All the life-supporting regions (ecosystems) on the Earth and all the interactions that occur among organisms and between organisms and the environment.
3. Surrounding of the individuals in which an organism lives and which affects it is :
4. The objects of ecology in order to become more complicated:
Organisms-populations-communities- Ecosystem – Biosphere.
5. The objects of ecology in order to become less complicated:
Biosphere – Ecosystem – Communities – Populations - Organosms
6. Section of ecology that studies an effect of environmental factors to individual organisms is Autecology.
7. Structure, number and dynamic processes in a population are studied by
8. Section of ecology that studies biotic relationships between different species is
9. For the spotted owl, “old growth forest” is its:
10. Habitats are
Physical area in which an organism lives; different types of environment which provide food and shelter for living things.
11. Ecological niches of species living together
Can never overlap.
12. An ecosystem includes
all the interacting parts( living organisms and environment) in an area.
13. Ecosystem is all EXCEPT:
14. Complex system that includes all interacting species in a particular area is called
15. All the populations in an area form
16. Primary succession is the sequential replacement of populations
In an area that has not previously supported life, such as bare rock or a sand dune.
17. Secondary succession is the sequential replacement of populations that occurs in all cases, EXCEPT in disrupte habitat
Secondary Succession – the sequential replacement of population in disrupted habitats that have not been totally stripped of soil and vegetation.
18. The biological community on the islands created after volcanic eruption is the result of secondary succession.
19. Old field succession is
a version of secondary succession – the replacement of population abandoned farm field .
20. Any factor affected organisms is:
21. Organisms in the deserts must be adapted to low levels of
22. Ecological factors that limit life in the ocean BUT DO NOT usually limit distribution of life on the land are:
23. Adaptation of life in a river is primarily determined by gradient or current
24. An estuary is
a biome where the freshwater rivers and streams flow into the sea.
25. Ecological factors that limit life distribution in tundra’s permafrost are permafrost
26. Permafrost is
Permanently frozen layer of ground over 500 m thick.
27. The neritic zone is in:
28. Plants and animals become adapted to life in particular biomes through a process of evolution by natural selection.
29. Organisms with a large range tolerance to an ecological factor are called
30. Organisms with a narrow range tolerance to temperature are called
31. Plants of dry habitats adapted to drought and water shortage are
32. Organisms with a constant temperature not depending on environment temperature are homeothermics.
33. Organisms with a body temperature depending on environment temperature are poikilotehermics.
34. A bird, such as a magpie, that inhabits different regions of Eurasia, North America and North Africa refers to the follow ecological group:
all the life-supporting regions (ecosystems) on the Earth and all the interactions that occur among organisms and between organisms and the environment.
Biosphere – an area of the earth where life exists.
36. The concept of living component of biosphere was proposed by
37. Evolution stage of biosphere transformed by people activity and changed by their scientific consciousness is
38. The exchange pool for carbon in a carbon cycle is:
39. An example of a reservoir for phosphorus would be:
40. Natural environment that is weakly changed by human is
41. Environment created by people is
42. Social environment includes
Date: 2016-01-03; view: 1280