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450 CM. Jeremy A. Rabkin, Why Sovereignty Matters (Washington, D.C.: AEI Press, 1998), p. 51ff; Filartiga v. Pena-Irala, 630 F.2d 876 (2nd Cir., 1980).

451 Rabkin, Why Sovereignty Matters, p.56-58, 138.

452 Richard Rorty, Achieving Our Country: Leftist Thought in Twentieth-Century America (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998), p. 15; Richard Rorty, "The Unpatriotic Academy", New York Times, 13 February 1994, p. E15; Robert Bellah, The Broken Covenant: American Civil Religion in Time of Trial (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992), p. xiixiii.

453 Strobe Talbott, "The Birth of the Global Nation", Time, 20 July 1992, p. 20.

454 Washington Post, 16-20 June 1989, ABC- Washing ton Post poll, September 2002, reported in New York Times, 6 July 2003, section 4, p. 1.

455 Ronald Inglehart et al., World Values Surveys and European Values Surveys, 1981-1984, 1990-1993, and 1995-1997, ICPSR version (Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, 2000).

456 Ibid.

457 Torn W. Smith and Lars Jarkko, National Pride: A Cross-National Analysis (Chicago: University of Chicago/ National Opinion Research Center, GSS Cross National Report 19, May 1998), p. 3-4; Elizabeth Hawn Hastings and Phillip K. Hastings, Index to International Public Opinion, 1988-89 (New York: Greenwood, 1990), p. 612; Seymour Martin Lipset, American Exceptionalism: A Double-Edged Sword (New York: Norton, 1996), p. 51; Richard Rose, "National Pride in Cross-National Perspective",International Social Science Journal, 37 (1985), p. 86, 93-95.

458 Pippa Norris, ed., Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Government (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), p. 38-42.

459 New York Times Poll, New York Times Magazine, 11 December 1983, p. 89; Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 16-20 June 1989.

460 Farkas et al, Lot to Be Thankful For, p. 35; New York Times, 6 July 2003, section 4, p. 5.

461 Ella Sekatu, quoted in Jill Lepore, The Name of War: King Philip's War and the Origins of American Identity (New York: Knopf, 1998), p. 240.

462 Russell Dalton, Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies (Chatham, N. J.: Chatham House, 1996), p. 275-76; Pippa Norris, ed., Critical Citizens, p. 38-42; Smith and Jarkko, National Pride, p. 3-4.

463 The Bible, Deuteronomy 27: 25; Daniel J. Elazar, "The Jewish People as the Classical Diaspora: A Political Analysis", in Gabriel Sheffer, ed. Modern Diasporas in International Politics (London: Croom Helm, 186), p. 212ff; Robin Cohen, "Diasporas and the Nation-State: from Victims to Challengers", International Affairs, 72 (July 1996), p. 507-09; American Jewish Committee, "Beyond Grief", New York Times, 3 December 1995 p. E. 15.

464 Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, "Trends", The Business Times (Singapore), 27-28 July 1996, p. 2.

465 New York Times, 8 April 2002, p. A11; Yossi Shain, Marketing the American Creed Abroad: Diasporas in the U.

S. and Their Homelands, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), p. 71-72.

466 J. J. Goldberg quoted Boston Globe, 18 August 1998, p.A6.

467 Susan Eckstein, "Diasporas and Dollars: Transnational Ties and the Transformation of Cuba" (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for International Studies, Rosemarie Rogers Working Paper 16, February 2003), p. 19.

468 Yossi Shain, "Marketing the American Creed Abroad: U. S. Diasporic Politics in the Era of Multiculturalism", Diaspora, 3 (Spring 1994), p. 94; Marketing the American Creed Abroad, p. 181-82; Octavio Paz, The Labyrinth of Solitude: Life and Thought in Mexico (New York: Grove Press, 1961), p. 1319; Ernesto Zedillo, quoted in "Immigration and Instability", American Outlook, Spring 2002, p. 15; Vicente Fox reported in New York Times, 13 October 2002, p. 4.

469 President Khatami, quoted in New York Times, 23 September 1998, p. A7; President Fox, quoted in New York Times, 14 December 2000, p. A14.

470 New York Times, 25 August 2000, p. A25; Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 23 December 2002-5 January 2003, p. 17.

471 Robert Smith, Review of Robin Cohen, Global Diaspora: An Introduction, Political Science Quarterly, 144 (Spring 1999), p. 160.

