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Discuss about the ways to look after yourself

Understand and use the Gerund and the Infinitive

0write an essay suggesting solutions to problems



PEOP E AND SOCIE y

 

 


1 Brainstorm ideas that come to your mind when you think about a society. Make a word map. Explain how your ideas are connected with this word.

 

(;)Read the article and write out the suitable words to complete your word map in task 1.

THE STATE OF UKRAINE

Beginning in the mid-1950s, outbursts of political protest against the totalitarian system gained momentum in Ukraine. An increasing number of illegal samvydav literature was published, and several dissident organisations and groups appeared. In late 1980s Gorbachev's perestroika and glasnost served to develop the society. In 1988 the Ukrainian Helsinki Union was organised. In 1989 the Rukh National Movement for Perestroika in Ukraine was formed (since 1990 known as the Narodnyi Rukh of Ukraine).

On June 16, 1990 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine passed the Declaration on State Sovereignty of Ukraine. On August 24, 1991, the Ukrainian Parliament solemnl/ proclaimed Ukraine's independence and the formation of the independent state of Ukraine, proceeding from the


 

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right to self-determination 2


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On December 1, 1991, the All-Ukrainian Referendum took place in the country, involving 84.18 percent of citizens, of which number 90.35 percent supported the Independence Act of August 24.

Winning 61.6 percent of the votes, L. Kravchuk was elected President of

Ukraine. The nation supported L. Kravchuk's programme aimed at the construction of New Ukraine with a strong state system, genuine ['d:senjum] democracy, material well-being and elevated spiritual awareness.

A new state, Ukraine, appeared on the world political map in 1991. It is a

democratic state, ruled by the law. It includes 24 administrative regions and the Autonomous Republic of the Crimea.

State power in Ukraine is based on the division of authority into legislative, executive and judicial. The President is the highest official of the Ukrainian state, vested' with supreme executive authority. He exercises it through the Government, the Cabinet of Ministers, which is accountable to him, and through a system of central and local organs of state executive authority.

The Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine is the sole legislative

authority. Judicial power in Ukraine is vested in the courts of law. The courts are independent and in all their activities abide2 only by the rules of law.

The National Emblem of Ukraine is a Golden Tryzub (trident) on a blue



shield. The National flag of Ukraine is a rectangular cloth with two horizontal stripes of equal width, the upper coloured blue and the lower­ golden yellow. The National Anthem has been performed since January 1992 (music by M. M. Verbytskyi).

The National Holiday, Independence Day, is celebrated on August 24.

 

 

Sitting Hall of the President's

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  an anthem ['ren8am] awareness [a'weanas] a court [b:t] disarmament [d!s'a:mamant] a division [dl'v13nl alaw[b:] an official [a'flii] a self-determination [.self dJ,t3:mJ'neJin] a sovereignty ['sovranti] a vote [vaot] to declare [dl'klea] to elect [!'lekt] to proceed [pra'si:d] to proclaim [pra'kleJm] to vest [vest] executive [1g'zekjahv] judicial [d3u'd1Ill legislative ['!ed3JslatJv] long-cherished [.Jo·o 'tienitl supreme [su:'pri:m]
     

 

Ukraine is making the efforts to create an effective economic system, along with advancing the institutions of democracy, and raising the country's prestige in the international arena.

By voluntarily rejecting its recent status as the

world's third nuclear power, Ukraine took the first historic step toward a nuclear-free, peacefuI future, bringing mankind closer to the long­ cherished goal and total nuclear disarmament.

 

3 Read the article again and complete the sentences.

1 In 1990 the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine ...

2 In 1991 the Ukrainian Parliament proclaimed ...

3 The right to self-determination

is provided by ...

4 All Ukrainian Referendum involved ...

5 L. Kravchuk was ...

6 State power in Ukraine is based on ...

7 The President is ...

8 The Verkhovna Rada is ...

9 Judicial power is ...

10 The National Anthem ...

11 Independence Day is ...

12 Ukraine took the historic step toward ...

 

 

onal Court of Ukraine


 

Building of the Cabinet

of Ministers

in Kyiv


 

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4 Do the quiz in pairs.

1 The main legislative body of Ukraine is the Verkhovna Rada. The elections to the Verkhovna Rada are held:

a) every four years

b) every five years

c) whenever the government determines

2 Members of the Verkhovna Rada

are called deputies . How many deputies are there?


D..


a) 350 b) 300


c) 450


3 Each deputy represents an area

of the country. This area is called ...

a) a place b) a constituency c) a post

4 The head of the Ukrainian government is called ...

a) the Prime Minister b) the President c) the leader

5 How old do you have to be to vote in a general election?

a)16 b)18 c)21

 


Date: 2016-03-03; view: 951


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Listen to the interview with Benjamin Wilkinson, who is a school official from York, England. Choose the most suitable item to finish each sentence (1-4). | Brush up your knowledge about British system of government and compare it with the American system.
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