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Write the highlighted words from the text next to their synonyms.

Topic 1

Safety Management


a) Discuss the questions:

What are the causes of accidents?


Is it possible to prevent accidents at sea?


Who is responsible for the safety of crew, vessel and cargo?



b) What do you associate with the safety management on board?





1 Discuss with your partner:


What is SMS?

What is the main purpose of the SMS?

What are the main requirements of the SMS?

Do you always follow the SMS requirements?



2 Read the text and check your answers.


In 1989, IMO adopted Guidelines on management for the safe operation of ships and for pollution prevention - the forerunner of what became the International Safety Management (ISM) Code which was made mandatory through the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 (SOLAS).

The ISM Code is intended to improve the safety of international shipping and to reduce pollution from ships by impacting on the way ships are managed and operated. The ISM Code establishes an international standard for the safe management and operation of ships and for the implementation of a safety management system (SMS).

The purpose of a Safety Management System (SMS) is to provide a structured management system, in keeping with the objectives of the International Management Code for the Safe Operation of Commercial Vessels and for Pollution Prevention, that enables vessel operators to meet their obligations for safe operations under the Passenger Transport Act and OH&S and POEO obligations, and provides for continuous improvement of these systems.

Every company needs to develop, implement and maintain a SMS which includes the following functional requirements:

• A safety and environmental-protection policy;

• Instructions and procedures to ensure safe operation of the vessel, that support the SMS policy;

• Defined levels of authority and lines of communication between vessel and shore based personnel;

• Procedures for reporting accidents and non-conformities;

• Procedures to prepare for and respond to emergency situations;

• Procedures for internal audit and management review.

An SMS helps ensure that commercial vessels operate safely and that companies meet their duty of care and safety obligations associated with the travelling public, vessel crew and shore based staff as well as their responsibilities in terms of the environment. It also clearly defines on board and shore based responsibilities.


OH&S – The Occupational Health and Safety Act

POEO – The Protection of the Environment Legislation Amendment Act

Write the highlighted words from the text next to their synonyms.

1. noncompliance - ______________

2. liability - ____________________

3. aim/goal - ___________________

4. influence on - ________________

5. compulsory - _________________


3 In pairs, discuss what information the main sections of SMS shall contain.


1. General.

2. Safety and Environment Policy.

3. Company Responsibilities and Authorities.

4. Designated Person.

5. Master’s Responsibility and Authority.

6. Resources and Personnel.

7. Operational Procedures.

8. Emergency Procedures.

9. Reporting Accidents / Incidents.

10. Maintenance and Recording.

11. Documentation.

12. Review and Evaluation.

4 Match the section names of SMS with the information they contain.


General A This section shows how your company is organised. It explains who does what in your company (‘who is responsible to who’).
Safety and Environment Policy B The person of the vessel that is responsible for understanding the SMS and making sure it is used on the vessel. It says s/he is responsible for communicating effectively with crew and passengers.
Company Responsibilities and Authorities C This section is about the normal operations of company and vessel(s). It provides information on who is responsible for doing particular jobs; crew briefings and initial safety training, other safety training.  
Designated Person DP D This section is about how you look after your vessel and equipment. It provides information on when and how you check and test emergency equipment; how you make sure the equipment you use meets OH&S legislation requirements; what you do on a regular basis on your vessel, for example, daily engine checks.
Master’s Responsibility and Authority E This section gives the details of your company (name and contact details of company, senior management and DP etc)
Resources and Personnel F This section is about how you give your SMS a “health check” or review. It provides information on how often you will review your SMS; how you will make any changes and keep a record (minimum 5 years).
Operational Procedures G This section is about how you try and prevent things going wrong and what you do if they do go wrong.
Emergency Procedures H This section is about how you look after the documents that relate to your operation.
Reporting Accidents / Incidents I This section gives details of what you do to make sure your operation is safe and that you know what legislation is relevant to you.
Maintenance and Recording J This section is about what you would do if there was an emergency on your vessel. It provides information on: who is responsible for doing particular things in an emergency; how and where you record drills; and how often you do drills (minimum requirement is every 2 months).
Documentation K This section is about the people who work for the company. It provides information on what qualifications they need; how they are trained and who trains them; where training records are kept; how long the records should be kept (minimum 5 years).
Review and Evaluation L Person that looks after the safe operation of the vessel(s) and is responsible for the SMS; is a link between the company and the people working on the vessel(s).

5 Make up word combinations

    To implement To report To verify To issue To assign To establish To provide   orders deficiencies connection safety documentation accidents policies non-conformities knowledge safeguards deficiencies rules


6Put in prepositions

1. The Master assigned the Third Officer responsible _____ maintaining safety equipment.

2. During the audit the DPA focused ____ the bridge documentation.

3. One of the duties of the DPA is liaising ____ the ship and the Company.

4. The main aim of drills is to ensure that all crewmembers are prepared _______ and know how to respond _____ an emergency.

5. Master may deviate _____ documented procedures if human life, property or the environments are ____ risk.


7Correct the mistakes

1. The SMS require all crewmembers to implement safety rules.

2. How often the Master contacts the DPA?

3. Deck officers not keep bridge documentation.

4. The Master does verify the emergency drills and training exercises.

5. One of the functions of the DPA to check the ship for any deficiencies.

6. What actions the Master take if he finds out any non-conformities?

7. In case of minor non-conformity the DPA suggest corrective actions.

8. The Company doesn’t responsible for bridge documentation of the ship.


8Fill in the gaps, use the verbs in the correct form

Date: 2016-01-14; view: 1541

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