472 New York Times, 12 January 2003, p. 4; Jagdish Bhagwati, "Borders Beyond Control", Foreign Affairs, 82 (January-February 2003), p. 102.

473 Robert S. Leiken, The Melting Border: Mexico and Mexican Communities in the United States (Washington: Center for Equal Opportunity, 2000 p. 10; New York Times, 30 May 2001, p.A12.

474 New York Times, 15 March 2003, p. A12.

475 New York Times, 13 October 2002, p. 4; New York Times, 25 August 2003, p. A1, A14.

476 New York Times, 10 December 1995, p. 16.

477 John Harles, Politics in the Lifeboat: Immigrants and the American Democratic Order (Boulder: Westview Press, 1993), p. 97.

478 Economist, 6 January 2001, p. 32; New York Times, 8 April 2002, p. All; Lorena

Barberia, "Remittances to Cuba: An Evaluation of Cuban and U.S. Government Policy Measures" (Massachusetts Institute of Technology Center for International Affairs: Rosemarie Rogers Working Paper No. 15, September 2002), p. 11; Economist, 2 August 2003, p. 37; New York Times, 2 November 2001, p. A8, 9 January 2002, p. A8.

479 New York Times, 29 February 2000, p. A1; Public Policy Institute of California survey as reported by Moises Nairn, "The New Diaspora", Foreign Policy, 131 (July-August 2002),

p. 95.

480 Rodolfo O. de la Garza, Review of Yossi Shain, Marketing the American Creed Abroad, American Political Science Review, 95 (December 2001), p. 1045, and similar comments by Gary P. Freeman in his review, Political Science Quarterly, 115 (Fall 2000), p. 483-85.

481 Tony Smith, Foreign Attachments: The Power of Ethnic Groups in the Making of American Foreign Policy (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000), p. 47-48, 54-64.

482 New York Times, 20 December 1991, p. A1, A4; Todd Eisenstadt, " The Rise of the Mexico Lobby in Washington: Even Further from God, and Even Closer to the United States", in Rodolfo O. de la Garza and Jesus Velasco, eds., Bridging the Mexican Border: Transforming Mexico-U. S. Relations (New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1997), p. 89, 94, 113; Carlos Salinas de Gortari, Mexico: The Policy and Politics of Modernization (New York: Random House, 2002), New York Times, 10 December 1995, p. 16.

483 Daniel Patrick Moynihan, "The Science of Secrecy" (Address, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 29 March 1999), p. 8; Washington Post 26 September 1996, p. A15.

484 CM. Smith, Foreign Attachments; Shain, Marketing the American Creed Abroad; Sheffer, Modern Diasporas in International Politics.

485 Elie Wiesel, quoted in Smith, Foreign Attachments, p. 147, and in Noam Chomsky, The Fateful Triangle (Boston:

South End Press, 1983), p. 16 citing Jewish Post-Opinion, 19 November 1982; J. J. Goldberg, Jewish Power: Inside the American Jewish Establishment (Reading: Addison-Wesley, 1996), p. 70; Smith, Foreign Attachments, p. 161.

486 Jonathan Pollard, quoted in Seymour M. Hersh, "The Traitor", New Yorker, 18 January 1999, p. 26.

487 Washington Post, 24 March 1997, p. Alff.

488 Khalil E. Jahshan, quoted in New York Times, 19 August 2002, p. A10.

489 Washington Post, 24 March 1997, p. Alff.

490 New York Times, 19 August 2002, p. A10; Economist, 14 October 2000, p. 41.

491 Noel Ignatiev, How the Irish Became White (New York: Routledge, 1995); Karen Brodkin, How Jews Became White Folks and What That Says About Race in America(New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1998); Matthew Frye Jacobson, Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1998).

492 Reginald Byron, Irish America (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999), p. 273.

493 Will Herberg, Protestant, Catholic, Jew: An Essay in American Religious Sociology (Garden City: Doubleday, 1955), p. 43-44; Philip Gleason, Speaking of Diversity: Language and Ethnicity in Twentieth-Century America (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992), p. 175; Marcus Lee Hanson, The Problem of the Third Generation Immigrant (Rock Island, IL: Augustana Historical Society, 1938), p. 12; Nathan Glazer and Daniel Patrick Moynihan, Beyond the Melting Pot: The Negroes, Puerto Ricans, Jews, Italians, and Irish of New York City (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963), p. 313-314; Herberg, Protestant, Catholic, Jew, p. 40, citing George Rippey Stewart,American Ways of Life (Garden City: Doubleday, 1954).

