tonight.

B: Is she? I thought you said she ---

3. A: Ann likes Paul.

B: Does she? I thought ---

4. A: I know lots of people.

B: Do you? I thought you said you ---

5. A: I'll be here next week.

 

B: Will you? ---

6. A: I'm going out this evening.

B: Are you? ---

7. A: I can speak a little French.

B: Can you? ---

8. A: I haven't been to the cinema for ages.

B: Haven't you? ---

 

 

UNIT 47. Reported speech (2)

A. It is not always necessary to change the verb when you use reported speech. If you report. something and it is still true, you do not need to change the verb:

* direct: Tom said 'New York is more lively than London.'

reported: Tom said that New York is more lively than London.

(New York is still more lively. The situation hasn't changed.)

* direct: Ann said 'I want to go to New York next year.'

reported: Ann said that she wants to go to New York next year.

(Ann still wants to go to New York next year.)

Note that it is also correct to change the verb into the past:

* Tom said that New York was more lively than London.

* Ann said that she wanted to go to New York next year.

But you must use a past form when there is a difference between what was said and what is really true. Study this example situation:

You met Sonia a few days ago.

She said: 'Jim is ill.' (direct speech)

Later that day you see Jim. He is looking well and carrying a tennis racket.

You say: 'I didn't expect to see you, Jim. Sonia said you were ill.

(not 'Sonia said you are ill', because clearly he is not ill.)

 

B. Say and tell

If you say who you are talking to, use tell:

* Sonia told me that you were ill. (not 'Sonia said me')

* What did you tell the police? (not 'say the police')

Otherwise use say:

* Sonia said that you were ill. (not 'Sonia told that ...')

* What did you say?

But you can say something to somebody':

* Ann said goodbye to me and left. (not 'Ann said me goodbye')

* What did you say to the police?

 

C. Tell/ask somebody to do something

We also use the infinitive (to do/to stay etc.) in reported speech, especially with tell and ask (for orders and requests):

* direct: 'Stay in bed for a few days,' the doctor said to me.

reported: The doctor told me to stay in bed for a few days.

* direct: 'Don't shout,' I said to Jim.

reported: I told Jim not to shout.

* direct: 'Please don't tell anybody what happened,' Ann said to me.

reported: Ann asked me not to tell anybody what (had) happened.

'... said to do something' is also possible:

* The doctor said to stay in bed for a few days. (but not 'The doctor said me ...')

 

 

EXERCISES

47.1 Here are some things that Ann said to you:

I've never been to the United States.

I don't have any brothers or sisters.

Dave is lazy.

I don't like fish.



I can't drive.

Jane is a friend of mine

I'm working tomorrow evening.

Jane has a very well-paid job.

But later Ann says something different to you. What do you say?

1. Dave works very hard.

_But you said he was lazy._

2. Let's have fish for dinner.

3. I'm going to buy a car.

4. Jane is always short of money.

5. My sister lives in London.

6. I think New York is a fantastic place.

7. Let's go out tomorrow evening.

8. I've never spoken to Jane.

 


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 1388


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Make sentences from the words in brackets. Sometimes the verb is active, sometimes passive. (This exercise also includes the past simple--see Unit 41 C.) | Make a new sentence from the question in brackets.
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