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To be on the increase

Unit 4 Language

Unit 4.1

1. languagenative/foreign/ international language

To speak a language, to communicate in the language

Language learner

Basics of the language

Native speaker

3. dialect /ˈdaɪəlekt/

4. accent /ˈæks(ə)nt/

to develop/to perfect accent

slight/strong accent

5. identityĖ the qualities that make someone or sth what they are and different from other people

E.g.: The countries have kept their own distinct political and cultural identities.

6. to adapt to - to change your ideas or behaviour so that you can deal with a new situation

E.g.: Courses can be adapted to suit the needs of the individual.

adaption or adaptation - the process of changing sth so that it can be used for a different purpose

E.g.: They specialize in the adaptation of industrial buildings for housing.

adaptable - adaptable things can be used in different situations or for different purposes

E.g.: Most people want insurance policies that are adaptable to changing circumstances.


8. to make an effort - an attempt to do sth that is difficult or that involves hard work

E.g.: Iíve made an effort to drink less tea and coffee.

To accelerate

10. to be bilingual /baɪˈlɪŋɡwəl/

To confuse

12. fluentto become fluent

fluentlyto speak fluently

fluencyE.g.: The job requires fluency in Spanish.


14. to let sb down (separable) Ė to disappoint

E.g. I know I let you down when I didnít do what I promised. Iím really sorry.

15. to fall behind (inseparable) - to make less progress or be less successful than other people who are doing a similar job or activity

E.g.: My daughter is falling behind with her schoolwork.

to fall behind in sth

16. to pick up ≠(separable) - to get information or a skill by chance rather than by making a deliberate effort

E.g.: She picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.

17. to get by (inseparable) - to have just enough of sth such as money or knowledge so that you can do what you need to do

E.g.: My arithmetic isnít very good, but I get by.

to get by onE.g.: I couldnít possibly get by on £500 a month.

to get by withE.g.: You could probably get by with that computer, but a more powerful one would be better.

18. to catch on (inseparable) - to understand ⇒ E.g.: He didnít catch on at first.

to catch on toE.g.: Then I caught on to what the man was saying.

19. to take up (separable) - to start doing something regularly as a habit, job, or interest

E.g.: Chris has taken up jogging.

20. to keep up with (inseparable) - to make progress or learn at the same speed as someone or sth

E.g.: We always try to keep up with our competitors.

21. high-flyer - someone who has achieved a lot and is determined to continue being successful

To hold conversations with sb

To support

Unit 4.2

1. to affect sth /əˈfekt/

E.g.: Did the newspapers really affect the outcome of the election?

Syn.: to influence, to impact

2. effect/ɪˈfekt/

E.g.: Scientists are studying the chemicalís effect on the environment.

to have some/little/negative/no effect on sth

3. texting, text language/message/ to text

4. tough/tʌf/-having or causing problems or difficulties

Literacy skills

To arrange sth

To improve sth

to be on the increase

9. to prevent sb from sth / from doing sth

E.g.: The government took steps to prevent a scandal.

10. to get on with- used to talk about how well sb is doing a task

E.g.: I'm not getting on very fast with this job.

Date: 2016-01-03; view: 698

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