494 Matthijs Kalmijn, "Shifting Boundaries: Trends in Religious and Educational Homogamy", American Sociological Review, 56 (December 1991), p. 786-800; Stephen Steinberg, The Ethnic Myth (New York: Atheneum, 1981), p. 70-71; Robert Christopher, Crashing the Gates: the

De- WASPing of America's Power Elite (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989), p. 52-54.

495 Arthur Mann, The One and the Many: Reflections on the American Identity (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1979), p. 121; Alan M. Dershowitz, The Vanishing American Jew: In Search of Jewish Identity for the Next Century (Boston: Little, Brown, 1997), p. 16; Richard D. Alba, "Assimilation's Quiet Tide", Public Interest, 119 (Spring 1995), p. 15; Ari Shavit, "Vanishing", New York Times Magazine, 8 June 1997, p. 52; Gustav Niebuhr, "For Jews, a Little Push for Converts, and a Lot of Angst", New York Times, 13 June 1999, p.WE3.

496 Alba, "Assimilation's Quiet Tide", p. 13.

497 Eric Liu, The Accidental Asian: Notes of a Native Speaker (New York: Random House, 1998), p. 188.

498 Ibid.

499 Richard D. Alba, Ethnic Identity: The Transformation of White America (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990), p. 294; Alba, "Assimilation's Quiet Tide", p. 5.

500 Alba, Ethnic Identity, p. 313-15.

501 John David Skrentny, Color Lines: Affirmative Action, Immigration, and Civil Rights Options for America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001), p. 23; David A. Hollinger, Postethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism (New York: Basic, 1995), p. 30-31; Orlando Patterson, The Ordeal of Integration: Progress and Resentment in America's "Racial" Crisis (Washington, D.C.: Civitas/ Counterpoint, 1997), p. xi.

502 Bureau of the Census/Bureau of Labor Statistics, "A CPS Supplement for Testing Methods of Collecting Racial and Ethnic Information: May 1995" (Washington: Bureau of Labor Statistics, October 1995), Table 4.

503 Alba, Ethnic Identity, p. 316-17; Brodkin, How Jews Became White Folks, p. 151.

504 Alba, Ethnic Identity, p. 315; Stanley Lieberson, "Unhyphenated Whites in the United States", Ethnic and Racial Studies, 8 (January 1985), p. 173-175.

505 Lieberson, "Unhyphenated Whites", p. 171-172; Boston Globe, 31 May 2002, p. A1; New York Times, 9 June 2002, p. 19.

506 . Economist, 28 February 1998, p.83.

507 "Interracial Marriage", Vital STATS, August 1997, http: //www.stats.org/newsletters/9708/interrace2.htm.

508 Douglas J. Besharov and Timothy S. Sullivan, "One Flesh: America Is Experiencing an Unprecedented Increase in Black-White Intermarriage", New Democrat, 8 (July-August 1996), p. 19.

509 Pew Research Center for the People and the Press Poll, 1999 Millenium Survey, April 6-May 6,1999 polling, released October 24, 1999, http://people-press.org/reports/ display.php3?ReportID=51;Karlyn Bowman, "Getting Beyond Race", American Enterprise Institute Memo, January 1999, earlier version in Roll Call, November 5, 1998; Frank D. Bean, quoted in Boston Globe, 6 July 2001, p. A5.

510 Gallup/CNN/ USA Today Poll, 9-11 March, 2001, released March 13, 2001; New York Times, 13 March 2001, p. A1; Boston Sunday Globe, 18 February 2001, p. D8.

511 Time, 142 (Special Issue, Fall 1993); Boston Sunday Globe, 18 February 2001, p. D8.

512 Gina Philogene, From Black to African-American: A New Social Representation (Westport, : Praeger, 1999), p. 16-17,34,51.

513 Karl Zinsmeister, "Indicators", American Enterprise, 9 (November-December 1998), p. 18, citing Penn, Schoen, and Berland 1997 poll; Newsweek poll, February 1995, cited in Michael K. Frisby, "Black, White or Other", Emerge (December 1995-January 1996), http://www.usus.usemb.se/sft/142/sfl4211.htm.

514 Joel Perlmann and Roger Waldinger, "Are the Children of Today's Immigrants Making It?" The Public Interest, 132 (Summer 1998), p. 86-87.

515 David Gates, "White Male Paranoia", Newsweek, 29 March 1993, p. 48.

516 Immanuel Wallerstein, "The Clinton Impeachment", Online Commentary, no. 10, February 15, 1999, http://fbc.binghamton.edu/10en.htm.

