To be on the increase
Unit 4 Language
1. language⇒ native/foreign/ international language
To speak a language, to communicate in the language
Basics of the language
3. dialect /ˈdaɪəlekt/
4. accent /ˈæks(ə)nt/
to develop/to perfect accent
5. identityĖ the qualities that make someone or sth what they are and different from other people
E.g.: The countries have kept their own distinct political and cultural identities.
6. to adapt to - to change your ideas or behaviour so that you can deal with a new situation
E.g.: Courses can be adapted to suit the needs of the individual.
adaption or adaptation - the process of changing sth so that it can be used for a different purpose
E.g.: They specialize in the adaptation of industrial buildings for housing.
adaptable - adaptable things can be used in different situations or for different purposes
E.g.: Most people want insurance policies that are adaptable to changing circumstances.
8. to make an effort - an attempt to do sth that is difficult or that involves hard work
E.g.: Iíve made an effort to drink less tea and coffee.
10. to be bilingual /baɪˈlɪŋɡwəl/
12. fluent⇒ to become fluent
fluently⇒ to speak fluently
fluency⇒ E.g.: The job requires fluency in Spanish.
14. to let sb down (separable) Ė to disappoint
E.g. I know I let you down when I didnít do what I promised. Iím really sorry.
15. to fall behind (inseparable) - to make less progress or be less successful than other people who are doing a similar job or activity
E.g.: My daughter is falling behind with her schoolwork.
to fall behind in sth
16. to pick up ≠(separable) - to get information or a skill by chance rather than by making a deliberate effort
E.g.: She picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.
17. to get by (inseparable) - to have just enough of sth such as money or knowledge so that you can do what you need to do
E.g.: My arithmetic isnít very good, but I get by.
to get by on ⇒ E.g.: I couldnít possibly get by on £500 a month.
to get by with ⇒ E.g.: You could probably get by with that computer, but a more powerful one would be better.
18. to catch on (inseparable) - to understand ⇒ E.g.: He didnít catch on at first.
to catch on to ⇒ E.g.: Then I caught on to what the man was saying.
19. to take up (separable) - to start doing something regularly as a habit, job, or interest
E.g.: Chris has taken up jogging.
20. to keep up with (inseparable) - to make progress or learn at the same speed as someone or sth
E.g.: We always try to keep up with our competitors.
21. high-flyer - someone who has achieved a lot and is determined to continue being successful
To hold conversations with sb
1. to affect sth /əˈfekt/
E.g.: Did the newspapers really affect the outcome of the election?
Syn.: to influence, to impact
E.g.: Scientists are studying the chemicalís effect on the environment.
to have some/little/negative/no effect on sth
3. texting, text language/message/ to text
4. tough/tʌf/-having or causing problems or difficulties
To arrange sth
To improve sth
to be on the increase
9. to prevent sb from sth / from doing sth
E.g.: The government took steps to prevent a scandal.
10. to get on with- used to talk about how well sb is doing a task
E.g.: I'm not getting on very fast with this job.
Date: 2016-01-03; view: 698