Restaurants range from unpretentious lunching or dining places catering to people working nearby, with simple food served in simple settings at low prices, to expensive establishments serving refined food and wines in a formal setting. In the former case, clients are not expected to wear formal wear. In the latter case, clients generally wear formal clothing, though this varies between cultures.
Pronounce correctly and transcribe. Consult the dictionary if necessary.
Diversity, cuisine, restaurant, feature convenience, appear, flavour, highly, antiquity, guild, retinue, whilst, thereafter, approach, service a la française, chef, encourage, beyond, unpretentious, wear, culture.
Compare and remember.
Answer the questions.
1. What is a restaurant?
2. Why are restaurants established as part of hotels very often?
3. Where does the word "restaurant" come form?
4. When, why and how did the modern meaning of the word "restaurant" come in use?
5. What establishments to serve travellers were known from antiquity and why?
6. What happened to foodservice industry in France after the French Revolution?
7. How was the French tradition of dining out born?
8. Who was Antonin Carême? Why is he remembered?
9. When did restaurants spread in the United States?
10. What is "service a la française"?
11. What is "service a la russe"?
12. Who introduced "service a la russe" to France? When was it?
13. When did restaurants spread in England?
14. What are different types of restaurants?
15. In which way does dining in expensive establishments differ from dining at unpretentious places?
Compare and explain the difference.
British / English
kitchen / cuisine
meal / food
chef / cook
service à la franchise / service à la russe
Give Russian equivalents to the following words and word combinations. Find and translate sentences with them in the text.
To be consumed on the premises, multiplicity of venues, dining amenities, fixed opening hours, inns and taverns, aimed at travellers, catering guilds, retinue of servants, tradition of dining out, star chef, thereafter, shared meal, modern formal style of dining, introduced to France, spread rapidly to England and beyond, unpretentious lunching place, dining place, dining establishment, in the latter case, though.
Make word combinations, translate them and find them in the text.