517 John Higham, Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925 (New Brunswick: N. J. Rutgers University Press, 1988), p. 4.

518 Time, 14 May 2001, p. 6; New York Times, 30 April 2001, p. A17.

519 Carol M. Swain, The New White Nationalism in American: Its Challenge to Integration (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002), p. 16-17.

520 Economist, 11 March 2000, p. 4.

521 Boston Globe, 21 December 1997, p. A40, citing 1997 Boston Globe/WBZ-TV Survey conducted by KRC Communications.

522 Professor Charley Flint, quoted in Boston Globe, 21 December 1997, p. A40; Noel Ignatiev, quoted in Ibid. For a brief overview of whiteness studies as of 2003, see Darryl Fears, "Seeing Red Over 'Whiteness Studies,'" Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 30 June-13 July 2003, p. 30.

523 Swain, The New White Nationalism, p. 423.

524 William V. Flores and Rina Benmayor, Latino Cultural Citizenship: Claiming Identity, Space, and Rights (Boston: Beacon Press, 1997), p. 3, 5, 9-10.

525 Dorfman quoted in New York Times, 24 June 1998, p. A31; Flores and Benmayor, Latino Cultural Citizenship, p. 7.

526 Boston Globe, 8 January 1995, p. A31.

527 New York Times, 5 July 2000, p. A5.

528 Jorge G. Castaceda, "Ferocious Differences", Atlantic Monthly, 276 (July 1995), p. 76.

529 Hyon B. Shin, with Rosalinda Bruno, Language Use and English-Speaking Ability (U. S. Census Bureau, October 2003), p. 2-3; U. S. Newswire, "Hispanic Population Reaches All-Time High New Census Bureau Estimates Show" (Medialink Worldwide Release, 18 June 2003).

530 Jack Citrin, Donald Philip Green, Beth Reingold and Evelyn Walters, "The 'Official English' Movement and the Symbolic Politics of Language in the United States",Western Political Quarterly, 43 (September 1990), p. 537.

531 Boston Globe, 26 November

532 James Traub, "The Bilingual Barrier", New York Times Magazine, 31 January 1999, p. 35.

533 New York Times, 16 December 2000, p. A15.

534 Traub, "The Bilingual Barrier", New York Times Magazine, p. 35.

535 Quoted in James Crawford, Bilingual Education: History, Politics, Theory, and Practice (Los Angeles: Bilingual Educational Services, 1995), p. 65.

536 Quoted in Raymond Tatalovich, Nativism Reborn?: The Official English Language Movement and the American States (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1995), p. 17.; Pamela L. Tiedt and Iris M. Tiedt, Multicultural Teaching: A Handbook of Activities, Information, and Resources, (Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 2nd ed., 1986), p. 15; Richard W. Riley, Remarks, Bell Multicultural High School, Washington, D. C, 15 March 2000.

537 New York Times, 16 August 1999, p. Bl; Geoffrey Nunberg, "Linguists and the Official Language Movement", Language, 65 (September 1989), p. 586.

538 Max J Castro, "On the Curious Question of Language in Miami", in James Crawford, ed., Language Loyalties (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992), p. 183.

539 Washington Post, 6 February 1999, A4; Domenico Maceri, "Americans are Embracing Spanish", International Herald Tribune, 24 June 2003, p .

540 S. I. Hayakawa quoted in James Crawford, Hold Your Tongue: Bilingualism and the Politics of "English Only" (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1992), p. 149-50.

541 Theodore Roosevelt, "One Flag, One Language (1917)", in Crawford, ed., Language Loyalties (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992), p. 85; New York Times, 6 May 2001, p. 25; Boston Globe, 6 May 2001, p. A6; Financial Times, 23 June 2000, p.

542 Robert Lerner, Althea K. Nagai, and Stanley Rothman, American Elites (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996), p. 50; General Social Survey 1980.

543 Everett Carll Ladd, Jr. and Seymour Martin Lipset, Survey of The Social, Political, and Educational Perspectives of American College and University Faculty(Washington, D.C.: National Institute of Education, 1970), p. 141-46; Everett Carll Ladd, Jr. and Seymour Martin Lipset, The Divided Academy: Professors and Politics (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1975), p. 141-46; Stanley Rothman, "Academics on the Left", Society, 23 (March April 1986), p.

6; Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Co., Report on American Values in the 80's: The Impact of Belief, (New York: Research & Forecasts, 1986), p. 27-28.

