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Read the following jokes. Identify examples of international words.

ETYMOLOGY OF THE ENGLISH WORDS

EXERCISES

 

Single out the following words of native origin according to 1) words of Indo-European origin; 2) words of Common Germanic origin; 3) English words proper.

 

Woman, sister, glove, lady, slow, green, know, sand, long, grass, flood, boy, seven, high, eat, sheriff, widow, answer, life, lip, call, small, bird, corn, silver, ten, day, lord, ship, we, sun, girl.

 

2. In the sentences given below find the examples of Scandinavian borrowings. How can the Scandinavian borrowings be identified?

1. He went on to say that he was sorry to hear that I had been ill. 2. She was wearing a long blue skirt and a white blouse. 3. Two eyes eyes like winter windows, glared at him with ruthless impersonality. 4. The sun was high, the sky unclouded, the air warm with a dry fresh breeze. 5. Its not such a bad thing to be unsure sometimes. It takes us away from the right thinking. 6. It is growing weaker and weaker every morning.

 

Give derivatives of the following words of native origin.

Model:heat:to heat, heater, heated, heatedly, heating, heatproof, heat-lightning.

 

Grass, to feed, lord, hat, red, quick, to feel, heavy, to look.

 

 

4. State the language from which the given words were borrowed: Celtic, Latin, French, Scandinavian, Greek, Russian, Spanish, Italian, German. In case of difficulty consult an Etymological Dictionary.

 

Samovar, cup, to cast, anemia, Avon, kindergarten, banana, law, government, violin, fellow, London, Promenade, umbrella, criterion, armada, cosmonaut, anger, motto, power, candle, mosquito, waltz, plant, nickel, wall, lieutenant, kvass, interior, restaurant, tundra, gondola, anamnesis.

 

Identify the period of borrowing of the French, Greek, Russian and German words.

 

5. Match the translation borrowings on the left with the original phrases / words on the right.

 

1. collective farm a) infra dignitatem

2. the moment of truth b) Wunderkind

3. word combination c)

4. first dancer d) el momento de la verdad

5. fellow-traveller e) circulus vitiosus

6. wonder child f)

7. vicious circle g)

8. famous case h) cause célèbre

9. below ones dignity i) prima-balerina

 

State international words from the given sentences.

 

1. Do you play tennis?

2. He gave a false address to the police.

3. Ive seen many good films lately.

4. Do you take sugar in your coffee?

5. Arrange the words in alphabetical order.

6. Charlotte Bronte wrote under the pseudonym of Currer Bell.

7. He worked in radio for nearly 30 years.

8. Weve visited the open-air theatre in Londons Regent Park.

9. Im worried about my sons lack of progress in German.

10. The government has promised to introduce reforms of the tax system.

 

Read the following jokes. Identify examples of international words.



1. Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration. 2. A psychologist is a man who watches everybody rise when a beautiful girl enters the room. 3. An expert is a man who knows a great deal about very little; and who goes on knowing more and more about less and less until finally he knows practically everything about nothing; whereas a reviewer is a man who knows very little about a great deal and keeps on knowing less and less about more and more until finally he knows practically nothing about everything.

 


Date: 2015-12-24; view: 774


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