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To allow sb to do sth

To permit sb to do sth

To let sb do sth

A means of communication

To express oneself

To ban sth

To be brief


19. to comment on/that sth /ˈkɒment/

E.g.: I’m not in a position to comment on the matter.

make/pass a comment on/about sth/ˈkɒment/

E.g.: No one passed comment on her new hairstyle.



A range of sth

23. to argue that - to give reasons why you believe that sth is right or true

to argue for/against E.g.: Woolf’s report argued for (=supported) an improvement in prison conditions. Several people stood up to argue against (=say they do not support) moving the students to the new school.

24. ­to suffer - to experience sth very unpleasant or painful

E.g.: Some patients suffered severe side-effects from the treatment.

to suffer from sth

E.g.: The region continues to suffer from serious pollution.

Unit 4.3


2. benefitget/gain/receive a benefit

be of benefit to someone/sthE.g.: Not all competition is of benefit to the consumer.

for someone’s benefitE.g.: Molly explained what was happening for my benefit.

have the benefit of sthE.g.: He has had the benefit of the best education money can buy.

3. to claim (that)- to say that sth is true, even though there is no definite proof

E.g.: The report claimed that hundreds of civilians had crossed the border to escape the fighting. He claims he is innocent.


syn.: usual, ordinary



to be in danger of extinction / disappearing

syn.: threat


To decline

syn.: to fall, to decrease

To destroy

syn.: to devastate, to damage, to ruin, to wipe out

destructionE.g.: The building must be saved from destruction.

To devastate

To die out

syn.: to become extinct, to disappear, to vanish

11. to make a big/no difference

E.g.: Unless we recruit and train more Gaelic teachers we won’t make a big difference in schools.


13. disasterE.g.: natural disasters

disastrous consequences/effect/result

To establish

E.g.: The need to establish an official language has a disastrous effect on small languages.

15. to evolve - to gradually change and develop over a period of time

E.g.: Some people claim that languages die as the human race evolves.

A handful of sth

17. a huge/significant increase in sth

syn.: growth, rise, boost

E.g.: There has been a huge increase in the number of children being educated in Gaelic.

18. to invest in sthE.g.: This government believes in investing in education.


To keep sth alive

E.g.: Should we fight to keep a dying language alive?

To last

E.g.: Only few languages lasted more than 2000 years.


22. migration/maɪˈɡreɪʃn/

23. opinion poll - an inquiry into public opinion conducted by interviewing a random sample of people

syn.: survey

24. pace - the speed at which something happens or is done

E.g.: the pace of disappearance

at your own pace - as slowly or quickly as you like

E.g.: The course allows students to progress at their own pace.


E.g.: That sounds promising.

To promote sth

E.g.: Unless we promote Gaelic there won’t be a significant increase in speakers of Gaelic.

27. to raise someone's profile- increase the attention they get

E.g.: The entire marketing team is trying to raise the author's profile.

To reach a target

To recruit sb

syn.: to hire, to employ

E.g.: We won't be recruiting again until next year.

30. to refer to sth - to describe sth, or to be about sth

E.g.: Celtic usually refers to the culture and Gaelic to language

31. relevant - directly connected with and important to what is being discussed or considered

syn.: appropriate, proper, related

ant.: irrelevant, inappropriate, unrelated

E.g.: Ignore that comment. It’s not relevant.

relevant toE.g.: How is that relevant to this discussion?

32. revival - the process of becoming active, successful, or popular again

E.g.: Since 1970s there has been a revival in the Celtic culture and Gaelic language.

33. to run- to control and organise sth such as a business, organisation, or event

To run classes

syn.: to conduct classes


ant.: urban

E.g.: People move from small rural communities to urban centres.

35. spokesperson - someone whose job is to officially represent an organisation, for example in dealing with journalists

To survive

survivalE.g.: In these jungle areas, every day is a fight for survival.

Date: 2016-01-03; view: 1466

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