544 Ladd and Lipset, Survey of the Social, Political, and Educational Perspectives, p. 163.

545 Jack Citrin, "The End of American Identity?", in Stanley A. Renshon, ed., One America?, Political Leadership, National Identity, and the Dilemmas of Diversity(Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 2001), p. 303.

546 Jack Citrin et al., "Is American Nationalism Changing?, Implications for Foreign Policy", International Studies Quarterly, 38 (March 1994), p. 26-27.

547 Economist, 2 January 1999, p. 59; International Herald Tribune, 17-18 March 2001, p. 10; David Broder, citing NBC News-Wall Street Journal poll Washington Post National Weekly Edition, 2-8 April 2001, p. 4

548 Rita J. Simon, "Old Minorities, New Immigrants: Aspirations, Hopes, and Fears", Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 530 (November 1993), p. 63, 68; The American Enterprise, Public Opinion and Demographic Report, Refering to series of polls from different sources, 5 (January-February 1994), p. 97.World Values Survey, 1995-1997.

549 CM. Vernon M. Briggs, Jr., American Unionism and U.S. Immigration Policy, (Washington: Center for Immigration Studies, August 2001).

550 Everett Carll Ladd and Karlyn H. Bowman, What's Wrong: A Survey of American Satisfaction and Complaint (Washington, D.C.: AEI Press, 1998), p. 92-93.

551 Newsweek, 9 August 1993, p. 19; Simon, "Old Minorities, New Immigrants", p. 62, 64; Time, 1 March 1993, p. 72.

552 Lawrence R. Jacobs and Robert Y. Shapiro, "Debunking the Pandering Politician Myth", Public Perspective, 8 (April/ May 1997), p. 3-5; Alan D. Monroe, "Public Opinion and Public Policy, 1980-1993", Public Opinion Quarterly, 62 (Spring 1998), p. 6; p. Richard Morin, "A Gap in Worldviews", Washington Post Weekly Edition, 19 April 1999, p. 34.

553 Susan J. Pharr, Robert D. Putnam, and Russell J. Dalton, "What's Troubling the Trilateral Democracies", in Susan J. Pharr and Robert D. Putnam, eds., Disaffected Democracies: What's Troubling the Trilateral Countries? (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), p. 9-10.

554 James Allan Davis and W. Smith, General Social Surveys, 1972-2000 [machine-readable data file] (Storrs, : Roper Center for Public Opinion Research).

555 Thomas E. Patterson, The Vanishing Voter: Public Involvement in an Age of Uncertainity (New York: Knopf, 2002), p. 4-5.

556 David S. Broder, Democracy Derailed: Initiative Campaigns and the Power of Money (New York: Harcourt, 2000), p. 3, 6-7; Economist, 9 November 2002, p. 30.

557 Ernest Renan, "What Is a Nation?", in Geoff Eley and Ronald Gripor Suny, eds., Becoming National: A Reader (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), p. 41-55.. Bernard Yack's discussion in "The Myth of the Civic Nation", Critical Review, 10 (Spring 1996), p. 197-98.

558 Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America (New York: Vintage, 1954), vol.1, p. 334-335.

559 Patrick Glynn, "Prelude to a Post-Secular Society", New Perspectives Quarterly, 12 (Spring 1995), p. 17.

560 Paul Kurtz, Chairman of the Center for Inquiry, quoted in New York Times, 24 August 2002, p. http://www.forf. org/news/2002/nyt1.html].

561 Religious Congregations and Membership in the United States (Nashville: Glenmary Research Center, 2002), Issued September, 2000; New York Times, 18 September 2002, p. A16; Economist, 16 May 1987, p. 24.

562 Doug Bandow, "Christianity's Parallel Universe", The American Enterprise, (November December 1995), p. 58-59; Kenneth D. Wald, Religion and Politics in the United States, (Washington, D.C.: CQ Press, 3rd Ed., 1997), p. 234-235; Janet Elder, "Scandal in the Church: American Catholics", New York Times Magazine, 21 April 2002, p. 36.

563 David M. Shribman, "One Nation Under God", Boston Globe Magazine, 10 (January 1999), p. 29; Andrew Kohut et. al.. The Diminishing Divide: Religion's Changing Role in

American Politics (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2000), p. 82; John Green et al., "Faith in the Vote: Religiosity and the Presidential Election", Public Perspective, 12 (March/April 2001), p. 33-35.

