1. Why does the attendant ask to fill out the questionnaire?
2. What is necessary to rent a car? What questions are asked?
Do you think this service is necessary?
3. Pre-reading task: answer your friends questions.
a) Do you like traveling by air?
b) How often do you travel by plane?
c) What is attractive or unattractive for you in traveling by plane?
d) What do you think is necessary to know for a passenger who is going to travel by plane?
e) If you had a chance to go to London, would you choose a plane? Why?
& 4. Study the following text. Translate it into Ukrainian. Learn the vocabulary below the text.
Nowadays people who go on business mostly travel by air, as it is the fastest means of traveling. Here are some hints on air travel that may be helpful.
Passengers are requested to arrive at the airport two hours before the departure time on international flights and an hour before on domestic flights as there must be enough time to complete the necessary airport formalities. Passengers must register their tickets, weigh in and register the luggage. Most airlines have at least two classes of travel, first class and economy class, which is cheaper. Each passenger of more than two years of age has free luggage allowance. Generally this limit is 20 kg for economy class passengers and 30 kg for first class passengers. Excess luggage must be paid for except for some articles, that can be carried free of charge.
At the departure lounge you can buy things in the duty free, e.g. perfume, alcohol and cigarettes. About half an hour or forty minutes before take off, you are told to go to a gate number, where you wait before you get onthe plane.
Each passenger is given a boarding pass with your seat number on it to be shown at the departure gate and again to the stewardess when boarding the plane.
When you board the plane, you find you seat. If you havehand luggage, you can put it under your seat or in the overhead lockerabove your seat.
Watch the electric sign flashes when you are on board. When the Fasten Seat Belts and Put your seat in the upright position signs go on, do it promptly, and also obey the No Smoking signal. You may hear We are now cruising (=flying comfortably) at an altitude of 10,000 metres.
The plane taxis (=moves slowly) towards the runway, and when it has permission to take off, it accelerates along the runway and takes off.
Do not forget your personal effects when leaving the plane.
5. Now what happens if you decide to fly abroad? Read the text and discuss it in pairs.
Landing formalities and customs regulations are more or less the same in all countries.
When these formalities have been completed the passenger goes to Customs for an examination of his luggage.
As a rule personal belongings may be brought in duty free. If the traveler has nothing to declare, he may just go through the green section of the Customs.
In some cases the Customs inspector may ask you to open your bags for inspection. It sometimes happens that a passengers luggage is carefully gone through to prevent smuggling.
The rules for passengers who are going abroad are similar in most countries, but sometimes there might be a slight difference in formalities.
If, for instance, you are supposed to begin with going through the Customs, youd better fill in the Customs declaration before you talk to the Customs officer. An experienced customs officer usually smells the smuggler, but he may ask any passenger routine questions, for instance, Have you got anything to declare? or Any spirits, tobacco, presents? The usual answers would be, Yes, Ive got some valuables, but Ive put them all down in the declaration, or Ive got two blocks of cigarettes for my own use. or something of that kind.
Then you go to the check-in counter where your ticket is looked at, your things are weighed and labelled, a claim-check for each piece of luggage is inserted in the ticket and you are given a boarding pass, which has a seat number on it. Of course, if your luggage weighs more than twenty kilos, you have to pay extra. The next formality is filling in the immigration form and going through passport control. The form has to be filled in block letters. You write your name, nationality, permanent address and the purpose of your trip. In most countries there is also a security check when your carry-luggage is inspected. This is an anti-hijacking measure, and anything that might be dangerous or disturbing to other passengers must be handed to one of the crew and only returned to the owner after the plane has reached its destination.
After fulfilling all these formalities you go to the departure lounge where you can have a snack, read a paper, buy something in the duty-free shop and wait for the announcement to board the plane.
Some of these formalities are repeated when you arrive at your destination. The customs declaration and the immigration form are often filled in on board the plane. When the plane lands,you have to wait for it to stop. Then you get off the plane and walk through the terminal building and go to the baggage/luggage reclaim to collect your baggage/luggage. At the airport you may be met by a specially trained dog who will make sure that you are not carrying drugs, and the immigration officer might want to know at whose invitation you are coming and whether you have a return ticket.
There is another inconvenience, you have to be prepared for when travelling long distances by plane. Its the jet-lag, a difference between the time you are accustomed to and the new time. At first you wont be feeling very well because of it, but dont worry it wont take you long to get used to it.
