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The UN Economic and Social Councils

UN Economic and Social Councils

Resolution 3

Sponsors: France, Mexica, China, Japan, Spain, The Republic of South Africa, Brazil, Canada, Germany.

Signatories: France, Mexica, China, Japan, Spain, The Republic of South Africa, Brazil, Canada, Germany, The Great Britain, Saudi Arabia, Russian Federation, Italia, Liechtenstein, Republic of Argentina, Republic of Indonesia.

Topic: The refugee crises

The UN Economic and Social Councils

Referring to the convention on refuge status, the 167 protocol relating to the status of refuges, resolution 428 of the General assembly of the UN.

Recalling that refugee problem has always been one of the most important problems world community has faced

Emphasizing that the problem of refuges is not only faced by Europe but is incentive for the whole world

Stressing that responding adequately to the increasing number and protection needs of refugees is the key points to promoting human rights

Concerning by forcible return or barriers placed by some countries preventing the entry of asylum seekers

Understanding the problems of refugees in the cultural and educational involvement

Recognizing the problem which has arisen with the influx of refugees mostly to European countries

Dealing with the issue of rising gap between needs and resources essential to solve refugee crisis.

Having regard to educational and cultural difficulties occurring among the youth refuges.

Considering the actions taken by Office the UN Commotions for Refugees.

Emphasizing that the governments of all states should bear the responsibility for the safety of refugees who have crossed their borders.

1. Invites to establish gathering points near the borders of conflict States and near main points of refugee’s border crossing in order to provide the safe gathering and transportation of refugees to the buffer zones.

2. Establishes buffer zones near the main hot spots of refugee crisis in Europe according to the current situation, which are neutral zones or areas between the native State of refugees and the States receiving them, which will grant the filling of the necessary information to the common database and all required examinations on the refugees.

3. Encourages members of the United Nations to participate in the UN Resettlement Programs.

4. Welcomes the idea of creating quota system and making the list of countries responsible for resettlement programs.

5. Proposes that the countries that accept refugees grant those conditions necessary for appropriate living, employment and education until the reason of their becoming refugees disappears.

6. Highly recommends countries capable of accepting refugees to financially support those countries that have expressed the wish to grant them asylum.

7. Invites Member States and observers to adopt a packet of regulations allowing refugees to work in the country granting refuge place (shelter).

a. Recommends MS governments to organize job fares for refugees inviting local employers.

b. Stresses that there should be created a secured database of refugees with their health, professional skills, family, criminal history information. (but Chinese equivalent)

8. Encourages the Host States to create internal terms and conditions for every country to decide on the terms of social payments for refugees.

9. Urges to hold adaptation programs between the local citizens and refugees:

a. Provide with financial and governmental support NGO`s and volunteer`s organizations that help refugees

b. Provide explanation policy for the local citizens about behavior and attitude towards refugees

c. Promote advertisement with the detailed information and contacts to help refugees

d. Encourage youngsters invent the ways of solution of migration crises and finance the best propositions and implement them

e. Build networks with long-time dwellers and encourage refugees to fully participate in country’s society

10. Further encourages providing national policy to avoid the discrimination and xenophobia on the bases of the General Declaration.

11. Emphasizes that voluntary prepatriation of refugees should be exclusively based upon free and informed decisions and only when the national protection of one’s rights is guaranteed. When conditions in the country of origin are deemed to be right and safe, ECOSOC in collaboration with its partnerer institutions promotes and facilitates the voluntary return of refugees.

12. Recalles the local integration is realized when refugees integrate fully as members of the host community through legal, economic, social, and cultural processes. It is important to note that the local integration of refugees places obligations on both refugees and host governments. By extending entitlements and rights to locally integrated refugees, the host government inherently obliges/requires refugees to live up to the norms, rules, and regulations of the host countries.

13. Recommends establishing an interstate educational initiative for refugees whose studies were interrupted by war:

a. By selecting participants from the refugee camps in countries neighboring conflict areas, granting them with the scholarship of universities, which have already joined the project. The scholarship program shall include assistance with the paperwork and visa documents, air and ground transportation, lodging, monthly allowance. Medical insurance shall depend on the good will of the Participating States

b. Creating an intensive language and cultural orientation courses for those seeking higher education at the countries of asylum.

c. Encouraging participating universities to develop special curricula on Middle-East politics, culture and history to increase awareness about the humanitarian crisis.

d. Encouraging students who have finished their degrees to return to their native countries to help in the reconstruction of them to establish a foundation for a class of future humanitarian and civil service workers both in those fragile states and in developed countries.

e. Cooperating with the UN Refugee Agency, the UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning and the International Organization on Migration for the embodiment of this initiative

f. Encouraging the national bodies responsible for the educational programs to allocate the legal minors in the primary and secondary educational establishments

g. Creating additional educational centers for the youth promoting the development of individuality of each person.

14. Urges to establish financial support to the member states that initially receive the majority of refugees

15. Suggests the idea of creating and establishing the quotas system and making the list of countries responsible for the resettlement programs.

16. Encourages the Member State that not ready to provide the location of the refugee camps within their territories to provide other assistance such as the financial, humanitarian and social aid.

17. Encourages cooperation with International Financial Institutions such as the World Bank, the European Investment Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Development Bank of the Council of Europe, the Islamic Development Bank which may be ready to support financially efforts of the countries willing to make use of these resources.

18. Calls upon member states to participate in the UNHCR resettlement program.

19. Advises to establish an international three-part social institutions under the universal name of the United Nations Social Committee for Refugee Assistance consisting of representatives of the United Nations Organization, state authorities concerned and the private persons and non-governmental organizations who have expressed their willingness to assist refugees in any issues. These institutions shall be responsible for:

a) Providing the pre-arrival assistance to the refugees.

b) Coordinating transportation of refugees to the accepting countries;

c) Assisting the fair division of the refugees within the territories of the resettlement

d) Helping in solution of the issues within the juridical, social, financial, informational competence of the United Nations Organization

e) Providing special care & assistance to the disabled and orphans in any sphere needed

d) Encouraging Country Acceptors to cooperate with already established NGOs on organizing special events for those in need based on the United Nations Social Committee for Refugee Assistance

20. Recommends making use of all available communication tools to inform refugees about existing rules, as well as about their rights and obligations in the status of a refugee, prescribing the necessity of a personal signature or without such necessity at the sole option of an accepting country.

21. Underlines the crucial role of UN Convention against Transnational organized crime and highlights the need of investigation and prosecution of human trafficking and smuggling by providing educational advertisement explaining the issues of human trafficking and smuggling for citizens and refugees as well.

22. Encourages the International Humanitarian Organizations such as “Doctors without Borders”, “Medical Team International”, “International Medical Corps” to cooperate with the ECOSOC in the work of providing the refuges with the medical examining and relevant medical care.

23. Insists on the creation of the universal refuge database, where the information on a refugees’ age, nationality, religion, education, profession, social status as well as the results of medical examination and fingerprints of every single person shall be kept with the opportunity of the further update. This information shall be confidential and available only to the governments and NGOs of the excepting countries.

24. Urges member states to draw donations to early and unrestricted support and to seek every opportunity to mobilize resources for needs of refuges (the level of which extended far beyond levels ever before reached in history).

25. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

Date: 2015-12-24; view: 1239

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