564 New York Times, 29 October 1998, p. 21; Kohut, The Diminshing Divide, p. 126-127; Economist, 2 November 2003, p. 33.

565 Shribman, "One Nation Under God", p. 20-21.

566 Michael J. Sandel, "The State and the Soul", The New Republic, 10 June 1985, p. 38.

567 Public Agenda Online Special Edition, For Goodness' Sake: Why So Many Want Religion to Play a Greater Role in American Life, 17 January 2003, p. 1, http:// www. publicagenda.org/specials/religion/religion.html.

568 Kohut, The Diminshing Divide, p. 28-29; p. 26-27; Economist, 24 August 2002, p. 27, citing Time poll.

569 Time, 27 December 1993, p. 56-65; Ruth Shalit, "Angels on Television, Angels in America: Quality Wings", The New Republic, 20-27 July 1998, p. 24.

570 James Davison Hunter, "When Psychotherapy Replaces Religion", Public Interest, 139 (Spring 2000), p. 14.

571 Boston Globe, 12 January 1998, p. A1, A11.

572 Time, 7 June 1999, p. 65; R. Albert Mohler, Jr., "Against an Immoral Tide", New York Times, 19 June 2000, p. A23.

573 Time, 9 December 1991, p. 64.

574 Kohut, The Diminshing Divide, p. 4-5; New York Times, 24 August 2002, citing Heclo.

575 Quoted in Shribman, "One Nation Under God", p. 28; quoted in David Broder, Boston Globe, 3 January 1996, p. 11; Charles Alston and Evan Jenkins, quoted in Shribman, "One Nation Under God", p. 21.

576 Joel Kotkin, "In God We Trust Again", The New Democrat, 8 (January-February, 1996), p. 24; Geoffrey Layman, The Great Divide: Religious and Cultural Conflict in American Party Politics (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001), p. 114; Boston Globe, 27 June 1999, p. Fl.

577 Ibid., p. 64; quoted in Ibid., p. 63.

578 Wald, Religion and Politics in the United States, p. 94-96.

579 . "Compassionate Conservatism Ahead", American Enterprise, June 2000, p. 26ff; Boston Globe, 27 June 1988, p. Fl.

580 New York Times, 30 January 2001, p. A18.

581 Adam Meyerson, quoted in E. J. Dionne, Jr., International Herald Tribune, 20 August 1997, p. 8.

582 New York Times, 7 July 2000, p. ; Boston Globe, 7 July 2000, p. A15.

583 See Wall Street Journal, 22 January 2003, p. A14.

584 Gertrude Himmelfarb, "Religion in the 2000 Election", The Public Interest, 143 (Spring 2001), p. 23; Pew Charitable Trusts, For Goodness' Sake, p. 10; New York Times, 31 August 1999, p. A14; CNN/Gallup Survey; Washington Post Weekly Edition, 28 August 2000, p. 21, Richard John Neuhaus, "The Public Square: A Survey of Religion and Public Life", First Things, 126 (October 2002), p. 107;Farkas et al.; Pew Charitable Trusts, For Goodness' Sake, p. 10-11.

585 Layman, The Great Divide, p. 16, 107-10.

586 Ibid., p. 110-11.

587 New York Times, 15 December 1999, p. A31; Two Concepts, p. 57; New York Times, 29 August 2000, p. A17; Boston Globe, 29 August 2000, p. A12.

588 New York Times, 19 December 1999, Section 4, p. 5; Boston Globe, 23 December 1999, p. A1, A14; New York Times, 29 May 1999, p. All; Economist, 23 December 1999, p. 18.

589 Sigmund Freud, The Future of an Illusion (New York: W. W.Norton, 1961), p. 31

590 Assaf Moghadam, A Global Resurgence of Religion? (Cambridge: Harvard University Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Paper No. 03-03, August 2003), p. 65, 67.

591 Kiren Aziz Chaudhry, The Price of Wealth: Economies and Institutions in the Middle East (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997), p. 6, n. 5.

592 Mark Juergensemeyer, The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), p. 1-3.

593 Jonathan Sacks, "The Dignity of Difference: Avoiding the Clash of Civilizations", Foreign Policy Research Institute Wire, vol. 10, no. 3, July 2000, p.l.

594 Rohan Gunaratna, Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002), p. 45-46; Rohan Gunaratna, Global Terror (New York: New York University Press, 2002), p. 45-46.

595 Interview with Peter Arnett, Quoted in Gunaratna, Inside Al Qaeda, p. 90.

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