At the airport you can hire/rent a car for your convenience.
(In British English you normally hiresomething for a short period, and rent something for a long period.)
6. Vocabulary to memorize:
go on business, hints, helpful, request, arrive at, departure, on international flights, on domestic flights, complete the airport formalities, register tickets, weigh in, luggage, first class, economy class, free luggage allowance, limit, excess luggage, pay for, articles, free of charge, boarding pass, departure gate, sign flashes, on board, promptly, obey, personal effects, landing formalities, customs regulations, examination, personal belongings, declare, customs inspector, inspection, go through the Customs, prevent smuggling, slight difference, fill in, declaration, smell a smuggler, ask routine questions, put all down in, check-in counter, label, claim-check, insert, pay extra, in block letters, purpose of the trip, security check, anti-hijacking measure, disturb, hand to, fulfill, have a snack, announcement, travel long distances, jet-lag, accustom, overhead locker, baggage/luggage reclaim, hire/rent cruising, to taxi, upright position.
7. Explain in English the meaning of the following words and word-combinations:
a take off, to cancel a flight, to put back a flight, to delay a flight, an airfield, a runaway, an airhostess, a port-hole, a non-stop flight, visibility is poor, an emergency landing, a luggage hold, a pilot, a cockpit.
8. Translate into Ukrainian:
a call button, altitude, an unscheduled stop, a direct flight, a shuttle flight, a scheduled flight, to taxi over the airfield, carry luggage, personal effects, the jet-lag, in block letters, wings, fuselage, supersonic aircraft, duty free shop, a claim-check, overhead locker, cruising, upright position.
9. How do we call
1. the place where you go when you arrive at the airport?
2. the card they give you with the place number on it?
3. the money you have to pay when your luggage is very heavy?
4. the place where you sit and have a drink when you are waiting for your flight to be called?
5. the bags you carry onto the plane with you?
6. the place above your head where you can put your hand luggage?
7.the people who look after you on the plane?
8. the part of the airport you walk through when you arrive or depart?
9. the place where you collect your luggage after you land?
10. the movement of the plane along the runway?
11. the letters you are to fill the immigration form?
12 The measures which are used to avoid terrorism?
?10. Complete the following sentences.
1. Your luggage is overweight, youll have to
2. The announcer has called our flight, lets
3. Flight 242 to Odessa is put back, because
4. The airport doesnt take planes, because
5. Fasten your belts, the plane
6. Passengers must have their luggage
7. No, you wont have to pay extra, your luggage
8. The flight was
9. We are flying at
10. If you ears are aching, youd better
11. Modern airplanes fly
12. I fasten my belt when
13. Travelling by air saves us
14. When the plane rolled up to a stop, the passengers
15. I felt airsick because
16. We have enjoyed the flight as
17.Watching through the big window that overlooked the airfield he saw
? 11.Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. Use the word given and other words to complete each sentence. You must use between two and five words. Do not change the word given.
1. It wasn`t necessary for you to bring me flowers as I already had a lot.
needn`tYou .needn`t have brought me flowers.
2. Perhaps he left the car unlocked.
may He the car unlocked.
3. I`ll carry that bag for you.
likeWould .that bag for you?
4. I advise you to drive more slowly.
should You ..slowly.
5. It would be a good idea for you to leave early.
better You .. ..early.
6. Driving without headlights is forbidden.
driveYou ... . headlights.
7. Let`s go shopping in town.
aboutWhat .. in town.
8. I don`t think he has been feeling well lately.
haveHe . . well lately.
9. It`s possible that Ann is looking for a new job.
mayAnn .. . new job.
10.He will probably pass his driving test.
likelyHe . .his driving test.
11.It was not necessary for him to pay for the damage.
needn`tHe .. .for the damage.
12.You are not allowed to leave until the exam has finished.
mustn`tYou ..the exam has finished.
13.I`d better start saving for my summer holiday.
shouldI . .. for my summer holiday.
14.We`ll probably stop and get something to eat on the way home.
likelyIt stop and get something to eat on the way home.
15.It`s possible that you forgot to pick up your change.
haveYou up your change.
16.You mustn`t take photos in the cathedral.
allowedYou .. . ..photos in the cathedral.
17.It wasn`t necessary for them to pay for our meal, but they did.
paidThey .. . for our meal.
18.Is it possible that hats are coming back into fashion?
beCould .. ..back into fashion?
19.It wasn`t necessary to get dressed up, so we didn`t.