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A. Complete these sentences with the correct superlative form of the adjectives in parentheses.

1. (long) The Nile River is the longest river in the world.

2. (high) Mr. Everest is _____ mountain in the world.

3. (good) Some people say that Harvard is _____ university in the U.S.

4. (great) Many Americans think that Abraham Lincoln was _____ President of the U.S.

5. (large) Mexico City is _____ city in the world today.

6. (popular) The Sound of music was _____ movie of the year 1966.

7. (bad) Many people believe that Adolf Hitler was _____ man in the history of the world.

8. (important) The new York Times is _____ newspaper in New York.

9. (beautiful) Some peoples think that Cleopatra was _____ woman of her time.

10. (famous) Mohamed Ali is probably _____ boxer in the United States.


B. Write your own sentences. What do you think? Give your opinion.

1. ( beautiful/ city) I think Astana is the most beautiful city.

2. comfortable/ car _____________________

3. busy/ street _________________________

4. smart/ student _______________________

5. expensive/ university _________________

6. good/ artist _________________________

7. bad/ politician _______________________


Exercise 4.


Give equivalents of the following English proverbs:


1. As the days grow longer, the storms are stronger.

2. Better a glorious death than a shameful life.

3. Cheapest is the dearest.

4. As like as two peas.

5. The nearer the bone, the sweeter the flesh.


Exercise 5.


Change the following sentences into the interrogative and let your fellow – students answer them in the affirmative (A) and in the negative (B).


Example: She can read English.

Can she read English? Yes, she can read English.

1. We can listen and hear with our ears and we can see with our eyes.

2. I can write only with my right hand.

3. My brother can kick a ball with his foot.

4. He can run 1500 meters in 5 minutes.

5. We can write the ABC.

6. My brother can draw simple pictures with his left hand.

7. The girl can speak French very well.

8. Dan can give you the book tomorrow.


Exercise 6.


Find the sentences in which “to have” and “to be” are used in the modal meaning.


1. Last summer I had to stay at home.

2. We had much work last summer.

3. She has to get up early: she must prepare for the test.

4. Next autumn the farmers will have good yields.

5. We have to introduce many fertilizers to enrich the soil.

6. The students planted many trees near their Institute and are to plant still more.

7. Most people are to learn foreign languages today.


Exercise 7.


Change the following sentences into the future.


Example: May the students leave the room in a few minutes? Will you allow the students to leave the room in a few minutes?

1. May I stay away from the classes?

2. May she miss her classes tomorrow?

3. May I look up words in the dictionary?

4. May he not do his job now?

5. May I read this letter to mother?

6. May we use a dictionary at the exam?

7. May I not come to the examination to night?

8. May I play the piano in your room?


Exercise 8.


A. Say what you must do in the morning.

1. Get up early.

2. Wash yourself.

3. Air the room.

4. Do morning exercises.

5. Make your bed.

6. Have breakfast.

7. Clear away the table.

8. Go to the University.


B. Say what you mustn’t do being a student.

1. Be late for classes.

2. Miss classes.

3. Talk at the lessons.

4. Prompt each other.

5. Leave the classroom during lessons.

6. Interrupt your teacher.

7. Change places at the lessons.


Lesson 2


Grammar: Participle I Continuous Tenses §2 Text: Environmental pollution


I. Read and translate the following words and word- combinations:


pollution, to refer (to), to pollute, to dirty, smoke, to poison, chemicals, substance, to damage, fertilizers, vehicle, to disturb, noise, to cause, to face, to harm, illness, death, to kill, to reduce, amount, available, to grow, to bring, ugliness, to complicate, to benefit, to discharge, job, goods, to ruin, crop, aid, to lessen, to enforce, to require, to persuade, major, rural, pollutants, to scatter.


II. Arrange the following words in pairs of a) synonyms, b) antonyms:

a) to ruin, to pollute, substance, vehicle, to require, to dirty, matter, pollution, to destroy, amount, labor, to trouble, to convince, contamination, to disturb, job, to enforce, to lessen, to persuade, automobile, major, to reduce, quantity, general, to claim, to encourage.

b) death, urban, to collect, silence, life, health, to reduce, to discharge, rural, illness, to charge, to benefit, noise, to scatter, to do smb. harm, to increase.


Word- building

- ness- illness, ugliness, business

- dis- discharge, disappear

- able- available, comfortable


III. Read and translate the text A:

Date: 2016-01-03; view: 1546

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VI. Name 4 or 5 kinds of | Environmental pollution.
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